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Genesis 43:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the famine was sore in the land.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the famine [was] sore in the land.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the famine was severe in the land.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the famine [was] severe in the land.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the famine was grievous in the land.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, the famine, was severe in the land.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the famine [is] severe in the land;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In the mean time the famine was heavy upon all the land.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the famine was sore in the land.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But the famine prevailed in the land.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the famine [was] sore in the land.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the famine 7458
{7458} Prime
רָעָב
ra`ab
{raw-awb'}
From H7456; hunger (more or less extensive).
[was] sore 3515
{3515} Prime
כָּבֵד
kabed
{kaw-bade'}
From H3513; heavy; figuratively in a good sense (numerous) or in a bad sense (severe, difficult, stupid).
in the land. 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 43:1

_ _ Genesis 43:1-14. Preparations for second journey to Egypt.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 43:1-10

_ _ Here, 1. Jacob urges his sons to go and buy more corn in Egypt, Genesis 43:1, Genesis 43:2. The famine continued; and the corn they had bought was all spent, for it is meat that perisheth. Jacob, as a good master of a family, is in care to provide for those of his own house food convenient; and shall not God provide for his children, for the household of faith? Jacob bids them go again and buy a little food; now, in time of scarcity, a little must suffice, for nature is content with a little. 2. Judah urges him to consent that Benjamin should go down with them, how much soever it went against his feelings and previous determination. Note, It is not at all inconsistent with the honour and duty which children owe their parents humbly and modestly to advise them, and, as occasion is, to reason with them. Plead with your mother, plead, Hosea 2:2. (1.) He insists upon the absolute necessity they were under of bringing Benjamin with them, of which he, who was a witness to all that had passed in Egypt, was a more competent judge than Jacob could be. Joseph's protestation (Genesis 43:3) may be alluded to to show upon what terms we must draw nigh to God; unless we bring Christ along with us in the arms of our faith, we cannot see the face of God with comfort. (2.) He engages to take all possible care of him, and to do his utmost for his safety, Genesis 43:8, Genesis 43:9. Judah's conscience had lately smitten him for what he had done a great while ago against Joseph (Genesis 42:21); and, as an evidence of the truth of his repentance, he is ready to undertake, as far as a man could do it, for Benjamin's security. He will not only not wrong him, but will do all he can to protect him. This is restitution, as far as the case will admit; when he knew not how he could restore Joseph, he would make some amends for the irreparable injury he had done him by doubling his care concerning Benjamin.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 43:1

And the (a) famine [was] sore in the land.

(a) This was a great temptation to Jacob to suffer such a great famine in the land where God had promised to bless him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Genesis 18:13 And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old?
Genesis 41:54-57 And the seven years of dearth began to come, according as Joseph had said: and the dearth was in all lands; but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. ... And all countries came into Egypt to Joseph for to buy [corn]; because that the famine was [so] sore in all lands.
Genesis 42:5 And the sons of Israel came to buy [corn] among those that came: for the famine was in the land of Canaan.
Ecclesiastes 9:1-2 For all this I considered in my heart even to declare all this, that the righteous, and the wise, and their works, [are] in the hand of God: no man knoweth either love or hatred [by] all [that is] before them. ... All [things come] alike to all: [there is] one event to the righteous, and to the wicked; to the good and to the clean, and to the unclean; to him that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth not: as [is] the good, so [is] the sinner; [and] he that sweareth, as [he] that feareth an oath.
Lamentations 5:10 Our skin was black like an oven because of the terrible famine.
Acts 7:11-13 Now there came a dearth over all the land of Egypt and Chanaan, and great affliction: and our fathers found no sustenance. ... And at the second [time] Joseph was made known to his brethren; and Joseph's kindred was made known unto Pharaoh.
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Gn 18:13; 41:54; 42:5. Ec 9:1. Lm 5:10. Ac 7:11.

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