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Genesis 38:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Judah sent the kid of the goats by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive the pledge from the woman's hand: but he found her not.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Judah sent the kid by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive [his] pledge from the woman's hand: but he found her not.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When Judah sent the young goat by his friend the Adullamite, to receive the pledge from the woman’s hand, he did not find her.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Judah sent the kid by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive [his] pledge from the woman's hand: but he found her not.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Judah sent the kid of the goats by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive the pledge from the woman's hand; but he found her not.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Judah sent the kid of the goats, by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive the pledge, at the hand of the woman,—but he found her not.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Judah sendeth the kid of the goats by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive the pledge from the hand of the woman, and he hath not found her.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Juda sent a kid by his shepherd, the Odollamite, that he might receive the pledge again, which he had given to the woman: but he, not finding her,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Iudah sent the kidde by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive [his] pledge from the womans hand: but he found her not.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Judah{gr.Judas} sent the kid of the goats by the hand of his shepherd the Adullamite{gr.Odollamite}, to receive the pledge from the woman; and he found her not.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yehudah sent the kid by the hand of his friend the Adullami, to receive [his] pledge from the woman's hand: but he found her not.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Yh יְהוּדָה 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
sent 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the kid 1423
{1423} Prime
גְּדִי
g@diy
{ghed-ee'}
From the same as H1415; a young goat (from browsing).
5795
{5795} Prime
עֵז
`ez
{aze}
From H5810; a she goat (as strong), but masculine in plural (which also is used elliptically for goats' hair).
by the hand 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
of his friend 7453
{7453} Prime
רֵעַ
rea`
{ray'-ah}
From H7462; an associate (more or less close).
the `ullm עֲדֻלָּמִי, 5726
{5726} Prime
עֲדֻלָּמִי
`Adullamiy
{ad-ool-law-mee'}
Patrial from H5725; an Adullamite or native of Adullam.
to receive 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
[his] pledge 6162
{6162} Prime
עֵרָבוֹן
`arabown
{ar-aw-bone'}
From H6148 (in the sense of exchange); a pawn (given as security).
from the woman's 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
hand: 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
but he found x4672
(4672) Complement
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
her y4672
[4672] Standard
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not. x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 38:12-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 38:20

And Judah sent the kid by the hand of his (f) friend the Adullamite, to receive [his] pledge from the woman's hand: but he found her not.

(f) That his wickedness might not be known to others.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
his friend:

Genesis 20:9 Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said unto him, What hast thou done unto us? and what have I offended thee, that thou hast brought on me and on my kingdom a great sin? thou hast done deeds unto me that ought not to be done.
Leviticus 19:17 Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him.
Judges 14:20 But Samson's wife was [given] to his companion, whom he had used as his friend.
2 Samuel 13:3 But Amnon had a friend, whose name [was] Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother: and Jonadab [was] a very subtil man.
Luke 23:12 And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.
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Gn 20:9. Lv 19:17. Jg 14:20. 2S 13:3. Lk 23:12.

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