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Genesis 39:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But Jehovah was with Joseph, and showed kindness unto him, and gave him favor in the sight of the keeper of the prison.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But the LORD was with Joseph, and shewed him mercy, and gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But the LORD was with Joseph and extended kindness to him, and gave him favor in the sight of the chief jailer.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But the LORD was with Joseph, and showed him mercy, and gave him favor in the sight of the keeper of the prison.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jehovah was with Joseph, and extended mercy to him, and gave him favour in the eyes of the chief of the tower-house.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And it came to pass, that, Yahweh, was with Joseph, and extended unto him lovingkindness,—and gave him his favour in the eyes of the chief of the prison.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jehovah is with Joseph, and stretcheth out kindness unto him, and putteth his grace in the eyes of the chief of the round-house;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But the Lord was with Joseph, and having mercy upon him gave him favour in the sight of the chief keeper of the prison:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But the LORD was with Ioseph, and shewed him mercie, and gaue him fauour in the sight of the keeper of the prison.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Lord was with Joseph, and poured down mercy upon him; and he gave him favour in the sight of the chief keeper of the prison.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But Yahweh was with Yosef, and shewed him mercy, and gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
Ysf יוֹסֵף, 3130
{3130} Prime
יוֹסֵף
Yowceph
{yo-safe'}
Future of H3254; let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
and shewed 5186
{5186} Prime
נָטָה
natah
{naw-taw'}
A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
him mercy, 2617
{2617} Prime
חֶסֶד
checed
{kheh'-sed}
From H2616; kindness; by implication (towards God) piety; rarely (by opprobrium) reproof, or (subjectively) beauty.
and gave 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him favour 2580
{2580} Prime
חֵן
chen
{khane}
From H2603; graciousness, that is, subjectively (kindness, favor) or objectively (beauty).
in the sight 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
of the keeper 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
of the prison. 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
5470
{5470} Prime
סֹהַר
cohar
{so'-har}
From the same as H5469; a dungeon (as surrounded by walls).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 39:21-23

_ _ The Lord ... gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison, etc. — It is highly probable, from the situation of this prison (Genesis 40:3), that the keeper might have been previously acquainted with Joseph and have had access to know his innocence of the crime laid to his charge, as well as with all the high integrity of his character. That may partly account for his showing so much kindness and confidence to his prisoner. But there was a higher influence at work; for “the Lord was with Joseph, and that which he did, the Lord made it to prosper.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 39:19-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 39:21

But the Lord was with Joseph and shewed him mercy. God despiseth not his prisoners, Psalms 69:33. No gates nor bars can shut out his gracious presence from his people. God gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison — God can raise up friends for his people even where they little expect them. The keeper saw that God was with him, and that every thing prospered under his hand, and therefore intrusted him with the management of the affairs of the prison.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the LORD[YHWH]:

Genesis 39:2 And the LORD was with Joseph, and he was a prosperous man; and he was in the house of his master the Egyptian.
Genesis 21:22 And it came to pass at that time, that Abimelech and Phichol the chief captain of his host spake unto Abraham, saying, God [is] with thee in all that thou doest:
Genesis 49:23-24 The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot [at him], and hated him: ... But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty [God] of Jacob; (from thence [is] the shepherd, the stone of Israel:)
Isaiah 41:10 Fear thou not; for I [am] with thee: be not dismayed; for I [am] thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.
Isaiah 43:2 When thou passest through the waters, I [will be] with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.
Daniel 6:22 My God hath sent his angel, and hath shut the lions' mouths, that they have not hurt me: forasmuch as before him innocency was found in me; and also before thee, O king, have I done no hurt.
Romans 8:31-32 What shall we then say to these things? If God [be] for us, who [can be] against us? ... He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
Romans 8:37 Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us.
1 Peter 3:13-14 And who [is] he that will harm you, if ye be followers of that which is good? ... But and if ye suffer for righteousness' sake, happy [are ye]: and be not afraid of their terror, neither be troubled;
1 Peter 3:17 For [it is] better, if the will of God be so, that ye suffer for well doing, than for evil doing.
1 Peter 4:14-16 If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy [are ye]; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified. ... Yet if [any man suffer] as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God on this behalf.

showed him mercy:
Heb. extended kindness unto him

gave him:

Genesis 40:3 And he put them in ward in the house of the captain of the guard, into the prison, the place where Joseph [was] bound.
Exodus 3:21 And I will give this people favour in the sight of the Egyptians: and it shall come to pass, that, when ye go, ye shall not go empty:
Exodus 11:3 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses [was] very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh's servants, and in the sight of the people.
Exodus 12:36 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them [such things as they required]. And they spoiled the Egyptians.
Psalms 105:19 Until the time that his word came: the word of the LORD tried him.
Psalms 105:22 To bind his princes at his pleasure; and teach his senators wisdom.
Psalms 106:46 He made them also to be pitied of all those that carried them captives.
Proverbs 16:7 When a man's ways please the LORD, he maketh even his enemies to be at peace with him.
Daniel 1:9 Now God had brought Daniel into favour and tender love with the prince of the eunuchs.
Acts 7:9-10 And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him, ... And delivered him out of all his afflictions, and gave him favour and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and he made him governor over Egypt and all his house.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 21:22; 39:2; 40:3; 49:23. Ex 3:21; 11:3; 12:36. Ps 105:19, 22; 106:46. Pv 16:7. Is 41:10; 43:2. Dn 1:9; 6:22. Ac 7:9. Ro 8:31, 37. 1P 3:13, 17; 4:14.

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