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Genesis 5:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years, and he died.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And all the days of Adam that he lived were nine hundred and thirty years; and he died.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So all the days of Adam which he lived, were nine hundred and thirty years,—and he died.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And all the days of Adam which he lived are nine hundred and thirty years, and he dieth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And all the time that Adam lived, came to nine hundred and thirty years, and he died.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And all the dayes that Adam liued, were nine hundred and thirtie yeeres: and he died.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And all the days of Adam which he lived were nine hundred and thirty years, and he died.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the days 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
m אָדָם 121
{0121} Prime
אָדָם
'Adam
{aw-dawm'}
The same as H0120; Adam, the name of the first man, also of a place in Palestine.
lived 2425
{2425} Prime
חָיַי
chayay
{khaw-yah'-ee}
A primitive root (compare H2421); to live; causatively to revive.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
nine 8672
{8672} Prime
תֵּשַׁע
tesha`
{tay'-shah}
The second form is the masculine of the first; perhaps from H8159 through the idea of a turn to the next or full number ten; nine or (ordinal) ninth.
hundred 3967
{3967} Prime
מֵאָה
me'ah
{may-aw'}
Probably a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction.
y8141
[8141] Standard
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
and thirty 7970
{7970} Prime
שְׁלוֹשִׁים
sh@lowshiym
{shel-o-sheem'}
Multiple of H7969; thirty; or (ordinal) thirtieth.
years: 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
and he died. 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 5:5

_ _ all the days ... Adam lived — The most striking feature in this catalogue is the longevity of Adam and his immediate descendants. Ten are enumerated (Genesis 5:5-32) in direct succession whose lives far exceed the ordinary limits with which we are familiar — the shortest being three hundred sixty-five, [Genesis 5:23] and the longest nine hundred sixty-nine years [Genesis 5:27]. It is useless to inquire whether and what secondary causes may have contributed to this protracted longevity — vigorous constitutions, the nature of their diet, the temperature and salubrity of the climate; or, finally — as this list comprises only the true worshippers of God — whether their great age might be owing to the better government of their passions and the quiet, even tenor of their lives. Since we cannot obtain satisfactory evidence on these points, it is wise to resolve the fact into the sovereign will of God. We can, however, trace some of the important uses to which, in the early economy of Providence, it was subservient. It was the chief means of reserving a knowledge of God, of the great truths of religion, as well as the influence of genuine piety. So that, as their knowledge was obtained by tradition, they would be in a condition to preserve it in the greatest purity.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 5:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 5:5

In the day Adam ate forbidden fruit, he became mortal, he began to die; his whole life after was but a forfeited condemned life, nay it was a wasting dying life; he was not only like a criminal sentenced, but as one already crucified, that dies slowly and by degrees.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 930, bc 3074

nine:

Genesis 5:8 And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years: and he died.
Genesis 5:11 And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years: and he died.
Genesis 5:14 And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years: and he died.
Genesis 5:17-32 And all the days of Mahalaleel were eight hundred ninety and five years: and he died. ... And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
Deuteronomy 30:20 That thou mayest love the LORD thy God, [and] that thou mayest obey his voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he [is] thy life, and the length of thy days: that thou mayest dwell in the land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them.
Psalms 90:10 The days of our years [are] threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength [they be] fourscore years, yet [is] their strength labour and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away.

and he died:

Genesis 5:8 And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years: and he died.
Genesis 5:11 And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years: and he died.
Genesis 5:14-32 And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years: and he died. ... And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou [art], and unto dust shalt thou return.
2 Samuel 14:14 For we must needs die, and [are] as water spilt on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again; neither doth God respect [any] person: yet doth he devise means, that his banished be not expelled from him.
Job 30:23 For I know [that] thou wilt bring me [to] death, and [to] the house appointed for all living.
Psalms 49:7-10 None [of them] can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him: ... For he seeth [that] wise men die, likewise the fool and the brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to others.
Psalms 89:48 What man [is he that] liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.
Ecclesiastes 9:5 For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten.
Ecclesiastes 9:8 Let thy garments be always white; and let thy head lack no ointment.
Ecclesiastes 12:5 Also [when] they shall be afraid of [that which is] high, and fears [shall be] in the way, and the almond tree shall flourish, and the grasshopper shall be a burden, and desire shall fail: because man goeth to his long home, and the mourners go about the streets:
Ecclesiastes 12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.
Ezekiel 18:4 Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die.
Romans 5:12-14 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: ... Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.
1 Corinthians 15:21-22 For since by man [came] death, by man [came] also the resurrection of the dead. ... For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:19; 5:8, 11, 14, 17. Dt 30:20. 2S 14:14. Jb 30:23. Ps 49:7; 89:48; 90:10. Ec 9:5, 8; 12:5, 7. Ezk 18:4. Ro 5:12. 1Co 15:21. He 9:27.

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