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Genesis 37:29 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Reuben returned unto the pit; and, behold, Joseph was not in the pit; and he rent his clothes.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Reuben returned unto the pit; and, behold, Joseph [was] not in the pit; and he rent his clothes.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now Reuben returned to the pit, and behold, Joseph was not in the pit; so he tore his garments.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Reuben returned to the pit; and behold, Joseph [was] not in the pit: and he rent his clothes.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Reuben returned to the pit, and behold, Joseph [was] not in the pit; and he rent his garments,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Reuben returned unto the pit, and lo! Joseph was not in the pit,—so he rent his clothes;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Reuben returneth unto the pit, and lo, Joseph is not in the pit, and he rendeth his garments,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Ruben returning to the pit, found not the boy:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Reuben returned vnto the pit, and behold, Ioseph was not in the pit: and he rent his clothes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Reuben{gr.Ruben} returned to the pit, and sees not Joseph in the pit; and he rent his garments.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Reuven returned unto the pit; and, behold, Yosef [was] not in the pit; and he rent his clothes.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Rvn רְאוּבֵן 7205
{7205} Prime
רְאוּבֵן
R@'uwben
{reh-oo-bane'}
From the imperative of H7200 and H1121; see ye a son; Reuben, a son of Jacob.
returned 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the pit; 953
{0953} Prime
בּוֹר
bowr
{bore}
From H0952 (in the sense of H0877); a pit hole (especially one used as a cistern or prison).
and, behold, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
Ysf יוֹסֵף 3130
{3130} Prime
יוֹסֵף
Yowceph
{yo-safe'}
Future of H3254; let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
[was] not x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
in the pit; 953
{0953} Prime
בּוֹר
bowr
{bore}
From H0952 (in the sense of H0877); a pit hole (especially one used as a cistern or prison).
and he rent 7167
{7167} Prime
קָרַע
qara`
{kaw-rah'}
A primitive root; to rend, literally or figuratively (revile, paint the eyes, as if enlarging them).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his clothes. 899
{0899} Prime
בֶּגֶד
beged
{behg'-ed}
From H0898; a covering, that is, clothing; also treachery or pillage.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 37:29-30

_ _ Reuben returned unto the pit — He seems to have designedly taken a circuitous route, with a view of secretly rescuing the poor lad from a lingering death by starvation. His intentions were excellent, and his feelings no doubt painfully lacerated when he discovered what had been done in his absence. But the thing was of God, who had designed that Joseph’s deliverance should be accomplished by other means than his.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 37:23-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he rent:

Genesis 37:34 And Jacob rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his loins, and mourned for his son many days.
Genesis 34:13 And the sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully, and said, because he had defiled Dinah their sister:
Numbers 14:6 And Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, [which were] of them that searched the land, rent their clothes:
Judges 11:35 And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back.
2 Kings 19:1 And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah heard [it], that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the house of the LORD.
Job 1:20 Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground, and worshipped,
Joel 2:13 And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the LORD your God: for he [is] gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil.
Acts 14:14 [Which] when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard [of], they rent their clothes, and ran in among the people, crying out,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 34:13; 37:34. Nu 14:6. Jg 11:35. 2K 19:1. Jb 1:20. Jol 2:13. Ac 14:14.

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