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Hebrews 9:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore even the first [covenant] hath not been dedicated without blood.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Whereupon neither the first [testament] was dedicated without blood.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore even the first [covenant] was not inaugurated without blood.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Hence even the first [testament] was not dedicated without blood.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Whence neither the first was inaugurated without blood.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Whence, not even the first, apart from blood, hath been consecrated;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— whence not even the first apart from blood hath been initiated,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Whereupon neither was the first indeed dedicated without blood.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Whereupon, neither the first [Testament] was dedicated without blood.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Wherefore neither the first without blood was confirmed.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Therefore also the first [covenant] was not confirmed without blood.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Whereupon 3606
{3606} Prime
From G3739 with the directive enclitic of source; from which place or source or cause (adverbially or conjugationally).
neither 3761
{3761} Prime
From G3756 and G1161; not however, that is, neither, nor, not even.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
first 4413
{4413} Prime
Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance).
[testament] was dedicated 1457
{1457} Prime
From G1456; to renew, that is, inaugurate.
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
without 5565
{5565} Prime
Adverb from G5561; at a space, that is, separately or apart from (often as preposition).
blood. 129
{0129} Prime
Of uncertain derivation; blood, literally (of men or animals), figuratively (the juice of grapes) or specifically (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication bloodshed, also kindred.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 9:18

_ _ Whereupon — rather, “Whence.”

_ _ dedicated — “inaugurated.” The Old Testament strictly and formally began on that day of inauguration. “Where the disposition, or arrangement, is ratified by the blood of another, namely, of animals, which cannot make a covenant, much less make a testament, it is not strictly a testament, where it is ratified by the death of him that makes the arrangement, it is strictly, Greekdiathece,Hebrewberith,’ taken in a wider sense, a testament” [Bengel]; thus, in Hebrews 9:18, referring to the old dispensation, we may translate, “the first (covenant)”: or better, retain “the first (testament),” not that the old dispensation, regarded by itself, is a testament, but it is so when regarded as the typical representative of the new, which is strictly a Testament.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 9:15-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 9:18

Whence neither was the first — The Jewish covenant, originally transacted without the blood of an appointed sacrifice.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 9:18

(12) Whereupon neither the first [testament] was dedicated without blood.

(12) There must be a proportion between those things which purify and those which are purified: Under the law all those figures were earthly, the tabernacle, the book, the vessels, the sacrifices, although they were the signs of heavenly things. Therefore it was required that all those should be purified with some matter and ceremony of the same nature, that is, with the blood of beasts, with water, wool, hyssop. But under Christ all things are heavenly, a heavenly tabernacle, heavenly sacrifice, heavenly people, heavenly doctrine, and heaven itself is set open before us for an eternal home. Therefore all these things are sanctified in a similar way, that is, with the everlasting offering of the quickening blood of Christ.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the first:

Hebrews 8:7-9 For if that first [covenant] had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. ... Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
Exodus 12:22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip [it] in the blood that [is] in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that [is] in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.
Exodus 24:3-8 And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which the LORD hath said will we do. ... And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled [it] on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words.

or, purified,
Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
Hebrews 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
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Ex 12:22; 24:3. He 8:7; 9:14, 22.

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