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Genesis 4:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood is crying to Me from the ground.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth to me from the ground.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood is crying to me from the ground.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he said, What hast thou done? With a voice, the shed-blood of thy brother is crying out to me from the ground.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And He saith, 'What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood is crying unto Me from the ground;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he said to him: What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth to me from the earth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he said, What hast thou done? the voyce of thy brothers blood cryeth vnto me, from the ground.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Lord said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood cries to me out of the ground.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
What 4100
{4100} Prime
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
hast thou done? 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the voice 6963
{6963} Prime
קוֹל
qowl
{kole}
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
of thy brother's 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
blood 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
crieth 6817
{6817} Prime
צָעַק
tsa`aq
{tsaw-ak'}
A primitive root; to shriek; (by implication) to proclaim (an assembly).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
me from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the ground. 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 4:10

_ _ the voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto me — Cain, to lull suspicion, had probably been engaging in the solemnities of religion when he was challenged directly from the Shekinah itself.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 4:9-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 4:10

And he said, What hast thou done? — Thou thinkest to conceal it, but the evidence against thee is clear and uncontestable, the voice of thy brother's blood crieth — He speaks as if the blood itself were both witness and prosecutor, because God's own knowledge testified against him, and God's own justice demanded satisfaction. The blood is said to cry from the ground, the earth, which is said, Genesis 4:11, to open her mouth to receive his brother's blood from his hand. The earth did as it were blush to see her own face stained with such blood; and therefore opened her mouth to hide that which she could not hinder.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 4:10

And he said, What hast thou done? the (i) voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.

(i) God avenges the wrongs against his saints, though no one complains: for the iniquity itself cries for vengeance.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
What:

Genesis 3:13 And the LORD God said unto the woman, What [is] this [that] thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.
Joshua 7:19 And Joshua said unto Achan, My son, give, I pray thee, glory to the LORD God of Israel, and make confession unto him; and tell me now what thou hast done; hide [it] not from me.
Psalms 50:21 These [things] hast thou done, and I kept silence; thou thoughtest that I was altogether [such an one] as thyself: [but] I will reprove thee, and set [them] in order before thine eyes.

blood:
Heb. bloods

crieth:

Genesis 18:20 And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;
Exodus 3:7 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which [are] in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows;
2 Kings 9:26 Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth, and the blood of his sons, saith the LORD; and I will requite thee in this plat, saith the LORD. Now therefore take [and] cast him into the plat [of ground], according to the word of the LORD.
Job 16:18 O earth, cover not thou my blood, and let my cry have no place.
Job 24:12 Men groan from out of the city, and the soul of the wounded crieth out: yet God layeth not folly [to them].
Job 31:38-39 If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain; ... If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:
Psalms 9:12 When he maketh inquisition for blood, he remembereth them: he forgetteth not the cry of the humble.
Psalms 72:14 He shall redeem their soul from deceit and violence: and precious shall their blood be in his sight.
Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.
Acts 5:3 But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back [part] of the price of the land?
Acts 5:9 Then Peter said unto her, How is it that ye have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? behold, the feet of them which have buried thy husband [are] at the door, and shall carry thee out.
Hebrews 11:4 By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.
Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than [that of] Abel.
James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.
Revelation 6:10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:13; 18:20. Ex 3:7. Jsh 7:19. 2K 9:26. Jb 16:18; 24:12; 31:38. Ps 9:12; 50:21; 72:14. Is 5:7. Ac 5:3, 9. He 11:4; 12:24. Jm 5:4. Rv 6:10.

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