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Hosea 14:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely; for mine anger is turned away from him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely: for mine anger is turned away from him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I will heal their apostasy, I will love them freely, For My anger has turned away from them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely: for my anger is turned away from him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely; for mine anger is turned away from him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I will heal their apostacy, I will love them freely,—for mine anger, hath turned, from them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I heal their backsliding, I love them freely, For turned back hath Mine anger from him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I will heal their breaches, I will love them freely: for my wrath is turned away from them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I will heale their backsliding, I will loue them freely: for mine anger is turned away from him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I will restore their dwellings, I will love them truly: for he has turned away my wrath from him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely: for mine anger is turned away from him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I will heal 7495
{7495} Prime
רָפָא
rapha'
{raw-faw'}
A primitive root; properly to mend (by stitching), that is, (figuratively) to cure.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
their backsliding, 4878
{4878} Prime
מְשׁוּבָה
m@shuwbah
{mesh-oo-baw'}
From H7725; apostasy.
I will love 157
{0157} Prime
אָהַב
'ahab
{aw-hab'}
A primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
them freely: 5071
{5071} Prime
נְדָבָה
n@dabah
{ned-aw-baw'}
From H5068; properly (abstractly) spontaneity, or (adjectively) spontaneous; also (concretely) a spontaneous or (by inference, in plural) abundant gift.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
mine anger 639
{0639} Prime
אַף
'aph
{af}
From H0599; properly the nose or nostril; hence the face, and occasionally a person; also (from the rapid breathing in passion) ire.
is turned away 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 14:4

_ _ God’s gracious reply to their self-condemning prayer.

_ _ backslidingapostasy: not merely occasional backslidings. God can heal the most desperate sinfulness [Calvin].

_ _ freely — with a gratuitous, unmerited, and abundant love (Ezekiel 16:60-63). So as to the spiritual Israel (John 15:16; Romans 3:24; Romans 5:8; 1 John 4:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Hosea 14:4-7

_ _ We have here an answer of peace to the prayers of returning Israel. They seek God's face, and they shall not seek in vain. God will be sure to meet those in a way of mercy who return to him in a way of duty. If we speak to God in good prayers, God will speak to us in good promises, as he answered the angel with good words and comfortable words, Zechariah 1:13. If we take with us the foregoing words in our coming to God, we may take home with us these following words for our faith to feast upon; and see how these answer those.

_ _ I. Do they dread and deprecate God's displeasure, and therefore return to him? He assures them that, upon their submission, his anger is turned away from them. This is laid as the ground of all the other favours here promised. I will do so and so, for my anger is turned away, and thereby a door is opened for all good to flow to them, Isaiah 12:1. Note, Though God is justly and greatly angry with sinners, yet he is not implacable in his anger; it may be turned away; it shall be turned away, from those that turn away from their iniquity. God will be reconciled to those that are reconciled to him and to his whole will.

_ _ II. Do they pray for the taking away of iniquity? He assures them that he will heal their backslidings; so he promised, Jeremiah 3:22. Note, Though backslidings from God are the dangerous diseases and wounds of the soul, yet they are not incurable, for God has graciously promised that if backsliding sinners will apply to him as their physician, and comply with his methods, he will heal their backslidings. He will heal the guilt of their backslidings by pardoning mercy and their bent to backslide by renewing grace. Their iniquity shall not be their ruin.

_ _ III. Do they pray that God will receive them graciously? In answer to that, behold, it is promised, I will love them freely. God had hated them while they went on sin (Hosea 9:15); but now that they return and repent he loves them, not only ceases to be angry with them, but takes complacency in them and designs their good. He loves them freely, with an absolute entire love (so some), so that there are no remains of his former displeasure, with a liberal bountiful love (so others); he will be open-handed in his love to them, and will think nothing too much to bestow upon them or to do for them. Or with a cheerful willing love; he will love them without reluctancy or renitency. He will not say in the day of thy repentance, How shall I receive thee again? as he said in the day of thy apostasy, How shall I give thee up? Or with an unmerited preventing love. Whom God loves he loves freely, not because they deserve it, but of his own good pleasure. He loves because he will love, Deut, Hosea 7:7, Hosea 7:8.

