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Genesis 4:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And again she bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Again, she gave birth to his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of flocks, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And she again bore his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And she further bore his brother Abel. And Abel was a shepherd, but Cain was a husbandman.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And she went on to bear his brother, Abel,—and Abel became a feeder of sheep, whereas, Cain, was a tiller of the round.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and she addeth to bear his brother, even Abel. And Abel is feeding a flock, and Cain hath been servant of the ground.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And again she brought forth his brother Abel. And Abel was a shepherd, and Cain a husbandman.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And she againe bare his brother Abel, and Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And she again bore his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And she again bare his brother Havel. And Havel was a keeper of sheep, but Qayin was a tiller of the ground.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And she again 3254
{3254} Prime
יָסַף
yacaph
{yaw-saf'}
A primitive root; to add or augment (often adverbially to continue to do a thing).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
bare 3205
{3205} Prime
יָלַד
yalad
{yaw-lad'}
A primitive root; to bear young; causatively to beget; medically to act as midwife; specifically to show lineage.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his brother 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Hävel הָבֶל. 1893
{1893} Prime
הֶבֶל
Hebel
{heh'-bel}
The same as H1892; Hebel, the son of Adam.
And Hävel הָבֶל 1893
{1893} Prime
הֶבֶל
Hebel
{heh'-bel}
The same as H1892; Hebel, the son of Adam.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
a keeper 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of sheep, 6629
{6629} Prime
צֹאן
tso'n
{tsone}
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
but Kayin קַיִן 7014
{7014} Prime
קַיִן
Qayin
{kah'-yin}
The same as H7013 (with a play upon the affinity to H7069); Kajin, the name of the first child, also of a place in Palestine, and of an Oriental tribe.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
a tiller 5647
{5647} Prime
עָבַד
`abad
{aw-bad'}
A primitive root; to work (in any sense); by implication to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of the ground. 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 4:2

_ _ Abel was a keeper of sheep — literally, “a feeder of a flock,” which, in Oriental countries, always includes goats as well as sheep. Abel, though the younger, is mentioned first, probably on account of the pre-eminence of his religious character.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 4:1-2.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 4:2

Abel signifies vanity. The name given to this son is put upon the whole race, Psalms 39:5. Every man is at his best estate vanity; Abel, vanity. He chose that employment which did most befriend contemplation and devotion, for that hath been looked upon as the advantage of a pastoral life. Moses and David kept sheep, and in their solitudes conversed with God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Abel:
Heb. Hebel

And Abel:

Genesis 30:29-31 And he said unto him, Thou knowest how I have served thee, and how thy cattle was with me. ... And he said, What shall I give thee? And Jacob said, Thou shalt not give me any thing: if thou wilt do this thing for me, I will again feed [and] keep thy flock:
Genesis 37:13 And Israel said unto Joseph, Do not thy brethren feed [the flock] in Shechem? come, and I will send thee unto them. And he said to him, Here [am I].
Genesis 46:32-34 And the men [are] shepherds, for their trade hath been to feed cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have. ... That ye shall say, Thy servants' trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, [and] also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd [is] an abomination unto the Egyptians.
Genesis 47:3 And Pharaoh said unto his brethren, What [is] your occupation? And they said unto Pharaoh, Thy servants [are] shepherds, both we, [and] also our fathers.
Exodus 3:1 Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, [even] to Horeb.
Psalms 78:70-72 He chose David also his servant, and took him from the sheepfolds: ... So he fed them according to the integrity of his heart; and guided them by the skilfulness of his hands.
Amos 7:15 And the LORD took me as I followed the flock, and the LORD said unto me, Go, prophesy unto my people Israel.

a keeper:
Heb. a feeder,
Genesis 4:25-26 And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, [said she], hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew. ... And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the LORD.
Psalms 127:3 Lo, children [are] an heritage of the LORD: [and] the fruit of the womb [is his] reward.
John 8:44 Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
1 John 3:10 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.
1 John 3:12 Not as Cain, [who] was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous.
1 John 3:15 Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.

tiller:

Genesis 3:23 Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.
Genesis 9:20 And Noah began [to be] an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:23; 4:25; 9:20; 30:29; 37:13; 46:32; 47:3. Ex 3:1. Ps 78:70; 127:3. Am 7:15. Jn 8:44. 1Jn 3:10, 12, 15.

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