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Genesis 32:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he lodged there that night, and took of that which he had with him a present for Esau his brother:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he lodged there that same night; and took of that which came to his hand a present for Esau his brother;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So he spent the night there. Then he selected from what he had with him a present for his brother Esau:
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he lodged there that same night; and took of that which came to his hand a present for Esau, his brother;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he lodged there that night; and took of what came to his hand a gift for Esau his brother—
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he tarried there that night, and took of that which came to his hand, a present for Esau his brother:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he lodgeth there during that night, and taketh from that which is coming into his hand, a present for Esau his brother:
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when he had slept there that night, he set apart, of the things which he had, presents for his brother Esau,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he lodged there that same night, and tooke of that which came to his hand, a present for Esau his brother:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he slept there that night, and took of the gifts which he carried [with him], and sent out to Esau his brother,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he lodged there that same night; and took of that which came to his hand a present for Esaw his brother;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he lodged 3885
{3885} Prime
A primitive root; to stop (usually over night); by implication to stay permanently; hence (in a bad sense) to be obstinate (especially in words, to complain).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
there x8033
(8033) Complement
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
that same x1931
(1931) Complement
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
night; 3915
{3915} Prime
From the same as H3883; properly a twist (away of the light), that is, night; figuratively adversity.
and took 3947
{3947} Prime
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
of x4480
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
that which came 935
{0935} Prime
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
to his hand 3027
{3027} Prime
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
a present 4503
{4503} Prime
From an unused root meaning to apportion, that is, bestow; a donation; euphemistically tribute; specifically a sacrificial offering (usually bloodless and voluntary).
for `$w עֵשָׂו 6215
{6215} Prime
Apparently a form of the passive participle of H6213 in the original sense of handling; rough (that is, sensibly felt); Esav, a son of Isaac, including his posterity.
his brother; 251
{0251} Prime
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 32:13-23

_ _ took ... a present for Esau — Jacob combined active exertions with earnest prayer; and this teaches us that we must not depend upon the aid and interposition of God in such a way as to supersede the exercise of prudence and foresight. Superiors are always approached with presents, and the respect expressed is estimated by the quality and amount of the gift. The present of Jacob consisted of five hundred fifty head of cattle, of different kinds, such as would be most prized by Esau. It was a most magnificent present, skilfully arranged and proportioned. The milch camels alone were of immense value; for the she camels form the principal part of Arab wealth; their milk is a chief article of diet; and in many other respects they are of the greatest use.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 32:13-23

_ _ Jacob, having piously made God his friend by a prayer, is here prudently endeavouring to make Esau his friend by a present. He had prayed to God to deliver him from the had of Esau, for he feared him; but neither did his fear sink into such a despair as dispirits for the use of means, nor did his prayer make him presume upon God's mercy, without the use of means. Note, When we have prayed to God for any mercy, we must second our prayers with our endeavours; else, instead of trusting god, we tempt him; we must so depend upon God's providence as to make use of our own prudence. “Help thyself, and God will help thee;” God answers our prayers by teaching us to order our affairs with discretion. To pacify Esau,

_ _ I. Jacob sent him a very noble present, not of jewels or fine garments (he had them not), but of cattle, to the number of 580 in all, Genesis 32:13-15. Now, 1. It was an evidence of the great increase with which God had blessed Jacob that he could spare such a number of cattle out of his stock. 2. It was an evidence of his wisdom that he would willingly part with some, to secure the rest; some men's covetousness loses them more than ever it gained them, and, by grudging a little damage; skin for skin, and all that a man has, if he be a wise man, he will give for his life. 3. It was a present that he thought would be acceptable to Esau, who had traded so much in hunting wild beasts that perhaps he was but ill furnished with tame cattle with which to stock his new conquests. And we may suppose that the mixed colours of Jacob's cattle, ring-straked, speckled, and spotted, would please Esau's fancy. 4. He promised himself that by this present he should gain Esau's favour; for a gift commonly prospers, which way soever it turns (Proverbs 17:8), and makes room for a man (Proverbs 18:16); nay, it pacifies anger and strong wrath, Proverbs 21:14. Note, [1.] We must not despair of reconciling ourselves even to those that have been most exasperated against us; we ought not to judge men unappeasable, till we have tried to appease them. [2.] Peace and love, though purchased dearly, will prove a good bargain to the purchaser. Many a morose ill-natured man would have said, in Jacob's case, “Esau has vowed my death without cause, and he shall never be a farthing the better for me; I will see him far enough before I will send him a present:” but Jacob forgives and forgets.

_ _ II. He sent him a very humble message, which he ordered his servants to deliver in the best manner, Genesis 32:17, Genesis 32:18. They must call Esau their lord, and Jacob his servant; they must tell him the cattle they had was a small present which Jacob had sent him, as a specimen of his acquisitions while he was abroad. The cattle he sent were to be disposed of in several droves, and the servants that attended each drove were to deliver the same message, that the present might appear the more valuable, and his submission, so often repeated, might be the more likely to influence Esau. They must especially take care to tell him that Jacob was coming after (Genesis 32:18-20), that he might not suspect he had fled through fear. Note, A friendly confidence in men's goodness may help to prevent the mischief designed us by their badness: if Jacob will seem not to be afraid of Esau, Esau, it may be hoped, will not be a terror to Jacob.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 32:13

Jacob having piously made God his friend by a prayer, is here prudently endeavouring to make Esau his friend by a present. He had prayed to God to deliver him from the hand of Esau — His prayer did not make him presume upon God's mercy, without the use of means.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 32:13

And he lodged there that same night; and took of that which came to his hand a (f) present for Esau his brother;

(f) Not distrusting God's assistance, but using such means as God had given him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Samuel 25:8 Ask thy young men, and they will shew thee. Wherefore let the young men find favour in thine eyes: for we come in a good day: give, I pray thee, whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy servants, and to thy son David.

to his hand:
Or, "under his hand" or power; i.e., what Providence had put in his power or possession.

a present:

Genesis 32:20-21 And say ye moreover, Behold, thy servant Jacob [is] behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the present that goeth before me, and afterward I will see his face; peradventure he will accept of me. ... So went the present over before him: and himself lodged that night in the company.
Genesis 18:2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw [them], he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,
Genesis 33:10 And Jacob said, Nay, I pray thee, if now I have found grace in thy sight, then receive my present at my hand: for therefore I have seen thy face, as though I had seen the face of God, and thou wast pleased with me.
Genesis 42:6 And Joseph [was] the governor over the land, [and] he [it was] that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph's brethren came, and bowed down themselves before him [with] their faces to the earth.
Genesis 43:11 And their father Israel said unto them, If [it must be] so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds:
Genesis 43:26 And when Joseph came home, they brought him the present which [was] in their hand into the house, and bowed themselves to him to the earth.
1 Samuel 25:27 And now this blessing which thine handmaid hath brought unto my lord, let it even be given unto the young men that follow my lord.
Proverbs 17:8 A gift [is as] a precious stone in the eyes of him that hath it: whithersoever it turneth, it prospereth.
Proverbs 18:16 A man's gift maketh room for him, and bringeth him before great men.
Proverbs 19:6 Many will intreat the favour of the prince: and every man [is] a friend to him that giveth gifts.
Proverbs 21:14 A gift in secret pacifieth anger: and a reward in the bosom strong wrath.
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