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Genesis 49:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Gad, a troop shall press upon him; But he shall press upon their heel.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Gad, a troop shall overcome him: but he shall overcome at the last.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “As for Gad, raiders shall raid him, But he will raid [at] their heels.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Gad, a troop shall overcome him: but he shall overcome at the last.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Gad—troops will rush upon him; But he will rush upon the heel.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Gad! a troop, shall troop on him,—But, he, shall troop on the rear.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Gad! a troop assaulteth him, But he assaulteth last.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Gad, being girded, shall fight before him: and he himself shall be girded backward.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Gad, a troupe shall ouercome him: but he shall ouercome at the last.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Gad, a plundering troop shall plunder him; but he shall plunder him, [pursuing him] closely.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Gad, a troop shall overcome him: but he shall overcome at the last.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
G גָּד, 1410
{1410} Prime
From H1464; Gad, a son of Jacob, including his tribe and its territory; also a prophet.
a troop 1416
{1416} Prime
From H1413; a crowd (especially of soldiers).
shall overcome 1464
{1464} Prime
A primitive root (akin to H1413); to crowd upon, that is, attack.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him: but he x1931
(1931) Complement
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
shall overcome 1464
{1464} Prime
A primitive root (akin to H1413); to crowd upon, that is, attack.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
at the last. 6119
{6119} Prime
From H6117; a heel (as protuberant); hence a track; figuratively the rear (of an army). (lier in wait is by mistake for H6120.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 49:19

_ _ Genesis 49:19. Gad.

_ _ This tribe should be often attacked and wasted by hostile powers on their borders (Judges 10:8; Jeremiah 49:1). But they were generally victorious in the close of their wars.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 49:13-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 49:19

Concerning Gad, he alludes to his name, which signifies a troop, foresees the character of that tribe, that it should be a warlike tribe; and so we find, 1 Chronicles 12:8, the Gadites were men of war fit for the battle. He foresees, that the situation of that tribe on the other side Jordan would expose it to the incursions of its neighbours, the Moabites and Ammonites; and that they might not be proud of their strength and valour, he foretells that the troops of their enemies should, in many skirmishes, overcome them; yet, that they might not be discouraged by their defeats, he assures them, that they should overcome at the last, which was fulfilled, when in Saul's time and David's the Moabites and Ammonites were wholly subdued.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Genesis 30:11 And Leah said, A troop cometh: and she called his name Gad.
Genesis 46:16 And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli.
Numbers 32:1-42 Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great multitude of cattle: and when they saw the land of Jazer, and the land of Gilead, that, behold, the place [was] a place for cattle; ... And Nobah went and took Kenath, and the villages thereof, and called it Nobah, after his own name.
Deuteronomy 33:20-21 And of Gad he said, Blessed [be] he that enlargeth Gad: he dwelleth as a lion, and teareth the arm with the crown of the head. ... And he provided the first part for himself, because there, [in] a portion of the lawgiver, [was he] seated; and he came with the heads of the people, he executed the justice of the LORD, and his judgments with Israel.
Joshua 13:8 With whom the Reubenites and the Gadites have received their inheritance, which Moses gave them, beyond Jordan eastward, [even] as Moses the servant of the LORD gave them;
Judges 10:1-11:40 And after Abimelech there arose to defend Israel Tola the son of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar; and he dwelt in Shamir in mount Ephraim. ... [That] the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.
1 Chronicles 3:18-22 Malchiram also, and Pedaiah, and Shenazar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah. ... And the sons of Shechaniah; Shemaiah: and the sons of Shemaiah; Hattush, and Igeal, and Bariah, and Neariah, and Shaphat, six.
1 Chronicles 5:11-22 And the children of Gad dwelt over against them, in the land of Bashan unto Salchah: ... For there fell down many slain, because the war [was] of God. And they dwelt in their steads until the captivity.
1 Chronicles 5:26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 30:11; 46:16. Nu 32:1. Dt 33:20. Jsh 13:8. Jg 10:1. 1Ch 3:18; 5:11, 26.

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