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Genesis 42:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for there was an interpreter between them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they knew not that Joseph understood [them]; for he spake unto them by an interpreter.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They did not know, however, that Joseph understood, for there was an interpreter between them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they knew not that Joseph understood [them]; for he spoke to them by an interpreter.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they did not know that Joseph understood, for the interpreter was between them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, they, knew not, that Joseph was hearkening,—for, the interpreter, was between them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And they have not known that Joseph understandeth, for the interpreter [is] between them;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they knew not that Joseph understood, because he spoke to them by an interpreter.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they knew not that Ioseph vnderstood them: for hee spake vnto them by an interpreter.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But they knew not that Joseph understood them; for there was an interpreter between them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they knew not that Yosef understood [them]; for he spake unto them by an interpreter.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
knew 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
Ysf יוֹסֵף 3130
{3130} Prime
יוֹסֵף
Yowceph
{yo-safe'}
Future of H3254; let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
understood 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[them]; for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
he spake unto x996
(0996) Complement
בַּיִן
beyn
{bane}
(Sometimes in the plural masculine or feminine); properly the constructively contracted form of an otherwise unused noun from H0995; a distinction; but used only as a preposition, between (repeated before each noun, often with other particles); also as a conjugation, either... or.
them by an interpreter. 3887
{3887} Prime
לוּץ
luwts
{loots}
A primitive root; properly to make mouths at, that is, to scoff; hence (from the effort to pronounce a foreign language) to interpret, or (generally) intercede.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 42:17-24.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 42:21-28.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he spake unto them by an interpreter:
Heb. an interpreter was between them, The mailitz does not seem to have been an interpreter in our sense of the term; as we have many evidences in this book that the Egyptians, Hebrews, Canaanites, and Syrians, could understand each other in a general way; and it appears from several passages in this very chapter (particularly
Genesis 42:24 And he turned himself about from them, and wept; and returned to them again, and communed with them, and took from them Simeon, and bound him before their eyes.
), that Joseph and his brethren understood each others' language, as his brethren and Joseph's steward also did (
Genesis 43:19 And they came near to the steward of Joseph's house, and they communed with him at the door of the house,
, etc; compare
Genesis 39:1 And Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him of the hands of the Ishmeelites, which had brought him down thither.
and
Genesis 49:1 And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you [that] which shall befall you in the last days.
). It seems to denote an officer who is called in Abyssinia, according to Mr. Bruce, Kal Hatze, "the voice or word of the king," who always stands at the side of a lattice window of a balcony, within which the king sits; who is never seen, but who speaks through a hole in the side of it, covered in the inside with a curtain, to this officer, by whom he speaks to the persons present.
John 16:13-14 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, [that] shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. ... He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew [it] unto you.
2 Corinthians 5:20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech [you] by us: we pray [you] in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God.
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Gn 39:1; 42:24; 43:19; 49:1. Jn 16:13. 2Co 5:20.

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