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Genesis 8:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and he sent forth a raven, and it went forth to and fro, until the waters were dried up from off the earth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he sent forth a raven, which went forth to and fro, until the waters were dried up from off the earth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and he sent out a raven, and it flew here and there until the water was dried up from the earth.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he sent forth a raven, which went forth to and fro, till the waters were dried from off the earth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he sent out the raven, which went forth going to and fro, until the waters were dried from the earth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and sent forth a raven,—and it kept going forth and returning, until the drying up of the waters from off the earth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he sendeth forth the raven, and it goeth out, going out and turning back till the drying of the waters from off the earth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Which went forth and did not return, till the waters were dried up upon the earth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he sent forth a Rauen, which went foorth to and fro, vntill the waters were dried vp from off the earth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he sent forth a raven; and it went forth and returned not until the water was dried from off the earth.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he sent forth a raven, which went forth to and fro, until the waters were dried up from off the earth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he sent forth 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
a raven, 6158
{6158} Prime
עֹרֵב
`oreb
{o-rabe'}
From H6150; a raven (from its dusky hue).
which went forth 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to y3318
[3318] Standard
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
and fro, 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x3318
(3318) Complement
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
until x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the waters 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
were dried up 3001
{3001} Prime
יָבֵשׁ
yabesh
{yaw-bashe'}
A primitive root; to be ashamed, confused or disappointed; also (as failing) to dry up (as water) or wither (as herbage).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
from off x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the earth. 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 8:7

_ _ And he sent forth a raven — The smell of carrion would allure it to remain if the earth were in a habitable state. But it kept hovering about the spot, and, being a solitary bird, probably perched on the covering.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 8:6-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 8:7

Noah sent forth a raven through the window of the ark, which went forth, as the Hebrew phrase is, going forth and returning, that is, flying about, but returning to the ark for rest; probably not in it, but upon it. This gave Noah little satisfaction: therefore,

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a raven:

Leviticus 11:15 Every raven after his kind;
1 Kings 17:4 And it shall be, [that] thou shalt drink of the brook; and I have commanded the ravens to feed thee there.
1 Kings 17:6 And the ravens brought him bread and flesh in the morning, and bread and flesh in the evening; and he drank of the brook.
Job 38:41 Who provideth for the raven his food? when his young ones cry unto God, they wander for lack of meat.
Psalms 147:9 He giveth to the beast his food, [and] to the young ravens which cry.

went forth to and fro:
Heb. in going forth and returning
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 11:15. 1K 17:4, 6. Jb 38:41. Ps 147:9.

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