Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Genesis 31:44 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And now come, let us make a covenant, I and thou; and let it be for a witness between me and thee.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now therefore come thou, let us make a covenant, I and thou; and let it be for a witness between me and thee.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “So now come, let us make a covenant, you and I, and let it be a witness between you and me.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now therefore come thou, let us make a covenant, I and thou; and let it be for a witness between me and thee.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And now, come, let us make a covenant, I and thou; and let it be a witness between me and thee.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, therefore, come on! Let us solemnise a covenant, I and thou,—So shall it be a witness betwixt me and thee.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and now, come, let us make a covenant, I and thou, and it hath been for a witness between me and thee.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Come, therefore, let us enter into a league; that it may be for a testimony between me and thee.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now therefore come thou, let vs make a couenant, I and thou: and let it be for a witnesse betweene me and thee.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Now then come, let me make a covenant, both I and thou, and it shall be for a witness between me and thee; and he said to him, Behold, there is no one with us; behold, God is witness between me and thee.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now therefore come thou, let us make a covenant, I and thou; and let it be for a witness between me and thee.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now x6258
(6258) Complement
אַתָּה
`attah
{at-taw'}
From H6256; at this time, whether adverbial, conjugational or expletive.
therefore come x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
thou, y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
let us make 3772
{3772} Prime
כָּרַת
karath
{kaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication to destroy or consume; specifically to covenant (that is, make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a covenant, 1285
{1285} Prime
בְּרִית
b@riyth
{ber-eeth'}
From H1262 (in the sense of cutting (like H1254)); a compact (because made by passing between pieces of flesh).
I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
and thou; x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
and let it be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
for a witness 5707
{5707} Prime
עֵד
`ed
{ayd}
From H5749 contracted; concretely a witness; abstractly testimony; specifically a recorder, that is, prince.
between x996
(0996) Complement
בַּיִן
beyn
{bane}
(Sometimes in the plural masculine or feminine); properly the constructively contracted form of an otherwise unused noun from H0995; a distinction; but used only as a preposition, between (repeated before each noun, often with other particles); also as a conjugation, either... or.
me and thee.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 31:44

_ _ Come thou, let us make a covenant — The way in which this covenant was ratified was by a heap of stones being laid in a circular pile, to serve as seats, and in the center of this circle a large one was set up perpendicularly for an altar. It is probable that a sacrifice was first offered, and then that the feast of reconciliation was partaken of by both parties seated on the stones around it. To this day heaps of stones, which have been used as memorials, are found abundantly in the region where this transaction took place.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 31:43-55.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 31:44

Let us make a covenant — It was made and ratified with great solemnity, according to the usages of those times. A pillar was erected, and a heap of stones raised, to perpetuate the memory of the thing, writing being then not known. A sacrifice was offered, a sacrifice of peace — offerings. They did eat bread together, jointly partaking of the feast upon the sacrifice. This was in token of a hearty reconciliation. Covenants of friendship were anciently ratified by the parties eating and drinking together. They solemnity appealed to God concerning their sincerity herein; As a witness, Genesis 31:49. The Lord watch between me and thee — That is, the Lord take cognizance of every thing that shall be done on either side in violation of this league. As a judge, The God of Abraham, from whom Jacob was descended, and The God of Nahor, from whom Laban was descended, the God of their father, the common ancestor from whom they were both descended, judge betwixt us. God's relation to them is thus expressed, to intimate that they worshipped one and the same God, upon which consideration there ought to be no enmity betwixt them. Those that have one God should have one heart: God is judge between contending parties, and he will judge righteously, whoever doth wrong it is at their peril. They gave a new name to the place, Genesis 31:47-48. Laban called it in Syriac, and Jacob in Hebrew, The heap of witness. And Genesis 31:49, it was called Mizpah, a watch — tower. Posterity being included in the league, care was taken that thus the memory of it should be preserved. The name Jacob gave this heap stuck by it, Galeed, not the name Laban gave it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 31:44

Now therefore (i) come thou, let us make a covenant, I and thou; and let it be for a witness between me and thee.

(i) His conscience reproved him for his misbehaviour toward Jacob, and therefore moved him to seek peace.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
let us:

Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:
Genesis 21:22-32 And it came to pass at that time, that Abimelech and Phichol the chief captain of his host spake unto Abraham, saying, God [is] with thee in all that thou doest: ... Thus they made a covenant at Beersheba: then Abimelech rose up, and Phichol the chief captain of his host, and they returned into the land of the Philistines.
Genesis 26:28-31 And they said, We saw certainly that the LORD was with thee: and we said, Let there be now an oath betwixt us, [even] betwixt us and thee, and let us make a covenant with thee; ... And they rose up betimes in the morning, and sware one to another: and Isaac sent them away, and they departed from him in peace.
1 Samuel 20:14-17 And thou shalt not only while yet I live shew me the kindness of the LORD, that I die not: ... And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

a witness:

Genesis 31:48 And Laban said, This heap [is] a witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed;
Genesis 31:52 This heap [be] witness, and [this] pillar [be] witness, that I will not pass over this heap to thee, and that thou shalt not pass over this heap and this pillar unto me, for harm.
Genesis 21:30 And he said, For [these] seven ewe lambs shalt thou take of my hand, that they may be a witness unto me, that I have digged this well.
Deuteronomy 31:19 Now therefore write ye this song for you, and teach it the children of Israel: put it in their mouths, that this song may be a witness for me against the children of Israel.
Deuteronomy 31:21 And it shall come to pass, when many evils and troubles are befallen them, that this song shall testify against them as a witness; for it shall not be forgotten out of the mouths of their seed: for I know their imagination which they go about, even now, before I have brought them into the land which I sware.
Deuteronomy 31:26 Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of the LORD your God, that it may be there for a witness against thee.
Joshua 22:27 But [that] it [may be] a witness between us, and you, and our generations after us, that we might do the service of the LORD before him with our burnt offerings, and with our sacrifices, and with our peace offerings; that your children may not say to our children in time to come, Ye have no part in the LORD.
Joshua 24:25-27 So Joshua made a covenant with the people that day, and set them a statute and an ordinance in Shechem. ... And Joshua said unto all the people, Behold, this stone shall be a witness unto us; for it hath heard all the words of the LORD which he spake unto us: it shall be therefore a witness unto you, lest ye deny your God.
; God can put a bridle into the mouth of wicked man to restrain their malice; and then, though they have no love for his people, they will pretend to it, and try to make a merit of necessity. Scott.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 15:18; 21:22, 30; 26:28; 31:48, 52. Dt 31:19, 21, 26. Jsh 22:27; 24:25. 1S 20:14.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Genesis 31:44.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Genesis 31:44


Recent Chat Bible Comments