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Genesis 37:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it to his brethren: and they hated him yet the more.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told [it] his brethren: and they hated him yet the more.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Joseph had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers, they hated him even more.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told [it] to his brethren: and they hated him yet the more.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Joseph dreamed a dream, and told [it] to his brethren, and they hated him yet the more.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Joseph dreamed a dream, and told it to his brethren,—and they went on yet more to hate him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Joseph dreameth a dream, and declareth to his brethren, and they add still more to hate him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now it fell out also that he told his brethren a dream, that he had dreamed: which occasioned them to hate him the more.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Ioseph dreamed a dreame, and he told it his brethren, and they hated him yet the more.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Joseph dreamed a dream, and reported it to his brethren.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yosef dreamed a dream, and he told [it] his brethren: and they hated him yet the more.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Ysf יוֹסֵף 3130
{3130} Prime
יוֹסֵף
Yowceph
{yo-safe'}
Future of H3254; let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
dreamed 2492
{2492} Prime
חָלַם
chalam
{khaw-lam'}
A primitive root; properly to bind firmly, that is, (by implication) to be (causatively to make) plump; also (through the figurative sense of dumbness) to dream.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a dream, 2472
{2472} Prime
חֲלוֹם
chalowm
{khal-ome'}
From H2492; a dream.
and he told 5046
{5046} Prime
נָגַד
nagad
{naw-gad'}
A primitive root; properly to front, that is, stand boldly out opposite; by implication (causatively), to manifest; figuratively to announce (always by word of mouth to one present); specifically to expose, predict, explain, praise.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
[it] his brethren: 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
and they hated 8130
{8130} Prime
שָׂנֵא
sane'
{saw-nay'}
A primitive root; to hate (personally).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
him yet x5750
(5750) Complement
עוֹד
`owd
{ode}
From H5749; properly iteration or continuance; used only adverbially (with or without preposition), again, repeatedly, still, more.
the more. 3254
{3254} Prime
יָסַף
yacaph
{yaw-saf'}
A primitive root; to add or augment (often adverbially to continue to do a thing).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 37:5

_ _ Genesis 37:5-36. The dreams of Joseph.

_ _ Joseph dreamed a dream — Dreams in ancient times were much attended to, and hence the dream of Joseph, though but a mere boy, engaged the serious consideration of his family. But this dream was evidently symbolical. The meaning was easily discerned, and, from its being repeated under different emblems, the fulfilment was considered certain (compare Genesis 41:32), whence it was that “his brethren envied him, but his father observed the saying” [Genesis 37:11].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 37:5-11

_ _ Here, I. Joseph relates the prophetical dreams he had, Genesis 37:6, Genesis 37:7, Genesis 37:9, Genesis 37:10. Though he was now very young (about seventeen years old), yet he was pious and devout, and well-inclined, and this fitted him for God's gracious discoveries of himself to him. Joseph had a great deal of trouble before him, and therefore God gave him betimes this prospect of his advancement, to support and comfort him under the long and grievous troubles with which he was to be exercised. Thus Christ had a joy set before him, and so have Christians. Note, God has ways of preparing his people beforehand for the trials which they cannot foresee, but which he has an eye to in the comforts with which he furnishes them. His dreams were, 1. That his brethren's sheaves all bowed to his, intimating upon what occasion they should be brought to do homage to him, namely, in seeking to him for corn; their empty sheaves should bow to his full one. 2. That the sun, and moon, and eleven stars, did obeisance to him, Genesis 37:9. Joseph was more of a prophet than a politician, else he would have kept this to himself, when he could not but know that his brethren did already hate him and that this would but the more exasperate them. But, if he told it in his simplicity, yet God directed it for the mortification of his brethren. Observe, Joseph dreamed of his preferment, but he did not dream of his imprisonment. Thus many young people, when they are setting out in the world, think of nothing but prosperity and pleasure, and never dream of trouble.

