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Genesis 43:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he washed his face, and came out; and he refrained himself, and said, Set on bread.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then he washed his face and came out; and he controlled himself and said, “Serve the meal.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he washed his face, and came out, and controlled himself, and said, Set on bread.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then bathed he his face, and came forth,—and restrained himself, and said, Set on bread!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he washeth his face, and goeth out, and refraineth himself, and saith, 'Place bread.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when he had washed his face, coming out again, he refrained himself, and said: Set bread on the table.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himselfe, and saide, Set on bread.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he washed his face and came out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he washed 7364
{7364} Prime
רָחַץ
rachats
{raw-khats'}
A primitive root; to lave (the whole or a part of the thing).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
his face, 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
and went out, 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and refrained y662
[0662] Standard
אָפַק
'aphaq
{aw-fak'}
A primitive root; to contain, that is, (reflexively) abstain.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
himself, x662
(0662) Complement
אָפַק
'aphaq
{aw-fak'}
A primitive root; to contain, that is, (reflexively) abstain.
and said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Set on 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
bread. 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 43:31

_ _ Genesis 43:31-34. The dinner.

_ _ Joseph said, Set on bread — equivalent to having dinner served, “bread” being a term inclusive of all victuals. The table was a small stool, most probably the usual round form, “since persons might even then be seated according to their rank or seniority, and the modern Egyptian table is not without its post of honor and a fixed gradation of place” [Wilkinson]. Two or at most three persons were seated at one table. But the host being the highest in rank of the company had a table to himself; while it was so arranged that an Egyptian was not placed nor obliged to eat from the same dish as a Hebrew.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 43:26-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
refrained:

Genesis 45:1 Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren.
Isaiah 42:14 I have long time holden my peace; I have been still, [and] refrained myself: [now] will I cry like a travailing woman; I will destroy and devour at once.
Jeremiah 31:16 Thus saith the LORD; Refrain thy voice from weeping, and thine eyes from tears: for thy work shall be rewarded, saith the LORD; and they shall come again from the land of the enemy.
1 Peter 3:10 For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile:

bread:

Genesis 43:25 And they made ready the present against Joseph came at noon: for they heard that they should eat bread there.
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Gn 43:25; 45:1. Is 42:14. Jr 31:16. 1P 3:10.

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