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Genesis 37:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of many colors.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he [was] the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of [many] colours.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons, because he was the son of his old age; and he made him a varicolored tunic.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he [was] the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of [many] colors.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons, because he was son of his old age; and he made him a vest of many colours.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, Israel, loved Joseph more than any of his sons, because he was to him, the son of his old age,—and he had made him, a long tunic.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Israel hath loved Joseph more than any of his sons, for he [is] a son of his old age, and hath made for him a long coat;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now Israel loved Joseph above all his sons, because he had him in his old age: and he made him a coat of divers colours.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now Israel loued Ioseph more then all his children, because he was the sonne of his old age: and he made him a coat of many colours.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Jacob loved Joseph more than all his sons, because he was to him the son of old age; and he made for him a coat of many colours.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now Yisrael loved Yosef more than all his children, because he [was] the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of [many] colours.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
loved 157
{0157} Prime
אָהַב
'ahab
{aw-hab'}
A primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Ysf יוֹסֵף 3130
{3130} Prime
יוֹסֵף
Yowceph
{yo-safe'}
Future of H3254; let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
more than all x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
his children, 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
because x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[was] the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of his old age: 2208
{2208} Prime
זָקוּן
zaqun
{zaw-koon'}
Properly passive participle of H2204 (used only in the plural as a noun); old age.
and he made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
him a coat 3801
{3801} Prime
כְּתֹּנֶת
k@thoneth
{keth-o'-neth}
From an unused root meaning to cover (compare H3802); a shirt.
of [many] colours. 6446
{6446} Prime
פַּס
pac
{pas}
From H6461; properly the palm (of the hand) or sole (of the foot), (compare H6447); by implication (plural) a long and sleeved tunic (perhaps simply a wide one; from the original sense of the root, that is, of many breadths).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 37:3

_ _ son of his old age — Benjamin being younger, was more the son of his old age and consequently on that ground might have been expected to be the favorite. Literally rendered, it is “son of old age to him” — Hebrew phrase, for “a wise son” — one who possessed observation and wisdom above his years — an old head on young shoulders.

_ _ made him a coat of many colors — formed in those early days by sewing together patches of colored cloth, and considered a dress of distinction (Judges 5:30; 2 Samuel 13:18). The passion for various colors still reigns among the Arabs and other people of the East, who are fond of dressing their children in this gaudy attire. But since the art of interweaving various patterns was introduced, “the coats of colors” are different now from what they seem to have been in patriarchal times, and bear a close resemblance to the varieties of tartan.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 37:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 37:3

He made him a coat of divers colours — Which probably was significant of farther honours intended him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
loved:

John 3:35 The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand.
John 13:22-23 Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom he spake. ... Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

son:

Genesis 44:20-30 And we said unto my lord, We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him. ... Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lad [be] not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad's life;

a coat:

Genesis 37:23 And it came to pass, when Joseph was come unto his brethren, that they stript Joseph out of his coat, [his] coat of [many] colours that [was] on him;
Genesis 37:32 And they sent the coat of [many] colours, and they brought [it] to their father; and said, This have we found: know now whether it [be] thy son's coat or no.
Judges 5:30 Have they not sped? have they [not] divided the prey; to every man a damsel [or] two; to Sisera a prey of divers colours, a prey of divers colours of needlework, of divers colours of needlework on both sides, [meet] for the necks of [them that take] the spoil?
2 Samuel 13:18 And [she had] a garment of divers colours upon her: for with such robes were the king's daughters [that were] virgins apparelled. Then his servant brought her out, and bolted the door after her.
Psalms 45:13-14 The king's daughter [is] all glorious within: her clothing [is] of wrought gold. ... She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.
Ezekiel 16:16 And of thy garments thou didst take, and deckedst thy high places with divers colours, and playedst the harlot thereupon: [the like things] shall not come, neither shall it be [so].

colours:
Kethoneth passim, a coat made of stripes of different coloured cloth.
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Gn 37:23, 32; 44:20. Jg 5:30. 2S 13:18. Ps 45:13. Ezk 16:16. Jn 3:35; 13:22.

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