_ _ II. His brethren take it very ill, and are more and more enraged against him (Genesis 37:8): Shalt thou indeed reign over us? See here, 1. How truly they interpreted his dream, that he should reign over them. Those become the expositors of his dream who were enemies to the accomplishment of it, as in Gideon's story (Judges 7:13, Judges 7:14); they perceived that he spoke of them, Matthew 21:45. The event exactly answered to this interpretation, Genesis 42:6, etc. 2. How scornfully they resented it: “Shalt thou, who are but one, reign over us, who are many? Thou, who are the youngest, over us who are older?” Note, The reign and dominion of Jesus Christ, our Joseph, have been, and are, despised and striven against by a carnal and unbelieving world, who cannot endure to think that this man should reign over them. The dominion also of the upright, in the morning of the resurrection, is thought of with the utmost disdain.

_ _ III. His father gives him a gentle rebuke for it, yet observes the saying, Genesis 37:10, Genesis 37:11. Probably he checked him for it, to lessen the offence which his brethren would be apt to take at it; yet he took notice of it more than he seemed to do: he insinuated that it was but an idle dream, because his mother was brought in, who had been dead some time since; whereas the sun, moon, and eleven stars, signify no more than the whole family that should have a dependence upon him, and be glad to be beholden to him. Note, The faith of God's people in God's promises is often sorely shaken by their misunderstanding the promises and then suggesting the improbabilities that attend the performance; but God is doing his own work, and will do it, whether we understand him aright or no. Jacob, like Mary (Luke 2:51), kept these things in his heart, and no doubt remembered them long afterwards, when the event answered to the prediction.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 37:5

Though he was now very young, about seventeen years old, yet he was pious and devout, and this fitted him for God's gracious discoveries to him. Joseph had a great deal of trouble before him, and therefore God gave him betimes this prospect of his advancement, to support and comfort him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 37:5

And Joseph (c) dreamed a dream, and he told [it] his brethren: and they hated him yet the more.

(c) God revealed to him by a dream what should come to pass.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
dreamed:

Genesis 37:9 And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me.
Genesis 28:12 And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it.
Genesis 40:5 And they dreamed a dream both of them, each man his dream in one night, each man according to the interpretation of his dream, the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt, which [were] bound in the prison.
Genesis 41:1 And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river.
Genesis 42:9 And Joseph remembered the dreams which he dreamed of them, and said unto them, Ye [are] spies; to see the nakedness of the land ye are come.
Numbers 12:6 And he said, Hear now my words: If there be a prophet among you, [I] the LORD will make myself known unto him in a vision, [and] will speak unto him in a dream.
Judges 7:13-14 And when Gideon was come, behold, [there was] a man that told a dream unto his fellow, and said, Behold, I dreamed a dream, and, lo, a cake of barley bread tumbled into the host of Midian, and came unto a tent, and smote it that it fell, and overturned it, that the tent lay along. ... And his fellow answered and said, This [is] nothing else save the sword of Gideon the son of Joash, a man of Israel: [for] into his hand hath God delivered Midian, and all the host.
1 Kings 3:5 In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream by night: and God said, Ask what I shall give thee.
Psalms 25:14 The secret of the LORD [is] with them that fear him; and he will shew them his covenant.
Daniel 2:1 And in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams, wherewith his spirit was troubled, and his sleep brake from him.
Daniel 4:5 I saw a dream which made me afraid, and the thoughts upon my bed and the visions of my head troubled me.
Joel 2:28 And it shall come to pass afterward, [that] I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:
Amos 3:7 Surely the Lord GOD will do nothing, but he revealeth his secret unto his servants the prophets.

and they:

Genesis 37:4 And when his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him, and could not speak peaceably unto him.
Genesis 37:8 And his brethren said to him, Shalt thou indeed reign over us? or shalt thou indeed have dominion over us? And they hated him yet the more for his dreams, and for his words.
Genesis 49:23 The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot [at him], and hated him:
John 17:14 I have given them thy word; and the world hath hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 28:12; 37:4, 8, 9; 40:5; 41:1; 42:9; 49:23. Nu 12:6. Jg 7:13. 1K 3:5. Ps 25:14. Dn 2:1; 4:5. Jol 2:28. Am 3:7. Jn 17:14.

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