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Genesis 4:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And now cursed art thou from the ground, which hath opened its mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And now [art] thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And now [art] thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And now be thou cursed from the ground, which hath opened its mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, therefore, accursed, art thou,—from the ground, which hath opened her mouth, to receive the shed-blood of thy brother at thy hand.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and now, cursed [art] thou from the ground, which hath opened her mouth to receive the blood of thy brother from thy hand;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now therefore cursed shalt thou be upon the earth, which hath opened her mouth and received the blood of thy brother at thy hand.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And now [art] thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receiue thy brothers blood from thy hand.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And now thou [art] cursed from the earth which has opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And now [art] thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And now x6258
(6258) Complement
אַתָּה
`attah
{at-taw'}
From H6256; at this time, whether adverbial, conjugational or expletive.
[art] thou x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
cursed 779
{0779} Prime
אָרַר
'arar
{aw-rar'}
A primitive root; to execrate.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the earth, 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
hath opened 6475
{6475} Prime
פָּצָה
patsah
{paw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to rend, that is, open (especially the mouth).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
her mouth 6310
{6310} Prime
פֶּה
peh
{peh}
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
to receive 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
thy brother's 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
blood 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
from thy hand; 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 4:11-12

_ _ now art thou cursed from the earth — a curse superadded to the general one denounced on the ground for Adam’s sin.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 4:9-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 4:11

And now art thou cursed from the earth — 1. He is cursed, separated to all evil, laid under the wrath of God, as it is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men. 2. He is cursed from the earth. Thence the cry came up to God, thence the curse came up to Cain. God could have taken vengeance by an immediate stroke from heaven: but he chose to make the earth the avenger of blood; to continue him upon the earth, and not presently to cut him off; and yet to make even that his curse. That part of it which fell to his share, and which he had the occupation of, was made unfruitful, by the blood of Abel.

Besides, A fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth. By this he was here condemned, to perpetual disgrace and reproach, and to perpetual disquietment and horror in his own mind. His own guilty conscience should haunt him where ever he went.

Now to justify his complaint, Observe his descants upon the sentence. He sees himself excluded by it from the favour of his God; and concludes, that being cursed, he was hid from God's face, and that is indeed the true nature of God's curse; damned sinners find it so, to whom it is said, Depart from me ye cursed. Those are cursed indeed that are for ever shut out from God's love and care, and from all hopes of his grace. He sees himself expelled from all the comforts of this life; and concludes, Genesis 4:14. Thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth — As good have no place on earth as not have a settled place. Better rest in the grave than not rest at all. And from thy face shall I be hid — Shut out of the church, not admitted to come with the sons of God to present himself before the Lord. And it shall come to pass that every one that finds me shall slay me — Wherever he wanders he goes in peril of his life. There were none alive but his near relations, yet even of them he is justly afraid, who had himself been so barbarous to his own brother.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 4:11

And now [art] thou cursed (k) from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;

(k) The earth will be a witness against you, which mercifully received the blood you most cruelly shed.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Genesis 4:14 Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, [that] every one that findeth me shall slay me.
Genesis 3:14 And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou [art] cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:
Deuteronomy 27:16-26 Cursed [be] he that setteth light by his father or his mother. And all the people shall say, Amen. ... Cursed [be] he that confirmeth not [all] the words of this law to do them. And all the people shall say, Amen.
Deuteronomy 28:15-20 But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee: ... The LORD shall send upon thee cursing, vexation, and rebuke, in all that thou settest thine hand unto for to do, until thou be destroyed, and until thou perish quickly; because of the wickedness of thy doings, whereby thou hast forsaken me.
Deuteronomy 29:19-21 And it come to pass, when he heareth the words of this curse, that he bless himself in his heart, saying, I shall have peace, though I walk in the imagination of mine heart, to add drunkenness to thirst: ... And the LORD shall separate him unto evil out of all the tribes of Israel, according to all the curses of the covenant that are written in this book of the law:
Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.

opened:

Job 16:18 O earth, cover not thou my blood, and let my cry have no place.
Job 31:38-40 If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain; ... Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.
Isaiah 26:21 For, behold, the LORD cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity: the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain.
Revelation 12:16 And the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed up the flood which the dragon cast out of his mouth.
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Gn 3:14; 4:14. Dt 27:16; 28:15; 29:19. Jb 16:18; 31:38. Is 26:21. Ga 3:10. Rv 12:16.

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