Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Genesis 42:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— hereby ye shall be proved: by the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Hereby ye shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— by this you will be tested: by the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go from this place unless your youngest brother comes here!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— By this ye shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother shall come hither.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— By this ye shall be put to the proof: as Pharaoh lives, ye shall not go forth hence, unless your youngest brother come hither!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Hereby, shall ye be proved,—By the life of Pharaoh, ye shall not go forth from hence, save only by the coming in of your youngest brother, hither.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— by this ye are proved: Pharaoh liveth! if ye go out from this—except by your young brother coming hither;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I shall now presently try what you are: by the health of Pharao, you shall not depart hence, until your youngest brother come.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hereby ye shall be proued: by the life of Pharaoh ye shall not goe foorth hence, except your yongest brother come hither.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— herein shall ye be manifested; by the health of Pharaoh{gr.Pharao}, ye shall not depart hence, unless your younger brother come hither.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Hereby ye shall be proved: By the life of Paroh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Hereby 2063
{2063} Prime
זֹאת
zo'th
{zothe'}
Irregular feminine of H2089; this (often used adverbially).
ye shall be proved: 974
{0974} Prime
בָּחַן
bachan
{baw-khan'}
A primitive root; to test (especially metals); generally and figuratively to investigate.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
By the life 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
of Par` פַּרעֹה 6547
{6547} Prime
פַּרְעֹה
Par`oh
{par-o'}
Of Egyptian derivation; Paroh, a generic title of Egyptian kings.
ye shall not go forth 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
hence, x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
except x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
your youngest 6996
{6996} Prime
קָטָן
qatan
{kaw-tawn'}
From H6962; abbreviated, that is, diminutive, literally (in quantity, size or number) or figuratively (in age or importance).
brother 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
hither. x2008
(2008) Complement
הֵנָּה
hennah
{hane'-naw}
From H2004; hither or thither (but used both of place and time).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 42:15

_ _ By the life of Pharaoh — It is a very common practice in Western Asia to swear by the life of the king. Joseph spoke in the style of an Egyptian and perhaps did not think there was any evil in it. But we are taught to regard all such expressions in the light of an oath (Matthew 5:34; James 5:12).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 42:7-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 42:15

Hereby ye shall be proved: (d) By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.

(d) The Egyptians who were idolaters, used to swear by their king's life: but God forbids swearing by anyone but him: yet Joseph dwelling among the wicked was corrupted by them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
By the life:

Genesis 42:7 And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence come ye? And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food.
Genesis 42:12 And he said unto them, Nay, but to see the nakedness of the land ye are come.
Genesis 42:16 Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother, and ye shall be kept in prison, that your words may be proved, whether [there be any] truth in you: or else by the life of Pharaoh surely ye [are] spies.
Genesis 42:30 The man, [who is] the lord of the land, spake roughly to us, and took us for spies of the country.
Deuteronomy 6:13 Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name.
1 Samuel 1:26 And she said, Oh my lord, [as] thy soul liveth, my lord, I [am] the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD.
1 Samuel 17:55 And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son [is] this youth? And Abner said, [As] thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell.
1 Samuel 20:3 And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved: but truly [as] the LORD liveth, and [as] thy soul liveth, [there is] but a step between me and death.
Jeremiah 5:2 And though they say, The LORD liveth; surely they swear falsely.
Jeremiah 5:7 How shall I pardon thee for this? thy children have forsaken me, and sworn by [them that are] no gods: when I had fed them to the full, they then committed adultery, and assembled themselves by troops in the harlots' houses.
Matthew 5:33-37 Again, ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord thine oaths: ... But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil.
Matthew 23:16-22 Woe unto you, [ye] blind guides, which say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor! ... And he that shall swear by heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon.
James 5:12 But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and [your] nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation.

except:

Genesis 42:20 But bring your youngest brother unto me; so shall your words be verified, and ye shall not die. And they did so.
Genesis 42:34 And bring your youngest brother unto me: then shall I know that ye [are] no spies, but [that] ye [are] true [men: so] will I deliver you your brother, and ye shall traffick in the land.
Genesis 43:3 And Judah spake unto him, saying, The man did solemnly protest unto us, saying, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother [be] with you.
Genesis 44:20-34 And we said unto my lord, We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him. ... For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad [be] not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my father.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 42:7, 12, 16, 20, 30, 34; 43:3; 44:20. Dt 6:13. 1S 1:26; 17:55; 20:3. Jr 5:2, 7. Mt 5:33; 23:16. Jm 5:12.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Genesis 42:15.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Genesis 42:15


Recent Chat Bible Comments