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Genesis 34:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she bare unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to visit the daughters of the land.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bore to Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then went forth Dinah, the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob,—to see the daughters of the land.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Dinah, daughter of Leah, whom she hath borne to Jacob, goeth out to look on the daughters of the land,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Dina the daughter of Lia went out to see the women of that country.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which shee bare vnto Iacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Dinah{gr.Dina}, the daughter of Leah{gr.Lea}, whom she bore to Jacob, went forth to observe the daughters of the inhabitants.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare unto Yaaqov, went out to see the daughters of the land.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Dn דִּינָה 1783
{1783} Prime
דִּינָה
Diynah
{dee-naw'}
Feminine of H1779; justice; Dinah, the daughter of Jacob.
the daughter 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
of L לֵאָה, 3812
{3812} Prime
לֵאָה
Le'ah
{lay-aw'}
From H3811; weary; Leah, a wife of Jacob.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
she bare 3205
{3205} Prime
יָלַד
yalad
{yaw-lad'}
A primitive root; to bear young; causatively to beget; medically to act as midwife; specifically to show lineage.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
unto Ya`kv יַעֲקֹב, 3290
{3290} Prime
יַעֲקֹב
Ya`aqob
{yah-ak-obe'}
From H6117; heel catcher (that is, supplanter); Jaakob, the Israelitish patriarch.
went out 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to see 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
the daughters 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
of the land. 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 34:1-4

_ _ Genesis 34:1-31. The dishonor of Dinah.

_ _ Though freed from foreign troubles, Jacob met with a great domestic calamity in the fall of his only daughter. According to Josephus, she had been attending a festival; but it is highly probable that she had been often and freely mixing in the society of the place and that she, being a simple, inexperienced, and vain young woman, had been flattered by the attentions of the ruler’s son. There must have been time and opportunities of acquaintance to produce the strong attachment that Shechem had for her.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 34:1-5

_ _ Dinah was, for aught that appears, Jacob's only daughter, and we may suppose her therefore the mother's fondling and the darling of the family, and yet she proves neither a joy nor a credit to them; for those children seldom prove either the best or the happiest that are most indulged. She is reckoned now but fifteen or sixteen years of age when she here occasioned so much mischief. Observe, 1. Her vain curiosity, which exposed her. She went out, perhaps unknown to her father, but by the connivance of her mother, to see the daughters of the land (Genesis 34:1); probably it was at a ball, or on some public day. Being an only daughter, she thought herself solitary at home, having none of her own age and sex to converse with; and therefore she must needs go abroad to divert herself, to keep off melancholy, and to accomplish herself by conversation better than she could in her father's tents. Note, It is a very good thing for children to love home; it is parents' wisdom to make it easy to them, and children's duty then to be easy in it. Her pretence was to see the daughters of the land, to see how they dressed, and how they danced, and what was fashionable among them. She went to see, yet that was not all, she went to be seen too; she went to see the daughters of the land, but, it may be, with some thoughts of the sons of the land too. I doubt she went to get an acquaintance with those Canaanites, and to learn their way. Note, The pride and vanity of young people betray them into many snares. 2. The loss of her honour by this means (Genesis 34:2): Shechem, the prince of the country, but a slave to his own lusts, took her, and lay with her, it should seem, not so much by force as by surprise. Note, Great men think they may do any thing; and what more mischievous than untaught and ungoverned youth? See what came of Dinah's gadding: young women must learn to be chaste, keepers at home; these properties are put together, Titus 2:5, for those that are not keepers at home expose their chastity. Dinah went abroad to look about her; but, if she had looked about her as she ought, she would not have fallen into this snare. Note, The beginning of sin is as the letting forth of water. How great a matter does a little fire kindle! We should therefore carefully avoid all occasions of sin and approaches to it. 3. The court Shechem made to her, after he had defiled her. This was fair and commendable, and made the best of what was bad; he loved her (not as Amnon, 2 Samuel 13:15), and he engaged his father to make a match for him with her, Genesis 34:4. 4. The tidings brought to poor Jacob, Genesis 34:5. As soon as his children grew up they began to be a grief to him. Let not godly parents, that are lamenting the miscarriages of their children, think their case singular or unprecedented. The good man held his peace, as one astonished, that knows not what to say: or he said nothing, for fear of saying amiss, as David (Psalms 39:1, Psalms 39:2); he smothered his resentments, lest, if he had suffered them to break out, they should have transported him into any decencies. Or, it should seem, he had left the management of his affairs very much (too much I doubt) to his sons, and he would do nothing without them: or, at least, he knew they would make him uneasy if he did, they having shown themselves, of late, upon all occasions, bold, forward, and assuming. Note, Things never go well when the authority of a parent runs low in a family. Let every man bear rule in his own house, and have his children in subjection with all gravity.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 34:1

Dinah was then about fifteen or sixteen years of age when she went out to see the daughters of the land — Probably on some public day. She went to see; yet that was not all, she went to be seen too: she went to see the daughters of the land, but it may be with some thoughts of the sons of the land too.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 34:1

And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob, (a) went out to see the daughters of the land.

(a) This example teaches us that too much liberty is not to be given to youth.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 2272, bc 1732

Dinah:

Genesis 30:21 And afterwards she bare a daughter, and called her name Dinah.
Genesis 46:15 These [be] the sons of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob in Padanaram, with his daughter Dinah: all the souls of his sons and his daughters [were] thirty and three.

the daughter:

Genesis 26:34 And Esau was forty years old when he took to wife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Bashemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite:
Genesis 27:46 And Rebekah said to Isaac, I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Heth: if Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth, such as these [which are] of the daughters of the land, what good shall my life do me?
Genesis 28:6 When Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob, and sent him away to Padanaram, to take him a wife from thence; and that as he blessed him he gave him a charge, saying, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan;
Genesis 30:13 And Leah said, Happy am I, for the daughters will call me blessed: and she called his name Asher.
Jeremiah 2:36 Why gaddest thou about so much to change thy way? thou also shalt be ashamed of Egypt, as thou wast ashamed of Assyria.
1 Timothy 5:13 And withal they learn [to be] idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not.
Titus 2:5 [To be] discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.
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Gn 26:34; 27:46; 28:6; 30:13, 21; 46:15. Jr 2:36. 1Ti 5:13. Tit 2:5.

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