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Genesis 32:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the sun rose upon him as he passed over Penuel, and he limped upon his thigh.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon him, and he halted upon his thigh.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the sun rose upon him just as he crossed over Penuel, and he was limping on his thigh.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon him, and he halted upon his thigh.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And as he passed over Peniel, the sun rose upon him; and he limped upon his hip.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the sun rose on him as soon as he had passed over Penuel,—he, moreover, was halting upon his thigh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the sun riseth on him when he hath passed over Penuel, and he is halting on his thigh;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And immediately the sun rose upon him, after he was past Phanuel; but he halted on his foot.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And as he passed ouer Penuel, the sunne rose vpon him, and he halted vpon his thigh.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the sun rose upon him, when he passed the Face of God; and he halted upon his thigh.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon him, and he halted upon his thigh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And as x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
he passed over 5674
{5674} Prime
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Pnl פְּנוּאֵל 6439
{6439} Prime
From H6437 and H0410; face of God; Penuel or Peniel, a place East of Jordan; also (as Penuel) the name of two Israelites.
the sun 8121
{8121} Prime
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication the east; figuratively a ray, that is, (architecturally) a notched battlement.
rose 2224
{2224} Prime
A primitive root; properly to irradiate (or shoot forth beams), that is, to rise (as the sun); specifically to appear (as a symptom of leprosy).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
upon him, and he x1931
(1931) Complement
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
halted 6760
{6760} Prime
A primitive root; probably to curve; used only as denominative from H6763, to limp (as if one sided).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
his thigh. 3409
{3409} Prime
From an unused root meaning to be soft; the thigh (from its fleshy softness); by euphemism the generative parts; figuratively a shank, flank, side.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 32:31

_ _ halted upon his thigh — As Paul had a thorn in the flesh given to humble him, lest he should be too elevated by the abundant revelations granted him [2 Corinthians 12:7], so Jacob’s lameness was to keep him mindful of this mysterious scene, and that it was in gracious condescension the victory was yielded to him. In the greatest of these spiritual victories which, through faith, any of God’s people obtain, there is always something to humble them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 32:24-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 32:31

He halted on his thigh — And some think he continued to do so to his dying day. If he did, he had no reason to complain, for the honour and comfort he obtained by his struggle was abundantly sufficient to countervail the damage, though he went limping to his grave.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 32:31

And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon him, and he (l) halted upon his thigh.

(l) The faithful to overcome their temptations, so that they feel the pain of it, so they would not boast, except in their humility.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
rose upon:

Genesis 19:15 And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city.
Genesis 19:23 The sun was risen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar.
Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.

he halted:

Genesis 32:25 And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him.
Psalms 38:17 For I [am] ready to halt, and my sorrow [is] continually before me.
2 Corinthians 12:7 And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure.
2 Corinthians 12:9 And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me.
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Gn 19:15, 23; 32:25. Ps 38:17. Mal 4:2. 2Co 12:7, 9.

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