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Genesis 44:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Is not this that in which my lord drinketh, and whereby he indeed divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [Is] not this [it] in which my lord drinketh, and whereby indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Is not this the one from which my lord drinks and which he indeed uses for divination? You have done wrong in doing this.’”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [Is] not this [the cup] in which my lord drinketh, and by which indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Is not this [it] in which my lord drinks, and in which indeed he divines? Ye have done evil [in] what ye have done.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Is not, this, that in which my lord drinketh, and whereby, he himself, doth, divine? Ye have done evil, in what ye have done.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Is not this that with which my lord drinketh? and he observeth diligently with it; ye have done evil [in] that which ye have done.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The cup which you have stolen, is that in which my lord drinketh, and in which he is wont to divine: you have done a very evil thing.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Is not this it, in which my lord drinketh? and whereby indeed he diuineth? ye haue done euill in so doing.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Why have ye stolen my silver cup? is it not this out of which my lord drinks? and he divines augury with it; ye have accomplished evil in that which ye have done.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [Is] not this [it] in which my adon drinketh, and whereby indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[Is] not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
[it] in which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
my n אֲדוֹן 113
{0113} Prime
אָדוֹן
'adown
{aw-done'}
From an unused root (meaning to rule); sovereign, that is, controller (human or divine).
drinketh, 8354
{8354} Prime
שָׁתָה
shathah
{shaw-thaw'}
A primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and whereby indeed y5172
[5172] Standard
נָחַשׁ
nachash
{naw-khash'}
A primitive root; properly to hiss, that is, whisper a (magic) spell; generally to prognosticate.
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
he divineth? 5172
{5172} Prime
נָחַשׁ
nachash
{naw-khash'}
A primitive root; properly to hiss, that is, whisper a (magic) spell; generally to prognosticate.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
ye have done evil 7489
{7489} Prime
רָעַע
ra`a`
{raw-ah'}
A primitive root; properly to spoil (literally by breaking to pieces); figuratively to make (or be) good for nothing, that is, bad (physically, socially or morally). (associate selves and show self friendly are by mistake for H7462.).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
in so x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
doing. 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 44:5

_ _ Is not this it in which my lord drinketh — not only kept for the governor’s personal use, but whereby he divines. Divination by cups, to ascertain the course of futurity, was one of the prevalent superstitions of ancient Egypt, as it is of Eastern countries still. It is not likely that Joseph, a pious believer in the true God, would have addicted himself to this superstitious practice. But he might have availed himself of that popular notion to carry out the successful execution of his stratagem for the last decisive trial of his brethren.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 44:1-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 44:5

Is not this it in which my lord drinketh? And for which he would search thoroughly — So it may be rendered.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 44:5

[Is] not this [it] in which my lord drinketh, and (b) whereby indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.

(b) Because the people thought he could divine, he attributes to himself that knowledge: or else he pretends that he consults with soothsayers: which deceit is worthy to be reproved.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
divineth:
or, maketh trial,
Genesis 44:15 And Joseph said unto them, What deed [is] this that ye have done? wot ye not that such a man as I can certainly divine?
*marg.
Genesis 30:27 And Laban said unto him, I pray thee, if I have found favour in thine eyes, [tarry: for] I have learned by experience that the LORD hath blessed me for thy sake.
Leviticus 19:26 Ye shall not eat [any thing] with the blood: neither shall ye use enchantment, nor observe times.
1 Kings 20:33 Now the men did diligently observe whether [any thing would come] from him, and did hastily catch [it]: and they said, Thy brother Benhadad. Then he said, Go ye, bring him. Then Benhadad came forth to him; and he caused him to come up into the chariot.
2 Kings 21:6 And he made his son pass through the fire, and observed times, and used enchantments, and dealt with familiar spirits and wizards: he wrought much wickedness in the sight of the LORD, to provoke [him] to anger.
; In the East, there is an ancient tradition, that there was a Cup which possessed the strange property of representing in it the whole world, and all the things which were then doing. The cup is called Jami Jemsheed, "the cup of Jemsheed," a very ancient king of Persia; and they say that it was discovered, filled with the elixir of immortality, when digging to lay the foundations of Persepolis. The Persian poets are full of allusions to this cup, which they style Jem jehan nima, the cup shewing the universe; and to it they ascribe all the prosperity of their ancient monarchs. Many of the Mahometan princes and governors affect still to have information by means of a cup. Now, though it cannot be admitted that Joseph practised divination, yet, according to the superstition of those times, supernatural influence might be attributed to HIS CUP.
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Gn 30:27; 44:15. Lv 19:26. 1K 20:33. 2K 21:6.

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