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Genesis 9:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— God enlarge Japheth, And let him dwell in the tents of Shem; And let Canaan be his servant.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “May God enlarge Japheth, And let him dwell in the tents of Shem; And let Canaan be his servant.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Let God enlarge Japheth, and let him dwell in the tents of Shem, And let Canaan be his bondman.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— God give extension to Japheth, But make his habitation in the tents of Shem,—And let Canaan be their servant.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— God doth give beauty to Japheth, And he dwelleth in tents of Shem, And Canaan is servant to him.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— May God enlarge Japheth, and may he dwell in the tents of Sem, and Chanaan be his servant.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— God shall enlarge Iaphet, and he shal dwel in the tents of Shem, and Canaan shalbe his seruant.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— May God make room for Japheth, and let him dwell in the habitations of Shem{gr.Sem}, and let Canaan{gr.Chanaan} be his servant.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Elohim shall enlarge Yefeth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Kenaan shall be his servant.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
shall enlarge 6601
{6601} Prime
פָּתָה
pathah
{paw-thaw'}
A primitive root; to open, that is, be (causatively make) roomy; usually figuratively (in a mental or moral sense) to be (causatively make) simple or (in a sinister way) delude.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
Yefe יֶפֶת, 3315
{3315} Prime
יֶפֶת
Yepheth
{yeh'-feth}
From H6601; expansion; Jepheth, a son of Noah; also his posterity.
and he shall dwell 7931
{7931} Prime
שָׁכַן
shakan
{shaw-kan'}
A primitive root (apparently akin (by transmutation) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; compare H5531 and H7925); to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in the tents 168
{0168} Prime
אֹהֶל
'ohel
{o'-hel}
From H0166; a tent (as clearly conspicuous from a distance).
of m שֵׁם; 8035
{8035} Prime
שֵׁם
Shem
{shame}
The same as H8034; name; Shem, a son of Noah (often including his posterity).
and Cn`an כְּנָעַן 3667
{3667} Prime
כְּנַעַן
K@na`an
{ken-ah'-an}
From H3665; humiliated; Kenaan, a son of Ham; also the country inhabited by him.
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
his servant. 5650
{5650} Prime
עֶבֶד
`ebed
{eh'-bed}
From H5647; a servant.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 9:27

_ _ God shall enlarge Japheth — pointing to a vast increase in posterity and possessions. Accordingly his descendants have been the most active and enterprising, spread over the best and largest portion of the world, all Europe and a considerable part of Asia.

_ _ he shall dwell in the tents of Shem — a prophecy being fulfilled at the present day, as in India British Government is established and the Anglo-Saxons being in the ascendancy from Europe to India, from India over the American continent. What a wonderful prophecy in a few verses (Isaiah 46:10; 1 Peter 1:25)!

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 9:24-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 9:27

God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem — His seed shall be so numerous and so victorious, that they shall be masters of the tents of Shem, which was fulfilled when the people of the Jews, the most eminent of Shem's race, were tributaries to the Grecians first, and after to the Romans, both of Japhet's seed. This also speaks the conversion of the Gentiles, and the bringing of them into the church; and then we should read it, God shall persuade Japheth; (for so the word signifies) and being so persuaded, he shall dwell in the tents of Shem — That is, Jews and Gentiles shall be united together in the gospel — fold: after many of the Gentiles shall have been proselyted to the Jewish religion, both shall be one in Christ, Ephesians 2:14-15. When Japheth joins with Shem, Canaan falls before them both: when strangers become friends, enemies become servants.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 9:27

God shall (t) enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

(t) He declares that the Gentiles, who came from Japheth, and were separated from the Church, should be joined to the same by the persuasion of God's Spirit, and preaching of the gospel.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
enlarge:
or, persuade

Japheth:
Japheth denotes enlargement, and how wonderfully have his boundaries been enlarged; for not only Europe, but Asia Minor, part of Armenia, Iberia, the whole of the vast regions of Asia north of Taurus, and probably America, fell to the share of his posterity.

he shall dwell:
These words may mean either that God or that Japheth shall dwell in the tents of Shem. In either sense the prophecy has been literally fulfilled.

dwell:

Isaiah 11:10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.
Hosea 2:14 Therefore, behold, I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak comfortably unto her.
Malachi 1:11 For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name [shall be] great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense [shall be] offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name [shall be] great among the heathen, saith the LORD of hosts.
Acts 17:14 And then immediately the brethren sent away Paul to go as it were to the sea: but Silas and Timotheus abode there still.
Romans 11:12 Now if the fall of them [be] the riches of the world, and the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness?
Romans 15:12 And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust.
Ephesians 2:13-14 But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ. ... For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition [between us];
Ephesians 2:19 Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;
Ephesians 3:6 That the Gentiles should be fellowheirs, and of the same body, and partakers of his promise in Christ by the gospel:
Ephesians 3:13 Wherefore I desire that ye faint not at my tribulations for you, which is your glory.
Hebrews 11:9-10 By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as [in] a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise: ... For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker [is] God.
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Is 11:10. Ho 2:14. Mal 1:11. Ac 17:14. Ro 11:12; 15:12. Ep 2:13, 19; 3:6, 13. He 11:9.

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