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Genesis 9:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But flesh with the life thereof, [which is] the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But flesh with the life thereof, [which is] the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Only you shall not eat flesh with its life, [that is], its blood.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But flesh with the life of it, [which is] its blood, shall ye not eat.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Only, the flesh with its life, its blood, ye shall not eat.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Yet, flesh with the life thereof, the blood thereof, shall ye not eat;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— only flesh in its life—its blood—ye do not eat.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Saving that flesh with blood you shall not eat.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But flesh with the life thereof, [which is] the blood thereof, shall you not eate.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But flesh with blood of life ye shall not eat.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But flesh with the life thereof, [which is] the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 389
{0389} Prime
אַךְ
'ak
{ak}
Akin to H0403; a particle of affirmation, surely; hence (by limitation) only.
flesh 1320
{1320} Prime
בָּשָׂר
basar
{baw-sawr'}
From H1319; flesh (from its freshness); by extension body, person; also (by euphemism) the pudenda of a man.
with the life 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
thereof, [which is] the blood 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
thereof, shall ye not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
eat. 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 9:4

_ _ But flesh ... the blood ... shall ye not eat — The sole intention of this prohibition was to prevent these excesses of cannibal ferocity in eating flesh of living animals, to which men in the earlier ages of the world were liable.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 9:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 9:4

But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat — Blood made atonement for the soul, Leviticus 17:11. The life of the sacrifice was accepted for the life of the sinner. Blood must not be looked upon as a common thing, but must be poured out before the Lord, 2 Samuel 23:16. Mr. Henry indeed has a strange conceit, That this is only a prohibition to eat flesh. This does such apparent violence to the text, that to mention it, is sufficient.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 9:4

(d) But flesh with the life thereof, [which is] the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.

(d) That is, living creatures, and the flesh of beasts that are strangled: and by this all cruelty is forbidden.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the life:

Leviticus 3:17 [It shall be] a perpetual statute for your generations throughout all your dwellings, that ye eat neither fat nor blood.
Leviticus 7:26 Moreover ye shall eat no manner of blood, [whether it be] of fowl or of beast, in any of your dwellings.
Leviticus 17:10-14 And whatsoever man [there be] of the house of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among you, that eateth any manner of blood; I will even set my face against that soul that eateth blood, and will cut him off from among his people. ... For [it is] the life of all flesh; the blood of it [is] for the life thereof: therefore I said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall eat the blood of no manner of flesh: for the life of all flesh [is] the blood thereof: whosoever eateth it shall be cut off.
Leviticus 19:26 Ye shall not eat [any thing] with the blood: neither shall ye use enchantment, nor observe times.
Deuteronomy 12:16 Only ye shall not eat the blood; ye shall pour it upon the earth as water.
Deuteronomy 12:23 Only be sure that thou eat not the blood: for the blood [is] the life; and thou mayest not eat the life with the flesh.
Deuteronomy 14:21 Ye shall not eat [of] any thing that dieth of itself: thou shalt give it unto the stranger that [is] in thy gates, that he may eat it; or thou mayest sell it unto an alien: for thou [art] an holy people unto the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.
Deuteronomy 15:23 Only thou shalt not eat the blood thereof; thou shalt pour it upon the ground as water.
1 Samuel 14:34 And Saul said, Disperse yourselves among the people, and say unto them, Bring me hither every man his ox, and every man his sheep, and slay [them] here, and eat; and sin not against the LORD in eating with the blood. And all the people brought every man his ox with him that night, and slew [them] there.
Acts 15:20 But that we write unto them, that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and [from] fornication, and [from] things strangled, and [from] blood.
Acts 15:25 It seemed good unto us, being assembled with one accord, to send chosen men unto you with our beloved Barnabas and Paul,
Acts 15:29 That ye abstain from meats offered to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication: from which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do well. Fare ye well.
1 Timothy 4:4 For every creature of God [is] good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 3:17; 7:26; 17:10; 19:26. Dt 12:16, 23; 14:21; 15:23. 1S 14:34. Ac 15:20, 25, 29. 1Ti 4:4.

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