_ _ IV. Do they pray that God will give good, will make them good? In answer to that, behold, it is promised, I will be as the dew unto Israel, Hosea 14:5. Observe,

_ _ 1. What shall be the favour God will bestow upon them. It is the blessing of their father Jacob, God give thee the dew of heaven, Genesis 27:28. Nay, what they need God will not only give them, but he will himself be that to them, all that which they need: I will be as the dew unto Israel. This ensures spiritual blessings in heavenly things; and it follows upon the healing of their backslidings, for pardoning mercy is always accompanied with renewing grace. Note, To Israelites indeed God himself will be as the dew. He will instruct them; his doctrine shall drop upon them as the dew, Deuteronomy 32:2. They shall know more and more of him, for he will come to them as the rain, Hosea 6:3. He will refresh them with his comforts, so that their souls shall be as a watered garden, Isaiah 58:11. He will be to true penitents as the dew to Israel when they were in the wilderness, dew that had manna in it, Exodus 16:14; Numbers 11:9. The graces of the Spirit are the hidden manna, hidden in the dew; God will give them bread from heaven, as he did to Israel in the dew in abundance, John 1:16.

_ _ 2. What shall be the fruit of that favour which shall be produced in them. The grace thus freely bestowed on them shall not be in vain. Those souls, those Israelites, to whom God is as the dew, on whom his grace distils,

_ _ (1.) Shall be growing. The bad being by the grace of God made good, they shall by the same grace be made better; for grace, wherever it is true, is growing. [1.] They shall grow upwards, and be more flourishing, shall grow as the lily, or (as some read it) shall blossom as the rose. The growth of the lily, as that of all bulbous roots, is very quick and speedy. The root of the lily seems lost in the ground all winter, but, when it is refreshed with the dews of the spring, it starts up in a little time; so the grace of God improves young converts sometimes very fast. The lily, when it has come to its height, is a lovely flower (Matthew 6:29), so grace is the comeliness of the soul, Ezekiel 16:14. it is the beauty of holiness that is produced by the dew of the morning, Psalms 110:3. [2.] They shall grow downwards, and be more firm. The lily indeed grows fast, and grows fine, but it soon fades and is easily plucked up; and therefore it is here promised to Israel that with the flower of the lily he shall have the root of the cedar: He shall cast forth his roots as Lebanon, as the trees of Lebanon, which, having taken deep root, cannot be plucked up, Amos 9:15. Note, Spiritual growth consists most in the growth of the root, which is out of sight. The more we depend upon Christ and draw sap and virtue from him, the more we act in religion from a principle and the more steadfast and resolved we are in it, the more we cast forth our roots. [3.] They shall grow round about (Hosea 14:6): His branches shall spread on all sides. And (Hosea 14:7) he shall grow as the vine, whose branches extend furthest of any tree. Joseph was to be a fruitful bough, Genesis 49:22. When many are added to the church from without, when a hopeful generation rises up, then Israel's branches spread. When particular believers abound in good works, and increase in the knowledge of God and in every good gift, then their branches may be said to spread. The inward man is renewed day by day.

_ _ (2.) They shall be graceful and acceptable both to God and man. Grace is the amiable thing, and makes those that have it truly amiable. They are here compared to such trees as are pleasant, [1.] To the sight: His beauty shall be as the olive-tree, which is always green. The Lord called thy name a green olive-tree, Jeremiah 11:16. Ordinances are the beauty of the church, and in them it is, and shall be, ever green. Holiness is the beauty of a soul; when those that believe with the heart make profession with the mouth, and justify and adorn that profession with an agreeable conversation, then their beauty is as the olive-tree, Psalms 52:8. It is a promise to the trees of righteousness that their leaf shall not wither. [2.] To the smell: His smell shall be as Lebanon (Hosea 14:6) and his scent as the wine of Lebanon, Hosea 14:7. This was the praise of their father Jacob, The smell of my son is as the smell of a field which the Lord has blessed, Genesis 27:27. The church is compared to a garden of spices (Song of Songs 4:12, Song of Songs 4:14), which all her garments smell of. True believers are acceptable to God and approved of men. God smells a sweet savour from their spiritual sacrifices (Genesis 8:21), and they are accepted of the multitude of the brethren. Grace is the perfume of the soul, the perfume of the name, makes it like a precious ointment, Ecclesiastes 7:1. The memorial thereof shall be as the wine of Lebanon (so the margin reads it), not only their reviving comforts now, but their surviving honours when they are gone, shall be as the wine of Lebanon, that has a delicate flavour. Flourishing churches have their faith spoken of throughout the world (Romans 1:8) and leave their name to be remembered (Psalms 45:17); and the memory of flourishing saints is blessed, and shall be so, as theirs who by faith obtained a good report.

