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Genesis 39:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Joseph's master took him, and put him into the prison, the place where the king's prisoners were bound: and he was there in the prison.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Joseph's master took him, and put him into the prison, a place where the king's prisoners [were] bound: and he was there in the prison.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So Joseph’s master took him and put him into the jail, the place where the king’s prisoners were confined; and he was there in the jail.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Joseph's master took him, and put him into the prison, a place where the king's prisoners [were] bound: and he was there in the prison.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Joseph's lord took him and put him into the tower-house, [the] place where the king's prisoners were confined; and he was there in the tower-house.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So Joseph's lord took him, and delivered him up to the prison, the place where, the prisoners of the king, were imprisoned,—so he was there, in the prison.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Joseph's lord taketh him, and putteth him unto the round-house, a place where the king's prisoners [are] bound; and he is there in the round-house.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And cast Joseph into the prison, where the king's prisoners were kept, and he was there shut up.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Iosephs master tooke him, and put him into the prison, a place, where ye kings prisoners were bound: and he was there in the prison.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And his master took Joseph, and cast him into the prison, into the place where the king's prisoners are kept, there in the prison.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yosef's adon took him, and put him into the prison, a place where the king's prisoners [were] bound: and he was there in the prison.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Ysf's יוֹסֵף 3130
{3130} Prime
יוֹסֵף
Yowceph
{yo-safe'}
Future of H3254; let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
n אֲדוֹן 113
{0113} Prime
אָדוֹן
'adown
{aw-done'}
From an unused root (meaning to rule); sovereign, that is, controller (human or divine).
took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him, and put x5414
(5414) Complement
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
him y5414
[5414] Standard
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
into x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the prison, 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
5470
{5470} Prime
סֹהַר
cohar
{so'-har}
From the same as H5469; a dungeon (as surrounded by walls).
a place 4725
{4725} Prime
מָקוֹם
maqowm
{maw-kome'}
From H6965; properly a standing, that is, a spot; but used widely of a locality (generally or specifically); also (figuratively) of a condition (of body or mind).
where x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
the king's 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
prisoners 615
{0615} Prime
אָסִיר
'aciyr
{aw-sere'}
From H0631; bound, that is, a captive.
[were] bound: 631
{0631} Prime
אָסַר
'acar
{aw-sar'}
A primitive root; to yoke or hitch; by analogy to fasten in any sense, to join battle.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
and he was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
there x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
in the prison. 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
5470
{5470} Prime
סֹהַר
cohar
{so'-har}
From the same as H5469; a dungeon (as surrounded by walls).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 39:20

_ _ Joseph’s master took him, and put him into the prison — the roundhouse, from the form of its construction, usually attached to the dwelling of such an officer as Potiphar. It was partly a subterranean dungeon (Genesis 41:14), though the brick-built walls rose considerably above the surface of the ground, and were surmounted by a vaulted roof somewhat in the form of an inverted bowl. Into such a dungeon Potiphar, in the first ebullition of rage, threw Joseph and ordered him to be subjected further to as great harshness of treatment (Psalms 105:18) as he dared; for the power of masters over their slaves was very properly restrained by law, and the murder of a slave was a capital crime.

_ _ a place where the king’s prisoners were bound — Though prisons seem to have been an inseparable appendage of the palaces, this was not a common jail — it was the receptacle of state criminals; and, therefore, it may be presumed that more than ordinary strictness and vigilance were exercised over the prisoners. In general, however, the Egyptian, like other Oriental prisons, were used solely for the purposes of detention. Accused persons were cast into them until the charges against them could be investigated; and though the jailer was responsible for the appearance of those placed under his custody, yet, provided they were produced when called, he was never interrogated as to the way in which he had kept them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 39:19-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 39:20

Where the king's prisoners were bound — Potiphar, it is likely, chose that prison because it was the worst; for there the irons entered into the soul, Psalms 105:18, but God designed it to pave the way to his enlargement. Our Lord Jesus, like Joseph was bound, and numbered with the transgressors.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 39:20

And Joseph's master took him, and put him into the (i) prison, a place where the king's prisoners [were] bound: and he was there in the prison.

(i) His bad treatment in the prison may be gathered from (Psalms 105:18).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
into the prison:
Baith hassohar, "the round house," from the form of the building according to some; or, "the watch or guard house," from the Arabic sahara, to watch, according to others.
Genesis 40:15 For indeed I was stolen away out of the land of the Hebrews: and here also have I done nothing that they should put me into the dungeon.
Genesis 41:14 Then Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and they brought him hastily out of the dungeon: and he shaved [himself], and changed his raiment, and came in unto Pharaoh.
Psalms 105:18-19 Whose feet they hurt with fetters: he was laid in iron: ... Until the time that his word came: the word of the LORD tried him.
Isaiah 53:8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.
Daniel 3:21-22 Then these men were bound in their coats, their hosen, and their hats, and their [other] garments, and were cast into the midst of the burning fiery furnace. ... Therefore because the king's commandment was urgent, and the furnace exceeding hot, the flame of the fire slew those men that took up Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego.
2 Timothy 2:9 Wherein I suffer trouble, as an evil doer, [even] unto bonds; but the word of God is not bound.
1 Peter 2:19 For this [is] thankworthy, if a man for conscience toward God endure grief, suffering wrongfully.

the king's:

Genesis 40:1-3 And it came to pass after these things, [that] the butler of the king of Egypt and [his] baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt. ... And he put them in ward in the house of the captain of the guard, into the prison, the place where Joseph [was] bound.
Genesis 40:15 For indeed I was stolen away out of the land of the Hebrews: and here also have I done nothing that they should put me into the dungeon.
Genesis 41:9-14 Then spake the chief butler unto Pharaoh, saying, I do remember my faults this day: ... Then Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and they brought him hastily out of the dungeon: and he shaved [himself], and changed his raiment, and came in unto Pharaoh.
Psalms 76:10 Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee: the remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain.
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Gn 40:1, 15; 41:9, 14. Ps 76:10; 105:18. Is 53:8. Dn 3:21. 2Ti 2:9. 1P 2:19.

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