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Genesis 42:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now Jacob saw that there was grain in Egypt, and Jacob said unto his sons, Why do ye look one upon another?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now when Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons, Why do ye look one upon another?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now Jacob saw that there was grain in Egypt, and Jacob said to his sons, “Why are you staring at one another?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now when Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said to his sons, Why do ye look one upon another?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jacob saw that there was grain in Egypt, and Jacob said to his sons, Why do ye look one upon another?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then saw Jacob that there was corn, in Egypt,—and Jacob said to his sons, Wherefore look ye one at another?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jacob seeth that there is corn in Egypt, and Jacob saith to his sons, 'Why do you look at each other?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Jacob hearing that food was sold in Egypt, said to his sons: Why are ye careless?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now when Iacob saw that there was corne in Egypt, Iacob said vnto his sonnes, Why doe ye looke one vpon an other?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Jacob having seen that there was a sale [of corn] in Mizraim{gr.Egypt}, said to his sons, Why are ye indolent?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now when Yaaqov saw that there was corn in Mitzrayim, Yaaqov said unto his sons, Why do ye look one upon another?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now when Ya`áköv יַעֲקֹב 3290
{3290} Prime
יַעֲקֹב
Ya`aqob
{yah-ak-obe'}
From H6117; heel catcher (that is, supplanter); Jaakob, the Israelitish patriarch.
saw 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
there was 3426
{3426} Prime
יֵשׁ
yesh
{yaysh}
Perhaps from an unused root meaning to stand out, or exist; entity; used adverbially or as a copula for the substantive verb (H1961); there is or are (or any other form of the verb to be, as may suit the connection).
corn 7668
{7668} Prime
שֶׁבֶר
sheber
{sheh'-ber}
The same as H7667; grain (as if broken into kernels).
in Mixrayim מִצרַיִם, 4714
{4714} Prime
מִצְרַיִם
Mitsrayim
{mits-rah'-yim}
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
Ya`áköv יַעֲקֹב 3290
{3290} Prime
יַעֲקֹב
Ya`aqob
{yah-ak-obe'}
From H6117; heel catcher (that is, supplanter); Jaakob, the Israelitish patriarch.
said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto his sons, 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
Why x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
do ye look y7200
[7200] Standard
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
one upon another? x7200
(7200) Complement
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 42:1

_ _ Genesis 42:1-38. Journey into Egypt.

_ _ Now when Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt — learned from common rumor. It is evident from Jacob’s language that his own and his sons’ families had suffered greatly from the scarcity; and through the increasing severity of the scourge, those men, who had formerly shown both activity and spirit, were sinking into despondency. God would not interpose miraculously when natural means of preservation were within reach.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 42:1-6

_ _ Though Jacob's sons were all married, and had families of their own, yet, it should seem, they were still incorporated in one society, under the conduct and presidency of their father Jacob. We have here,

_ _ I. The orders he gave them to go and buy corn in Egypt, Genesis 42:1, Genesis 42:2. Observe, 1. The famine was grievous in the land of Canaan. It is observable that all the three patriarches, to whom Canaan was the land of promise, met with famine in that land, which was not only to try their faith, whether they could trust God though he should slay them, though he should starve them, but to teach them to seek the better country, that is, the heavenly, Hebrews 11:14-16. We have need of something to wean us from this world, and make us long for a better. 2. Still, when there was famine in Canaan, there was corn in Egypt. Thus Providence orders it, that one place should be a succour and supply to another; for we are all brethren. The Egyptians, the seed of accursed Ham, have plenty, when God's blessed Israel want: Thus God, in dispensing common favours, often crosses hands. Yet observe, The plenty Egypt now had was owing, under God, to Joseph's prudence and care: if his brethren had not sold him into Egypt, but respected him according to his merits, who knows but he might have done the same thing for Jacob's family which now he had done for Pharaoh, and the Egyptians might then have come to them to buy corn? but those who drive away from among them wise and good men know not what they do. 3. Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt; he saw the corn that his neighbours had bought there and brought home. It is a spur to exertion to see where supplies are to be had, and to see others supplied. Shall others get food for their souls, and shall we starve while it is to be had? 4. He reproved his sons for delaying to provide corn for their families. Why do you look one upon another? Note, When we are in trouble and want, it is folly for us to stand looking upon one another, that is, to stand desponding and despairing, as if there were no hope, no help, — to stand disputing either which shall have the honour of going first or which shall have the safety of coming last, — to stand deliberating and debating what we shall do, and doing nothing, — to stand dreaming under a spirit of slumber, as if we had nothing to do, and to stand delaying, as if we had time at command. Let it never be said, “We left that to be done tomorrow which we could a well have done today.” 5. He quickened them to go to Egypt: Get you down thither. Masters of families must not only pray for daily bread for their families, and food convenient, but must lay out themselves with care and industry to provide it.

