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Genesis 6:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Make for yourself an ark of gopher wood; you shall make the ark with rooms, and shall cover it inside and out with pitch.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Make thee an ark of gopher-wood: rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Make thyself an ark of gopher wood: [with] cells shalt thou make the ark; and pitch it inside and outside with pitch.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Make for thee an ark of timbers of gopher, rooms, shalt thou make with the ark,—and—thou shalt cover it, within and without, with pitch.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Make for thyself an ark of gopher-wood; rooms dost thou make with the ark, and thou hast covered it within and without with cypress;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Make thee an ark of timber planks: thou shalt make little rooms in the ark, and thou shalt pitch it within and without.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Make thee an Arke of Gopher-wood: roomes shalt thou make in the arke, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Make therefore for thyself an ark of square timber; thou shalt make the ark in compartments, and thou shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Make 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
thee an ark 8392
{8392} Prime
תֵּבָה
tebah
{tay-baw'}
Perhaps of foreign derivation; a box.
of gopher 1613
{1613} Prime
גֹּפֶר
gopher
{go'-fer}
From an unused root, probably meaning to house in; a kind of tree or wood (as used for building), apparently the cypress.
wood; 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
rooms 7064
{7064} Prime
קֵן
qen
{kane}
Contracted from H7077; a nest (as fixed), sometimes including the nestlings; figuratively a chamber or dwelling.
shalt thou make 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
in y854
[0854] Standard
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
the ark, 8392
{8392} Prime
תֵּבָה
tebah
{tay-baw'}
Perhaps of foreign derivation; a box.
and shalt pitch 3722
{3722} Prime
כָּפַר
kaphar
{kaw-far'}
A primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
it within 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and without 2351
{2351} Prime
חוּץ
chuwts
{khoots}
(Both forms feminine in the plural); from an unused root meaning to sever; properly separate by a wall, that is, outside, outdoors.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
with pitch. 3724
{3724} Prime
כֹּפֶר
kopher
{ko'-fer}
From H3722; properly a cover, that is, (literally) a village (as covered in); (specifically) bitumen (as used for coating), and the henna plant (as used for dyeing); figuratively a redemption price.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 6:14

_ _ Make thee an ark — ark, a hollow chest (Exodus 2:3).

_ _ gopher wood — probably cypress, remarkable for its durability and abounding on the Armenian mountains.

_ _ rooms — cabins or small cells.

_ _ pitch it within and without — mineral pitch, asphalt, naphtha, or some bituminous substance, which, when smeared over and become hardened, would make it perfectly watertight.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 6:13-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 6:14

I will destroy them with the earth, but make thee an ark — I will take care to preserve thee alive. This ark was like the hulk of a ship, fitted not to sail upon the waters, but to float waiting for their fall. God could have secured Noah, by the ministration of angels without putting him to any care or pains, but he chose to employ him in making that which was to be the means of his preservation, both for the trial of his faith and obedience, and to teach us that none shall be saved by Christ, but those only that work out their salvation; we cannot do it without God, and he will not without us: both the providence of God and the grace of God crown the endeavours of the obedient and diligent. God gave him particular instructions concerning this building. It must be made of Gopher — wood; Noah, doubtless, knew what sort of wood that was, though now we do not. He must make it three stories high within: and, He must divide it into cabins with partitions, places fitted for the several sorts of creatures, so as to lose no room. Exact dimensions are given him, that he might make it proportionable, and might have room enough in it to answer the intention, and no more. He must pitch it within and without: without, to shed off the rain, and to prevent the water from soaking in; within, to take away the ill smell of the beasts when kept close. He must make a little window towards the top to let in light. He must make a door in the side of it by which to go in and out.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 1536, bc 2468

Make:

Matthew 24:38 For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark,
Luke 17:27 They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all.
1 Peter 3:20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.

rooms:
Heb. nests

shalt pitch:

Exodus 2:3 And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid [it] in the flags by the river's brink.
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Ex 2:3. Mt 24:38. Lk 17:27. 1P 3:20.

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