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Genesis 42:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But Joseph had recognized his brothers, although they did not recognize him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Joseph knew his brethren, but they did not know him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Joseph recognised his brethren,—whereas, they, recognised him not.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Joseph discerneth his brethren, but they have not discerned him,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And though he knew his brethren, he was not known by them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Ioseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yosef knew his brethren, but they knew not him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Ysf יוֹסֵף 3130
{3130} Prime
יוֹסֵף
Yowceph
{yo-safe'}
Future of H3254; let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
knew 5234
{5234} Prime
נָכַר
nakar
{naw-kar'}
A primitive root; properly to scrutinize, that is, look intently at; hence (with recognition implied), to acknowledge, be acquainted with, care for, respect, revere, or (with suspicion implied), to disregard, ignore, be strange toward, reject, resign, dissimulate (as if ignorant or disowning).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his brethren, 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
but they x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
knew 5234
{5234} Prime
נָכַר
nakar
{naw-kar'}
A primitive root; properly to scrutinize, that is, look intently at; hence (with recognition implied), to acknowledge, be acquainted with, care for, respect, revere, or (with suspicion implied), to disregard, ignore, be strange toward, reject, resign, dissimulate (as if ignorant or disowning).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 42:7-8.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 42:7-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
but they knew:

Luke 24:16 But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.
John 20:14 And when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus.
John 21:4 But when the morning was now come, Jesus stood on the shore: but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus.
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Lk 24:16. Jn 20:14; 21:4.

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