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Genesis 9:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And God spake unto Noah, and to his sons with him, saying,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And God spake unto Noah, and to his sons with him, saying,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then God spoke to Noah and to his sons with him, saying,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And God spoke to Noah, and to his sons with him, saying,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And God spoke to Noah, and to his sons with him, saying,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And God spake unto Noah, and unto his sons with him, saying:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And God speaketh unto Noah, and unto his sons with him, saying,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thus also said God to Noe, and to his sons with him:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And God spake vnto Noah, and to his sonnes with him, saying;
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And God spoke to Noah{gr.Noe}, and to his sons with him, saying,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Elohim spake unto Noach, and to his sons with him, saying,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
spake 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
N נֹחַ, 5146
{5146} Prime
נֹחַ
Noach
{no'-akh}
The same as H5118; rest; Noach, the patriarch of the flood.
and to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
his sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
him, saying, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 9:8

_ _ Genesis 9:8-29. Rainbow.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 9:8-11

_ _ Here is, I. The general establishment of God's covenant with this new world, and the extent of that covenant, Genesis 9:9, Genesis 9:10. Here observe, 1. That God is graciously pleased to deal with man in the way of a covenant, wherein God greatly magnifies his condescending favour, and greatly encourages man's duty and obedience, as a reasonable and gainful service. 2. That all God's covenants with man are of his own making: I, behold, I. It is thus expressed both to raise our admiration — “Behold, and wonder, that though God be high yet he has this respect to man,” and to confirm our assurances of the validity of the covenant — “Behold and see, I make it; I that am faithful and able to make it good.” 3. That God's covenants are established more firmly than the pillars of heaven or the foundations of the earth, and cannot be disannulled. 4. That God's covenants are made with the covenanters and with their seed; the promise is to them and their children. 5. That those may be taken into covenant with God, and receive the benefits of it, who yet are not capable of restipulating, or giving their own consent. For this covenant is made with every living creature, every beast of the earth.

_ _ II. The particular intention of this covenant. It was designed to secure the world from another deluge: There shall not any more be a flood. God had drowned the world once, and still it was as filthy and provoking as ever, and God foresaw the wickedness of it, and yet promised he would never drown it any more; for he deals not with us according to our sins. It is owing to God's goodness and faithfulness, not to any reformation of the world, that it has not often been deluged and that it is not deluged now. As the old world was ruined to be a monument of justice, so this world remains to this day, a monument of mercy, according to the oath of God, that the waters of Noah should no more return to cover the earth, Isaiah 54:9. This promise of God keeps the sea and clouds in their decreed place, and sets them gates and bars; hitherto they shall come, Job 38:10, Job 38:11. If the sea should flow but for a few days, as it does twice every day for a few hours, what desolation would it make! And how destructive would the clouds be, if such showers as we have sometimes seen were continued long! But God, by flowing seas and sweeping rains, shows what he could do in wrath; and yet, by preserving the earth from being deluged between both, shows what he can do in mercy and will do in truth. Let us give him the glory of his mercy in promising and of his truth in performing. This promise does not hinder, 1. But that God may bring other wasting judgments upon mankind; for, though he has here bound himself not to use this arrow any more, yet he has other arrows in his quiver. 2. Nor but that he may destroy particular places and countries by the inundations of the sea or rivers. 3. Nor will the destruction of the world at the last day by fire be any breach of his promise. Sin which drowned the old world will burn this.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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