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Genesis 4:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one [was] Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Lamech took to himself two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other, Zillah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Lamech took to him two wives: the name of the one [was] Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Lemech took two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the second, Zillah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Lamech took to himself two wives,—the name of the one, was Adah, and, the name of the second, Zillah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Lamech taketh to himself two wives, the name of the one Adah, and the name of the second Zillah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who took two wives: the name of the one was Ada, and the name of the other Sella.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Lamech tooke vnto him two wiues: the name of the one [was] Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Lamech took to himself two wives; the name of the one was Adah{gr.Ada}, and the name of the second Sella.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Lemekh took unto him two wives: the name of the one [was] Adah, and the name of the other Tzillah.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Lemeó לֶמֶך 3929
{3929} Prime
לֶמֶךְ
Lemek
{leh'-mek}
From an unused root of uncertain meaning; Lemek, the name of two antediluvian patriarchs.
took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto him two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
wives: 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
the name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
of the one 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
[was] `─­Ó עָדָה, 5711
{5711} Prime
עָדָה
`Adah
{aw-daw'}
From H5710; ornament; Adah, the name of two women.
and the name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
of the other 8145
{8145} Prime
שֵׁנִי
sheniy
{shay-nee'}
From H8138; properly double, that is, second; also adverbially again.
XillÓ צִלָּה. 6741
{6741} Prime
צִלָּה
Tsillah
{tsil-law'}
Feminine of H6738; Tsillah, an antediluvian woman.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 4:17-22.


Genesis 4:19

_ _ Lamech took unto him two wives — This is the first transgression of the law of marriage on record, and the practice of polygamy, like all other breaches of God’s institutions, has been a fruitful source of corruption and misery.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 4:19-22

_ _ We have here some particulars concerning Lamech, the seventh from Adam in the line of Cain. Observe,

_ _ I. His marrying two wives. It was one of the degenerate race of Cain who first transgressed that original law of marriage that two only should be one flesh. Hitherto one man had but one wife at a time; but Lamech took two. From the beginning it was not so. Malachi 2:15; Matthew 19:5. See here, 1. Those who desert God's church and ordinances lay themselves open to all manner of temptation. 2. When a bad custom is begun by bad men sometimes men of better characters are, through unwariness, drawn in to follow them. Jacob, David, and many others, who were otherwise good men, were afterwards ensnared in this sin which Lamech begun.

_ _ II. His happiness in his children, notwithstanding this. Though he sinned, in marrying two wives, yet he was blessed with children by both, and those such as lived to be famous in their generation, not for their piety, no mention is made of this (for aught that appears they were the heathen of that age), but for their ingenuity. They were not only themselves men of business, but men that were serviceable to the world, and eminent for the invention, or at least the improvement, of some useful arts. 1. Jabal was a famous shepherd; he delighted much in keeping cattle himself, and was so happy in devising methods of doing it to the best advantage, and instructing others in them, that the shepherds of those times, nay, the shepherds of after-times, called him father; or perhaps, his children after him being brought up to the same employment, the family was a family of shepherds. 2. Jubal was a famous musician, and particularly an organist, and the first that gave rules for the noble art or science of music. When Jabal had set them in a way to be rich, Jubal put them in a way to be merry. Those that spend their days in wealth will not be without the timbrel and harp, Job 21:12, Job 21:13. From his name, Jubal, probably the jubilee-trumpet was so called; for the best music was that which proclaimed liberty and redemption. Jabal was their Pan and Jubal their Apollo. 3. Tubal Cain was a famous smith, who greatly improved the art of working in brass and iron, for the service both of war and husbandry. He was their Vulcan. See here, (1.) That worldly things are the only things that carnal wicked people set their hearts upon and are most ingenious and industrious about. So it was with this impious race of cursed Cain. Here were a father of shepherds and a father of musicians, but not a father of the faithful. Here was one to teach in brass and iron, but none to teach the good knowledge of the Lord. Here were devices how to be rich, and how to be mighty, and how to be merry, but nothing of God, nor of his fear and service, among them. Present things fill the heads of most people. (2.) That even those who are destitute of the knowledge and grace of God may be endued with many excellent and useful accomplishments, which may make them famous and serviceable in their generation. Common gifts are given to bad men, while God chooses to himself the foolish things of the world.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 4:19

And Lamech took two wives — It was one of the degenerate race of Cain who first transgressed that original law of marriage, that two only should be one flesh. Jabal was a famous shepherd; he delighted much in keeping cattle, and was so happy in devising methods of doing it to the best advantage, and instructing others in them, that the shepherds of those times, nay, the shepherds of after — times, called him Father; or perhaps his children after him, being brought up to the same employment: the family was a family of shepherds. Jubal was a famous musician, and particularly an organist, and the first that gave rules for that noble art or science of music. When Jabal had set them in a way to be rich, Jubal put them in a way to be merry. From Jubal probably the Jubilee trumpet was so called; for the best music was that which proclaimed liberty and redemption.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 4:19

And Lamech took unto him (q) two wives: the name of the one [was] Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

(q) The lawful institution of marriage, which is, that two should be one flesh, was first corrupted in the house of Cain by Lamech.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
two wives:

Genesis 2:18 And the LORD God said, [It is] not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.
Genesis 2:24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
Matthew 19:4-6 And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made [them] at the beginning made them male and female, ... Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
Matthew 19:8 He saith unto them, Moses because of the hardness of your hearts suffered you to put away your wives: but from the beginning it was not so.
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Gn 2:18, 24. Mt 19:4, 8.

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