_ _ II. Their obedience to these orders, Genesis 42:3. They went down to buy corn; they did not send their servants, but very prudently went themselves, to lay out their own money. Let none think themselves too great nor too good to take pains. Masters of families should see with their own eyes, and take heed of leaving too much to servants. Only Benjamin went not with them, for he was his father's darling. To Egypt they came, among others, and, having a considerable cargo of corn to buy, they were brought before Joseph himself, who probably expected they would come; and, according to the laws of courtesy, they bowed down themselves before him, Genesis 42:6. Now their empty sheaves did obeisance to his full one. Compare this with Isaiah 60:14 and Revelation 3:9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 42:1

Jacob saw that there was corn — That is, he saw the corn that his neighbours had bought there and brought home.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 42:1

Now when (a) Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons, Why do ye (b) look one upon another?

(a) This story shows plainly that all things are governed by God's providence for the profit of his Church.

(b) As men destitute of counsel.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
when Jacob:

Genesis 41:54 And the seven years of dearth began to come, according as Joseph had said: and the dearth was in all lands; but in all the land of Egypt there was bread.
Genesis 41:57 And all countries came into Egypt to Joseph for to buy [corn]; because that the famine was [so] sore in all lands.
Acts 7:12 But when Jacob heard that there was corn in Egypt, he sent out our fathers first.

saw:
i.e. heard, from the report of others, that there was plenty in Egypt. The operations of one sense are frequently put for those of another in Hebrew (see the parallel passages).
Genesis 42:2 And he said, Behold, I have heard that there is corn in Egypt: get you down thither, and buy for us from thence; that we may live, and not die.
Exodus 5:19 And the officers of the children of Israel did see [that] they [were] in evil [case], after it was said, Ye shall not minish [ought] from your bricks of your daily task.
Exodus 20:18 And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw [it], they removed, and stood afar off.
1 Kings 19:3 And when he saw [that], he arose, and went for his life, and came to Beersheba, which [belongeth] to Judah, and left his servant there.
Hosea 5:13 When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah [saw] his wound, then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb: yet could he not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.
Galatians 2:7 But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as [the gospel] of the circumcision [was] unto Peter;

Why do ye:

Joshua 7:10 And the LORD said unto Joshua, Get thee up; wherefore liest thou thus upon thy face?
2 Kings 8:3-4 And it came to pass at the seven years' end, that the woman returned out of the land of the Philistines: and she went forth to cry unto the king for her house and for her land. ... And the king talked with Gehazi the servant of the man of God, saying, Tell me, I pray thee, all the great things that Elisha hath done.
Ezra 10:4 Arise; for [this] matter [belongeth] unto thee: we also [will be] with thee: be of good courage, and do [it].
Jeremiah 8:14 Why do we sit still? assemble yourselves, and let us enter into the defenced cities, and let us be silent there: for the LORD our God hath put us to silence, and given us water of gall to drink, because we have sinned against the LORD.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 41:54, 57; 42:2. Ex 5:19; 20:18. Jsh 7:10. 1K 19:3. 2K 8:3. Ezr 10:4. Jr 8:14. Ho 5:13. Ac 7:12. Ga 2:7.

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