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Genesis 7:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lifted up above the earth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then the flood came upon the earth for forty days, and the water increased and lifted up the ark, so that it rose above the earth.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the flood was forty days upon the earth: and the waters increased, and bore up the ark, and it was lifted above the earth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the flood was forty days on the earth. And the waters increased, and bore up the ark; and it was lifted up above the earth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And it came to pass, that the flood was forty days on the earth,—and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lifted high above the earth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the deluge is forty days on the earth, and the waters multiply, and lift up the ark, and it is raised up from off the earth;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the flood was forty days upon the earth: and the waters increased, and lifted up the ark on high from the earth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Flood was fortie dayes vpon the earth, and the waters increased, and bare vp the Arke, and it was lift vp aboue the earth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the flood was upon the earth forty days and forty nights, and the water abounded greatly and bore up the ark, and it was lifted on high from off the earth.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the flood 3999
{3999} Prime
מַבּוּל
mabbuwl
{mab-bool'}
From H2986 in the sense of flowing; a deluge.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
forty 705
{0705} Prime
אַרְבָּעִים
'arba`iym
{ar-baw-eem'}
Multiple of H0702; forty.
days 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the earth; 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
and the waters 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
increased, 7235
{7235} Prime
רָבָה
rabah
{raw-baw'}
A primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and bare up 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the ark, 8392
{8392} Prime
תֵּבָה
tebah
{tay-baw'}
Perhaps of foreign derivation; a box.
and it was lift up 7311
{7311} Prime
רוּם
ruwm
{room}
A primitive root; to be high actively to rise or raise (in various applications, literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
above x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the earth. 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 7:17

_ _ the waters increased, and bare up the ark — It seems to have been raised so gradually as to be scarcely perceptible to its occupants.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 7:17-20

_ _ We are here told,

_ _ I. How long the flood was increasing — forty days, Genesis 7:17. The profane world, who believed not that it would come, probably when it came flattered themselves with hopes that it would soon abate and never come to extremity; but still it increased, it prevailed. Note, 1. When God judges he will overcome. If he begin, he will make an end; his way is perfect, both in judgment and mercy. 2. The gradual approaches and advances of God's judgments, which are designed to bring sinners to repentance, are often abused to the hardening of them in their presumption.

_ _ II. To what degree they increased: they rose so high that not only the low flat countries were deluged, but to make sure work, and that none might escape, the tops of the highest mountains were overflowed — fifteen cubits, that is, seven yards and a half; so that in vain was salvation hoped for from hills or mountains, Jeremiah 3:23. None of God's creatures are so high but his power can overtop them; and he will make them know that wherein they deal proudly he is above them. Perhaps the tops of the mountains were washed down by the strength of the waters, which helped much towards the prevailing of the waters above them; for it is said (Job 12:15), He sends out the waters, and they not only overflow, but overturn, the earth. Thus the refuge of lies was swept away, and the waters overflowed the hiding-place of those sinners (Isaiah 28:17), and in vain they fly to them for safety, Revelation 6:16. Now the mountains departed, and the hills were removed, and nothing stood a man in stead but the covenant of peace, Isaiah 54:10. There is no place on earth so high as to set men out of the reach of God's judgments, Jeremiah 49:16; Obadiah 1:3, Obadiah 1:4. God's hand will find out all his enemies, Psalms 21:8. Observe how exactly they are fathomed (fifteen cubits), not by Noah's plummet, but by his knowledge who weighs the waters by measure, Job 28:25.

_ _ III. What became of Noah's ark when the waters thus increased: It was lifted up above the earth (Genesis 7:17), and went upon the face of the waters, Genesis 7:18. When all other buildings were demolished by the waters, and buried under them, the ark alone subsisted. Observe, 1. The waters which broke down every thing else bore up the ark. That which to unbelievers is a savour of death unto death is to the faithful a savour of life unto life. 2. The more the waters increased the higher the ark was lifted up towards heaven. Thus sanctified afflictions are spiritual promotions; and as troubles abound consolations much more abound.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Genesis 7:4 For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and every living substance that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth.
Genesis 7:12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.
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Gn 7:4, 12.

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