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Genesis 32:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jacob said when he saw them, This is God's host: and he called the name of that place Mahanaim.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when Jacob saw them, he said, This [is] God's host: and he called the name of that place Mahanaim.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Jacob said when he saw them, “This is God’s camp.” So he named that place Mahanaim.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when Jacob saw them, he said, This [is] God's host: and he called the name of that place Mahanaim.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And when Jacob saw them he said, This is the camp of God. And he called the name of that place Mahanaim.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Jacob said, when he saw them, the camp of God, is this! So he called the name of that place, Mahanaim.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Jacob saith, when he hath seen them, 'This [is] the camp of God;' and he calleth the name of that place 'Two Camps.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when he saw them, he said: These are the camps of God, and he called the name of that place Mahanaim, that is, Camps.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when Iacob saw them, he said, This [is] Gods hoste: and hee called the name of that place Mahanaim.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Jacob said, when he saw them, This is the Camp of God; and he called the name of that place, Encampments.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And when Yaaqov saw them, he said, This [is] Elohim's host: and he called the name of that place Machanayim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And when x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
Ya`kv יַעֲקֹב 3290
{3290} Prime
יַעֲקֹב
Ya`aqob
{yah-ak-obe'}
From H6117; heel catcher (that is, supplanter); Jaakob, the Israelitish patriarch.
saw x7200
(7200) Complement
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
them, y7200
[7200] Standard
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
he said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
This x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
[is] lhm's אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
host: 4264
{4264} Prime
מַחֲנֶה
machaneh
{makh-an-eh'}
From H2583; an encampment (of travellers or troops); hence an army, whether literally (of soldiers) or figuratively (of dancers, angels, cattle, locusts, stars; or even the sacred courts).
and he called 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
of that x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
place 4725
{4725} Prime
מָקוֹם
maqowm
{maw-kome'}
From H6965; properly a standing, that is, a spot; but used widely of a locality (generally or specifically); also (figuratively) of a condition (of body or mind).
Manayim מַחֲנַיִם. 4266
{4266} Prime
מַחֲנַיִם
Machanayim
{makh-an-ah'-yim}
Dual of H4264; double camp; Machanajim, a place in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 32:2

_ _ Mahanaim — “two hosts,” or “camps.” The place was situated between mount Gilead and the Jabbok, near the banks of that brook.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 32:1-2.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 32:2

This is God's house — A good man may, with an eye of faith, see the same that Jacob saw with his bodily eyes. What need we dispute whether he has a guardian angel, when we are sure he has a guard of angels about him? To preserve the remembrance of this favour, Jacob gave a name to the place from it, Mahanaim, two hosts, or two camps probably they appeared to him in two hosts, one on either side, or one in the front, and the other in the rear, to protect him from Laban behind, and Esau before, that they might be a compleat guard. Here was Jacob's family that made one army, representing the church militant and itinerant on earth; and the angels another army, representing the church triumphant, and at rest in heaven.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 32:2

And when Jacob saw them, he said, (a) This [is] God's host: and he called the name of that place Mahanaim.

(a) He acknowledges God's benefits: who for the preservation of his, sends hosts of angels.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
God's:

Joshua 5:14 And he said, Nay; but [as] captain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant?
2 Kings 6:17 And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD, I pray thee, open his eyes, that he may see. And the LORD opened the eyes of the young man; and he saw: and, behold, the mountain [was] full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha.
Psalms 34:7 The angel of the LORD encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them.
Psalms 103:21 Bless ye the LORD, all [ye] his hosts; [ye] ministers of his, that do his pleasure.
Psalms 148:2 Praise ye him, all his angels: praise ye him, all his hosts.
Daniel 10:20 Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come.
Luke 2:13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying,

the name:

Joshua 21:38 And out of the tribe of Gad, Ramoth in Gilead with her suburbs, [to be] a city of refuge for the slayer; and Mahanaim with her suburbs,
2 Samuel 2:8 But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim;
2 Samuel 2:12 And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ishbosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon.
2 Samuel 17:24 Then David came to Mahanaim. And Absalom passed over Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him.
2 Samuel 17:26-27 So Israel and Absalom pitched in the land of Gilead. ... And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim,
1 Kings 2:8 And, behold, [thou hast] with thee Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite of Bahurim, which cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim: but he came down to meet me at Jordan, and I sware to him by the LORD, saying, I will not put thee to death with the sword.
1 Kings 4:14 Ahinadab the son of Iddo [had] Mahanaim:

Mahanaim:
i.e. two hosts, or camps,
Song of Songs 6:13 Return, return, O Shulamite; return, return, that we may look upon thee. What will ye see in the Shulamite? As it were the company of two armies.
; Mahanaim was situated between Gilead and the river Jabbok, near the present Djezan.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jsh 5:14; 21:38. 2S 2:8, 12; 17:24, 26. 1K 2:8; 4:14. 2K 6:17. Ps 34:7; 103:21; 148:2. So 6:13. Dn 10:20. Lk 2:13.

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