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Hebrews 10:32 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after ye were enlightened, ye endured a great conflict of sufferings;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after ye were illuminated, ye endured a great fight of afflictions;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But remember the former days, when, after being enlightened, you endured a great conflict of sufferings,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after ye were illuminated, ye endured a great fight of afflictions;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But call to mind the earlier days in which, having been enlightened, ye endured much conflict of sufferings;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But be calling to mind the former days, in which, once ye were illuminated, a great combat of sufferings, ye endured;—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And call to your remembrance the former days, in which, having been enlightened, ye did endure much conflict of sufferings,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But call to mind the former days, wherein, being illuminated, you endured a great fight of afflictions.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But call to remembrance the former dayes, in which after yee were illuminated, ye indured a great fight of afflictions:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Be mindful, therefore, of the first days, those in which ye received baptism; and when ye sustained a great agony of sufferings, with ignominy and affliction;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Therefore, recollect ye the former days, those in which ye received baptism, and endured a great conflict of sufferings, with reproach and affliction;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
call to remembrance 363
{0363} Prime
From G0303 and G3403; to remind; reflexively to recollect.
<5732> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 41
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
former 4386
{4386} Prime
Neuter of G4387 as adverb (with or without the article); previously.
days, 2250
{2250} Prime
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
which, 3739
{3739} Prime
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
after ye were illuminated, 5461
{5461} Prime
From G5457; to shed rays, that is, to shine or (transitively) to brighten up (literally or figuratively).
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
ye endured 5278
{5278} Prime
From G5259 and G3306; to stay under (behind), that is, remain; figuratively to undergo, that is, bear (trials), have fortitude, persevere.
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
a great 4183
{4183} Prime
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
fight 119
{0119} Prime
From G0118; a struggle (figuratively).
of afflictions; 3804
{3804} Prime
From a presumed derivative of G3806; something undergone, that is, hardship or pain; subjectively an emotion or influence.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 10:32

_ _ As previously he has warned them by the awful end of apostates, so here he stirs them up by the remembrance of their own former faith, patience, and self-sacrificing love. So Revelation 2:3, Revelation 2:4.

_ _ call to remembrance — habitually: so the present tense means.

_ _ illuminated — “enlightened”: come to “the knowledge of the truth” (Hebrews 10:26) in connection with baptism (see on Hebrews 6:4). In spiritual baptism, Christ, who is “the Light,” is put on. “On the one hand, we are not to sever the sign and the grace signified where the sacrifice truly answers its designs; on the other, the glass is not to be mistaken for the liquor, nor the sheath for the sword” [Bengel].

_ _ fight of — that is, consisting of afflictions.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 10:19-39.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 10:32

Enlightened — With the knowledge of God and of his truth.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 10:32

(11) But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after ye were illuminated, ye endured a great fight of afflictions;

(11) As he terrified the fallers away from God, so does he now comfort them that are constant and stand firm, setting before them the success of their former fights, so stirring them up to a sure hope of a full and ready victory.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Galatians 3:3-4 Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh? ... Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if [it be] yet in vain.
Philippians 3:16 Nevertheless, whereto we have already attained, let us walk by the same rule, let us mind the same thing.
2 John 1:8 Look to yourselves, that we lose not those things which we have wrought, but that we receive a full reward.
Revelation 2:5 Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.
Revelation 3:3 Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.


Hebrews 6:4 For [it is] impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,
Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, [and] to turn [them] from darkness to light, and [from] the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.
2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to [give] the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

ye endured:

Hebrews 12:4 Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, striving against sin.
Acts 8:1-3 And Saul was consenting unto his death. And at that time there was a great persecution against the church which was at Jerusalem; and they were all scattered abroad throughout the regions of Judaea and Samaria, except the apostles. ... As for Saul, he made havock of the church, entering into every house, and haling men and women committed [them] to prison.
Acts 9:1-2 And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest, ... And desired of him letters to Damascus to the synagogues, that if he found any of this way, whether they were men or women, he might bring them bound unto Jerusalem.
Philippians 1:29-30 For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake; ... Having the same conflict which ye saw in me, and now hear [to be] in me.
Colossians 2:1 For I would that ye knew what great conflict I have for you, and [for] them at Laodicea, and [for] as many as have not seen my face in the flesh;
2 Timothy 2:3-13 Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ. ... If we believe not, [yet] he abideth faithful: he cannot deny himself.
2 Timothy 4:7-8 I have fought a good fight, I have finished [my] course, I have kept the faith: ... Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ac 8:1; 9:1; 26:18. 2Co 4:6. Ga 3:3. Php 1:29; 3:16. Col 2:1. 2Ti 2:3; 4:7. He 6:4; 12:4. 2Jn 1:8. Rv 2:5; 3:3.

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