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Genesis 47:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he said, Swear unto me: and he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he said, Swear unto me. And he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He said, “Swear to me.” So he swore to him. Then Israel bowed [in worship] at the head of the bed.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he said, Swear to me: and he swore to him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he said, Swear to me; and he swore to him. And Israel worshipped on the bed's head.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then he said: Come, swear to me! And he sware to him. Then did Israel bow himself down on the head of the couch.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he saith, 'Swear to me;' and he sweareth to him, and Israel boweth himself on the head of the bed.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he said: Swear then to me. And as he was swearing, Israel adored God, turning to the bed's head.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he said, Sweare vnto mee: and he sware vnto him. And Israel bowed himselfe vpon the beds head.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he said, Swear to me; and he swore to him. And Israel did reverence, leaning on the top of his staff.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he said, Swear unto me. And he sware unto him. And Yisrael bowed himself upon the bed's head.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Swear 7650
{7650} Prime
שָׁבַע
shaba`
{shaw-bah'}
A primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, that is, swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times).
z8734
<8734> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 118
unto me. And he sware 7650
{7650} Prime
שָׁבַע
shaba`
{shaw-bah'}
A primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, that is, swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
unto him. And Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
bowed y7812
[7812] Standard
שָׁחָה
shachah
{shaw-khaw'}
A primitive root; to depress, that is, prostrate (especially reflexively in homage to royalty or God).
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
himself x7812
(7812) Complement
שָׁחָה
shachah
{shaw-khaw'}
A primitive root; to depress, that is, prostrate (especially reflexively in homage to royalty or God).
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the bed's 4296
{4296} Prime
מִטָּה
mittah
{mit-taw'}
From H5186; a bed (as extended) for sleeping or eating; by analogy a sofa, litter or bier.
head. 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 47:29-31.


Genesis 47:31

_ _ Israel bowed himself upon the bed’s head — Oriental beds are mere mats, having no head, and the translation should be “the top of his staff,” as the apostle renders it (Hebrews 11:21).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 47:27-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 47:31

And he said, Swear unto me. And he sware unto him. And Israel (k) bowed himself upon the bed's head.

(k) He rejoiced that Joseph had promised him, and setting himself up on his pillows, praised God; (1 Chronicles 29:10).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Swear:

Genesis 24:3 And I will make thee swear by the LORD, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell:

And Israel bowed:
As shachah, which primarily signifies to bow, denotes also to worship; and as mittah, a bed, pronounced matteh, is a staff; the LXX have taken the passage in the latter sense, and rendered it και προσεκυνησεν Ισραηλ επι το ακρον της ραβδου αυτου, "and Israel worshipped upon the top of his staff," which is literally copied by the apostle Paul, in his Epistle to the Hebrews. The present reading is, however, supported by the Masoretic pointing and the Targums; and is most probably correct, as it would appear that Jacob was confined to his bed.
Genesis 47:29 And the time drew nigh that Israel must die: and he called his son Joseph, and said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt:
Genesis 24:26 And the man bowed down his head, and worshipped the LORD.
Genesis 48:1-2 And it came to pass after these things, that [one] told Joseph, Behold, thy father [is] sick: and he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim. ... And [one] told Jacob, and said, Behold, thy son Joseph cometh unto thee: and Israel strengthened himself, and sat upon the bed.
1 Kings 1:47 And moreover the king's servants came to bless our lord king David, saying, God make the name of Solomon better than thy name, and make his throne greater than thy throne. And the king bowed himself upon the bed.
Hebrews 11:21 By faith Jacob, when he was a dying, blessed both the sons of Joseph; and worshipped, [leaning] upon the top of his staff.
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Gn 24:3, 26; 47:29; 48:1. 1K 1:47. He 11:21.

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