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Genesis 40:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he ministered unto them: and they continued a season in ward.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he served them: and they continued a season in ward.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The captain of the bodyguard put Joseph in charge of them, and he took care of them; and they were in confinement for some time.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he served them; and they continued a season in custody.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the captain of the life-guard appointed Joseph to them, that he should attend on them. And they were [several] days in custody.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the chief of the royal executioners charged Joseph with them, and he waited upon them,—and they were some days in ward.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the chief of the executioners chargeth Joseph with them, and he serveth them; and they are days in charge.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But the keeper of the prison delivered them to Joseph, and he served them. Some little time passed, and they were kept in custody.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the captaine of the guard charged Ioseph with them, and he serued them, and they continued a season in warde.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the chief keeper of the prison committed them to Joseph, and he stood by them; and they were [some] days in the prison.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the captain of the guard charged Yosef with them, and he served them: and they continued a season in ward.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the captain 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
of the guard 2876
{2876} Prime
טַבָּח
tabbach
{tab-bawkh'}
From H2873; properly a butcher; hence a lifeguardsman (because acting as executioner); also a cook (as usually slaughtering the animal for food).
charged 6485
{6485} Prime
פָּקַד
paqad
{paw-kad'}
A primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Ysf יוֹסֵף 3130
{3130} Prime
יוֹסֵף
Yowceph
{yo-safe'}
Future of H3254; let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
them, and he served 8334
{8334} Prime
שָׁרַת
sharath
{shaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to attend as a menial or worshipper; figuratively to contribute to.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
them: and they continued x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
a season 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
in ward. 4929
{4929} Prime
מִשְׁמָר
mishmar
{mish-mawr'}
From H8104; a guard (the man, the post, or the prison); figuratively a deposit; also (as observed) a usage (abstractly), or an example (concretely).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 40:4

_ _ The captain of the guard charged Joseph with them — not the keeper, though he was most favorably disposed; but Potiphar himself, who, it would seem, was by this time satisfied of the perfect innocence of the young Hebrew; though, probably, to prevent the exposure of his family, he deemed it prudent to detain him in confinement (see Psalms 37:5).

_ _ They continued a season in ward — literally, “days,” how long, is uncertain; but as they were called to account on the king’s birthday, it has been supposed that their offense had been committed on the preceding anniversary [Calvin].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 40:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 40:4

The captain of the guard, which was Potiphar, charged Joseph with them — Which intimates that he began now to be reconciled to him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the captain:

Genesis 37:36 And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, [and] captain of the guard.
Genesis 39:1 And Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him of the hands of the Ishmeelites, which had brought him down thither.
Genesis 39:21-23 But the LORD was with Joseph, and shewed him mercy, and gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison. ... The keeper of the prison looked not to any thing [that was] under his hand; because the LORD was with him, and [that] which he did, the LORD made [it] to prosper.
Psalms 37:5 Commit thy way unto the LORD; trust also in him; and he shall bring [it] to pass.

a season:
Yamim, literally days; how long is uncertain, though the word may signify, as many suppose, a complete year (see note on
Genesis 4:3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD.
and see note on
Genesis 24:55 And her brother and her mother said, Let the damsel abide with us [a few] days, at the least ten; after that she shall go.
); and as Pharaoh called them to an account on his birthday (
Genesis 40:20 And it came to pass the third day, [which was] Pharaoh's birthday, that he made a feast unto all his servants: and he lifted up the head of the chief butler and of the chief baker among his servants.
), Calmet supposes they had offended on the preceding birthday, and thus had been one whole year in prison.
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Gn 4:3; 24:55; 37:36; 39:1, 21; 40:20. Ps 37:5.

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