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Genesis 9:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Every moving thing that liveth shall be food for you; As the green herb have I given you all.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Every moving thing that is alive shall be food for you; I give all to you, as [I gave] the green plant.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Every moving thing that liveth shall be food for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Every moving thing that liveth shall be food for you: as the green herb I give you everything.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— As for every moving thing that hath life, yours, shall it be, for food,—Like the green herb, have I given you, all things.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Every creeping thing that is alive, to you it is for food; as the green herb I have given to you the whole;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And every thing that moveth, and liveth shall be meat for you: even as the green herbs have I delivered them all to you:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Euery mouing thing that liueth, shalbe meat for you; euen as the greene herbe haue I giuen you all things.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And every reptile which is living shall be to you for meat, I have given all things to you as the green herbs.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
moving thing 7431
{7431} Prime
רֶמֶשׂ
remes
{reh'-mes}
From H7430; a reptile or any other rapidly moving animal.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
liveth 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
meat 402
{0402} Prime
אָכְלָה
'oklah
{ok-law'}
Feminine of H0401; food.
for you; even as the green 3418
{3418} Prime
יֶרֶק
yereq
{yeh'-rek}
From H3417 (in the sense of vacuity of color); properly pallor, that is, hence the yellowish green of young and sickly vegetation; concretely verdure, that is, grass or vegetation.
herb 6212
{6212} Prime
עֵשֶׂב
`eseb
{eh'-seb}
From an unused root meaning to glisten (or be green); grass (or any tender shoot).
have I given 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
you x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
all things. x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 9:3

_ _ Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you — The third part concerns the means of sustaining life; man was for the first time, it would seem, allowed the use of animal food, but the grant was accompanied with one restriction.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 9:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 9:3

Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you — Hitherto man had been confined to feed only upon the products of the earth, fruits, herbs and roots, and all sorts of corn and milk; so was the first grant, Genesis 1:29. But the flood having perhaps washed away much of the virtue of the earth, and so rendered its fruits less pleasing, and less nourishing, God now enlarged the grant, and allowed man to eat flesh, which perhaps man himself never thought of 'till now. The precepts and provisos of this charter are no less kind and gracious, and instances of God's good — will to man. The Jewish doctors speak so often of the seven precepts of Noah, or of the sons of Noah, which they say were to be observed by all nations, that it may not be amiss to set them down. The first against the worship of idols. The second against blasphemy, and requiring to bless the name of God. The third against murder. The fourth against incest and all uncleanness. The fifth against theft and rapine. The sixth requiring the administration of justice. The seventh against eating flesh with the life. These the Jews required the observation of, from the proselytes of the gate. But the precepts here given, all concern the life of man. Man must not prejudice his own life by eating that food which is unwholsome, and prejudicial to his health.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 9:3

Every (c) moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things.

(c) By this permission man may with a good conscience use the creatures of God for his needs.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Every:

Leviticus 11:1-47 And the LORD spake unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them, ... To make a difference between the unclean and the clean, and between the beast that may be eaten and the beast that may not be eaten.
Leviticus 22:8 That which dieth of itself, or is torn [with beasts], he shall not eat to defile himself therewith: I [am] the LORD.
Deuteronomy 12:15 Notwithstanding thou mayest kill and eat flesh in all thy gates, whatsoever thy soul lusteth after, according to the blessing of the LORD thy God which he hath given thee: the unclean and the clean may eat thereof, as of the roebuck, and as of the hart.
Deuteronomy 14:3-21 Thou shalt not eat any abominable thing. ... Ye shall not eat [of] any thing that dieth of itself: thou shalt give it unto the stranger that [is] in thy gates, that he may eat it; or thou mayest sell it unto an alien: for thou [art] an holy people unto the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.
Acts 10:12-15 Wherein were all manner of fourfooted beasts of the earth, and wild beasts, and creeping things, and fowls of the air. ... And the voice [spake] unto him again the second time, What God hath cleansed, [that] call not thou common.
1 Timothy 4:3-5 Forbidding to marry, [and commanding] to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. ... For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.

even:

Genesis 1:29-30 And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which [is] upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which [is] the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat. ... And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein [there is] life, [I have given] every green herb for meat: and it was so.
Psalms 104:14-15 He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth; ... And wine [that] maketh glad the heart of man, [and] oil to make [his] face to shine, and bread [which] strengtheneth man's heart.
Romans 14:3 Let not him that eateth despise him that eateth not; and let not him which eateth not judge him that eateth: for God hath received him.
Romans 14:14 I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that [there is] nothing unclean of itself: but to him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him [it is] unclean.
Romans 14:17 For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.
Romans 14:20 For meat destroy not the work of God. All things indeed [are] pure; but [it is] evil for that man who eateth with offence.
1 Corinthians 10:23 All things are lawful for me, but all things are not expedient: all things are lawful for me, but all things edify not.
1 Corinthians 10:25-26 Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, [that] eat, asking no question for conscience sake: ... For the earth [is] the Lord's, and the fulness thereof.
1 Corinthians 10:31 Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.
Colossians 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath [days]:
Colossians 2:21-22 (Touch not; taste not; handle not; ... Which all are to perish with the using;) after the commandments and doctrines of men?
1 Timothy 4:3-4 Forbidding to marry, [and commanding] to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. ... For every creature of God [is] good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 1:29. Lv 11:1; 22:8. Dt 12:15; 14:3. Ps 104:14. Ac 10:12. Ro 14:3, 14, 17, 20. 1Co 10:23, 25, 31. Col 2:16, 21. 1Ti 4:3.

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