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Genesis 50:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And forty days were fulfilled for him; for so are fulfilled the days of embalming: and the Egyptians wept for him three-score and ten days.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And forty days were fulfilled for him; for so are fulfilled the days of those which are embalmed: and the Egyptians mourned for him threescore and ten days.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now forty days were required for it, for such is the period required for embalming. And the Egyptians wept for him seventy days.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And forty days were fulfilled for him; (for so are fulfilled the days of those who are embalmed:) and the Egyptians mourned for him seventy days.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And forty days were fulfilled for him; for so are fulfilled the days of those who are embalmed. And the Egyptians mourned for him seventy days.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And they fulfilled for him forty days, for, so, are they wont to fulfill the days of the embalmed,—and the Egyptians wept for him seventy days.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they fulfil for him forty days, for so they fulfil the days of the embalmed, and the Egyptians weep for him seventy days.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And while they were fulfilling his commands, there passed forty days: for this was the manner with bodies that were embalmed, and Egypt mourned for him seventy days.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And fortie dayes were fulfilled for him, (for so are fulfilled the dayes of those which are imbalmed) and the Egyptians mourned for him threescore and ten dayes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they fulfilled forty days for him, for so are the days of embalming numbered; and Mizraim{gr.Egypt} mourned for him seventy days.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And forty days were fulfilled for him; for so are fulfilled the days of those which are embalmed: and the Mitzrim mourned for him threescore and ten days.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And forty 705
{0705} Prime
אַרְבָּעִים
'arba`iym
{ar-baw-eem'}
Multiple of H0702; forty.
days 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
were fulfilled 4390
{4390} Prime
מָלֵא
male'
{maw-lay'}
A primitive root, to fill or (intransitively) be full of, in a wide application (literally and figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
for him; for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
so x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
are fulfilled 4390
{4390} Prime
מָלֵא
male'
{maw-lay'}
A primitive root, to fill or (intransitively) be full of, in a wide application (literally and figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the days 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of those which are embalmed: 2590
{2590} Prime
חָנוּט
chanat
{khaw-nat'}
A primitive root; to spice; by implication to embalm; also to ripen.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
and the Mixrm מִצרִים 4714
{4714} Prime
מִצְרַיִם
Mitsrayim
{mits-rah'-yim}
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
mourned 1058
{1058} Prime
בָּכָה
bakah
{baw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to weep; generally to bemoan.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
for him threescore and ten 7657
{7657} Prime
שִׁבְעִים
shib`iym
{shib-eem'}
Multiple of H7651; seventy.
days. 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 50:3

_ _ the Egyptians mourned, etc. — It was made a period of public mourning, as on the death of a royal personage.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 50:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 50:3

He observed the ceremony of solemn mourning for him. Forty days were taken up in embalming the body, which the Egyptians had an art of doing so curiously, as to preserve the very features of the face unchanged. All this time, and thirty days more, seventy in all, they either confined themselves and sat solitary, or when they went out, appeared in the habit of close mourners, according to the decent custom of the country. Even the Egyptians, many of them, out of the respect they had for Joseph, put themselves into mourning for his father.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 50:3

And forty days were fulfilled for him; for so are fulfilled the days of those which are embalmed: and the Egyptians mourned for him (b) threescore and ten days.

(b) They were more excessive in lamenting than the faithful.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
forty days:
We learn from the Greek historians, that the time of mourning was while the body remained with the embalmers, which Herodotus says was seventy days. During this time the body lay in nitre, the use of which was to dry up all its superfluous and noxious moisture, and when, in the space of 30 days, this was sufficiently effected, the remaining forty, the time mentioned by Diodorus, were employed in anointing it with gums and spices to preserve it, which was properly the embalming. This sufficiently explains the phraseology of the text.

mourned:
Heb. wept

threescore:

Numbers 20:29 And when all the congregation saw that Aaron was dead, they mourned for Aaron thirty days, [even] all the house of Israel.
Deuteronomy 21:13 And she shall put the raiment of her captivity from off her, and shall remain in thine house, and bewail her father and her mother a full month: and after that thou shalt go in unto her, and be her husband, and she shall be thy wife.
Deuteronomy 34:8 And the children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days: so the days of weeping [and] mourning for Moses were ended.
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Nu 20:29. Dt 21:13; 34:8.

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