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Genesis 4:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— but for Cain and for his offering He had no regard. So Cain became very angry and his countenance fell.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But to Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and upon Cain, and on his offering, he did not look. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— but, of Cain and his present, he approved not,—and it angered Cain greatly, and his countenance fell.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and unto Cain and unto his present He hath not looked; and it is very displeasing to Cain, and his countenance is fallen.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But to Cain and his offerings he had no respect: and Cain was exceeding angry, and his countenance fell.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But vnto Cain, and to his offring he had not respect: and Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— but Cain and his sacrifices he regarded not, and Cain was exceedingly sorrowful and his countenance fell.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But unto Qayin and to his offering he had not respect. And Qayin was very wroth, and his countenance fell.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Kayin קַיִן 7014
{7014} Prime
קַיִן
Qayin
{kah'-yin}
The same as H7013 (with a play upon the affinity to H7069); Kajin, the name of the first child, also of a place in Palestine, and of an Oriental tribe.
and to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
his offering 4503
{4503} Prime
מִנְחָה
minchah
{min-khaw'}
From an unused root meaning to apportion, that is, bestow; a donation; euphemistically tribute; specifically a sacrificial offering (usually bloodless and voluntary).
he had not respect. 8159
{8159} Prime
שָׁעָה
sha`ah
{shaw-aw'}
A primitive root; to gaze at or about (properly for help); by implication to inspect, consider, compassionate, be nonplussed (as looking around in amazement) or bewildered.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
And Kayin קַיִן 7014
{7014} Prime
קַיִן
Qayin
{kah'-yin}
The same as H7013 (with a play upon the affinity to H7069); Kajin, the name of the first child, also of a place in Palestine, and of an Oriental tribe.
was very 3966
{3966} Prime
מְאֹד
m@`od
{meh-ode'}
From the same as H0181; properly vehemence, that is, (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated).
wroth, 2734
{2734} Prime
חָרָה
charah
{khaw-raw'}
A primitive root (compare H2787); to glow or grow warm; figuratively (usually) to blaze up, of anger, zeal, jealousy.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and his countenance 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
fell. 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 4:3-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 4:5

And Cain was wroth, and his countenance fell — Not so much out of grief as malice and rage. His sullen churlish countenance, and down — look, betrayed his passionate resentment.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
But:

Numbers 16:15 And Moses was very wroth, and said unto the LORD, Respect not thou their offering: I have not taken one ass from them, neither have I hurt one of them.
Hebrews 11:4 By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.

wroth:

Genesis 31:2 And Jacob beheld the countenance of Laban, and, behold, it [was] not toward him as before.
Genesis 31:5 And said unto them, I see your father's countenance, that it [is] not toward me as before; but the God of my father hath been with me.
Job 5:2 For wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one.
Psalms 20:3 Remember all thy offerings, and accept thy burnt sacrifice; Selah.
Isaiah 3:10-11 Say ye to the righteous, that [it shall be] well [with him]: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings. ... Woe unto the wicked! [it shall be] ill [with him]: for the reward of his hands shall be given him.
Matthew 20:15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?
Luke 15:28-30 And he was angry, and would not go in: therefore came his father out, and intreated him. ... But as soon as this thy son was come, which hath devoured thy living with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf.
Acts 13:45 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 31:2, 5. Nu 16:15. Jb 5:2. Ps 20:3. Is 3:10. Mt 20:15. Lk 15:28. Ac 13:45. He 11:4.

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