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Genesis 38:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Judah said unto Onan, Go in unto thy brother's wife, and perform the duty of a husband's brother unto her, and raise up seed to thy brother.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Judah said unto Onan, Go in unto thy brother's wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to thy brother.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Judah said to Onan, “Go in to your brother’s wife, and perform your duty as a brother-in-law to her, and raise up offspring for your brother.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Judah said to Onan, Go in to thy brother's wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to thy brother.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then Judah said to Onan, Go in to thy brother's wife, and fulfil to her the brother-in-law's duty, and raise up seed to thy brother.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then said Judah to Onan, Go in unto thy brother's wife, and fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law unto her,—and raise up seed, to thy brother.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Judah saith to Onan, 'Go in unto the wife of thy brother, and marry her, and raise up seed to thy brother;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Juda, therefore, said to Onan his son: Go in to thy brother's wife and marry her, that thou mayst raise seed to thy brother.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Iudah said vnto Onan, Goe in vnto thy brothers wife, and marrie her, and raise vp seed to thy brother.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Judah{gr.Judas} said to Onon{gr.Aunan}, Go in to thy brother's wife, and marry her as her brother-in-law, and raise up seed to thy brother.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yehudah said unto Onan, Go in unto thy brother's wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to thy brother.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Yh יְהוּדָה 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto nn אוֹנָן, 209
{0209} Prime
אוֹנָן
'Ownan
{o-nawn'}
A variation of H0207; strong; Onan, a son of Judah.
Go in 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
thy brother's 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
wife, 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
and marry 2992
{2992} Prime
יָבַם
yabam
{yaw-bam'}
A primitive root of doubtful meaning; used only as a denominative from H2993; to marry a (deceased) brother's widow.
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
her, and raise up 6965
{6965} Prime
קוּם
quwm
{koom}
A primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literally, figuratively, intensively and causatively).
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
seed 2233
{2233} Prime
זֶרַע
zera`
{zeh'-rah}
From H2232; seed; figuratively fruit, plant, sowing time, posterity.
to thy brother. 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 38:8

_ _ Judah said unto Onan ... marry her, and raise up seed to thy brother — The first instance of a custom, which was afterwards incorporated among the laws of Moses, that when a husband died leaving a widow, his brother next of age was to marry her, and the issue, if any, was to be served heir to the deceased (compare Deuteronomy 25:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 38:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 38:8

And Judah said unto Onan, Go in unto thy brother's wife, and marry her, and raise (c) up seed to thy brother.

(c) This order was for the preservation of the stock, since the child begotten by the second brother would have the name and inheritance of the first: a practice which is abolished in the New Testament.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 2282, bc 1722,
Leviticus 18:16 Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy brother's wife: it [is] thy brother's nakedness.
Numbers 36:8-9 And every daughter, that possesseth an inheritance in any tribe of the children of Israel, shall be wife unto one of the family of the tribe of her father, that the children of Israel may enjoy every man the inheritance of his fathers. ... Neither shall the inheritance remove from [one] tribe to another tribe; but every one of the tribes of the children of Israel shall keep himself to his own inheritance.
Deuteronomy 25:5-10 If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without unto a stranger: her husband's brother shall go in unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband's brother unto her. ... And his name shall be called in Israel, The house of him that hath his shoe loosed.
Ruth 1:11 And Naomi said, Turn again, my daughters: why will ye go with me? [are] there yet [any more] sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands?
Ruth 4:5-11 Then said Boaz, What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi, thou must buy [it] also of Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance. ... And all the people that [were] in the gate, and the elders, said, [We are] witnesses. The LORD make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem:
Matthew 22:23-27 The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him, ... And last of all the woman died also.
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Lv 18:16. Nu 36:8. Dt 25:5. Ru 1:11; 4:5. Mt 22:23.

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