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Genesis 34:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Hamor communed with them, saying, The soul of my son Shechem longeth for your daughter: I pray you, give her unto him to wife.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Hamor communed with them, saying, The soul of my son Shechem longeth for your daughter: I pray you give her him to wife.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But Hamor spoke with them, saying, “The soul of my son Shechem longs for your daughter; please give her to him in marriage.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Hamor communed with them, saying, The soul of my son Shechem longeth for your daughter: I pray you give her to him for a wife.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Hamor spoke to them, saying, My son Shechem's soul cleaves to your daughter: I pray you, give her to him as wife.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So then Hamor spake with them, saying—As for Shechem my son, his soul hath become attached to your daughter,—I pray you give her to him, to wife.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Hamor speaketh with them, saying, 'Shechem, my son, his soul hath cleaved to your daughter; give her, I pray you, to him for a wife,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Hemor spoke to them: The soul of my son Sichem has a longing for your daughter: give her him to wife:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Hamor communed with them, saying, The soule of my sonne Shechem longeth for your daughter: I pray you giue her him to wife.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Hamor{gr.Emmor} spoke to them, saying, Shechem{gr.Sychem} my son has chosen in his heart your daughter; give her therefore to him for a wife,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Chamor communed with them, saying, The soul of my son Shekhem longeth for your daughter: I pray you give her him to wife.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And mr חֲמוֹר 2544
{2544} Prime
The same as H2543; ass; Chamor, a Canaanite.
communed 1696
{1696} Prime
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
with x854
(0854) Complement
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
them, saying, 559
{0559} Prime
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
The soul 5315
{5315} Prime
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
of my son 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
em שְׁכֶם y7927
[7927] Standard
The same as H7926; ridge; Shekem, a place in Palestine.
(7928) Complement
From H7926; Shekem, the name of a Hivite and two Israelites.
longeth 2836
{2836} Prime
A primitive root; to cling, that is, join (figuratively) to love, delight in; elliptically (or by interchange for H2820) to deliver.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
for your daughter: 1323
{1323} Prime
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
I pray you x4994
(4994) Complement
A primitive particle of incitement and entreaty, which may usually be rendered I pray, now or then; added mostly to verbs (in the imperative or future), or to interjections, occasionally to an adverb or conjugation.
give 5414
{5414} Prime
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
her him to wife. 802
{0802} Prime
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 34:8-10

_ _ Hamor communed with them — The prince and his son seem at first sight to have acted honestly, and our feelings are enlisted on their side. They betray no jealousy of the powerful shepherds; on the contrary, they show every desire to establish friendly intercourse. But their conduct was unjustifiable in neither expressing regret nor restoring Dinah to her family; and this great error was the true cause of the negotiations ending in so unhappy a manner.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 34:6-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 34:8

Hamor communed — That is, talked. He came to treat with Jacob himself, but he turns them over to his sons. And here we have a particular account of the treaty, in which it is a shame to say the Canaanites were more honest than the Israelites.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The soul:

Genesis 34:3 And his soul clave unto Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the damsel, and spake kindly unto the damsel.
1 Kings 11:2 Of the nations [concerning] which the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: [for] surely they will turn away your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these in love.
Psalms 63:1 [[A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah.]] O God, thou [art] my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is;
Psalms 84:2 My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for the courts of the LORD: my heart and my flesh crieth out for the living God.
Psalms 119:20 My soul breaketh for the longing [that it hath] unto thy judgments at all times.
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Gn 34:3. 1K 11:2. Ps 63:1; 84:2; 119:20.

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