_ _ (3.) They shall be fruitful and useful. The church is compared here to the vine and the olive, which brings forth useful fruits, to the honour of God and man. Nay, the very shadow of the church shall be agreeable (Hosea 14:7): Those that dwell under his shadow shall return — under God's shadow (so some), under the shadow of the Messias, so the Chaldee. Believers dwell under God's shadow (Psalms 91:1), and there they are and may be safe and easy. But it is rather under the shadow of Israel, under the shadow of the church. Note, God's promises pertain to those, and those only, that dwell under the church's shadow, that attend on God's ordinances and adhere to his people, not those that flee to that shadow only for shelter in a hot gleam, but those that dwell under it. Psalms 27:4. We may apply it to particular believers; when a man is effectually brought home to God all that dwell under his shadow — children, servants, subjects, friends. This day has salvation come to this house. Those that dwell under the shadow of the church shall return; their drooping spirits shall return, and they shall be refreshed and comforted. He restores my soul, Psalms 23:3. They shall revive as the corn, which, when it is sown, dies first, and then revives, and brings forth much fruit, John 12:24. It is promised that God's people shall be blessings to the world, as corn and wine are. And a very great and valuable mercy it is to be serviceable to our generation. Comfort and honour attend it.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 14:4

(e) I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely: for mine anger is turned away from him.

(e) He declares how ready God is to receive those that do repent.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
heal:

Hosea 11:7 And my people are bent to backsliding from me: though they called them to the most High, none at all would exalt [him].
Exodus 15:26 And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I [am] the LORD that healeth thee.
Isaiah 57:18 I have seen his ways, and will heal him: I will lead him also, and restore comforts unto him and to his mourners.
Jeremiah 3:22 Return, ye backsliding children, [and] I will heal your backslidings. Behold, we come unto thee; for thou [art] the LORD our God.
Jeremiah 5:6 Wherefore a lion out of the forest shall slay them, [and] a wolf of the evenings shall spoil them, a leopard shall watch over their cities: every one that goeth out thence shall be torn in pieces: because their transgressions are many, [and] their backslidings are increased.
Jeremiah 8:22 [Is there] no balm in Gilead; [is there] no physician there? why then is not the health of the daughter of my people recovered?
Jeremiah 14:7 O LORD, though our iniquities testify against us, do thou [it] for thy name's sake: for our backslidings are many; we have sinned against thee.
Jeremiah 17:14 Heal me, O LORD, and I shall be healed; save me, and I shall be saved: for thou [art] my praise.
Jeremiah 33:6 Behold, I will bring it health and cure, and I will cure them, and will reveal unto them the abundance of peace and truth.
Matthew 9:12-13 But when Jesus heard [that], he said unto them, They that be whole need not a physician, but they that are sick. ... But go ye and learn what [that] meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.

I will love:

Deuteronomy 7:7-8 The LORD did not set his love upon you, nor choose you, because ye were more in number than any people; for ye [were] the fewest of all people: ... But because the LORD loved you, and because he would keep the oath which he had sworn unto your fathers, hath the LORD brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you out of the house of bondmen, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.
Zephaniah 3:17 The LORD thy God in the midst of thee [is] mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.
Romans 3:24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:
Ephesians 1:6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.
Ephesians 2:4-9 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, ... Not of works, lest any man should boast.
2 Timothy 1:9 Who hath saved us, and called [us] with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,
Titus 3:4 But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared,

for:

Numbers 25:4 And the LORD said unto Moses, Take all the heads of the people, and hang them up before the LORD against the sun, that the fierce anger of the LORD may be turned away from Israel.
Numbers 25:11 Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, hath turned my wrath away from the children of Israel, while he was zealous for my sake among them, that I consumed not the children of Israel in my jealousy.
Psalms 78:38 But he, [being] full of compassion, forgave [their] iniquity, and destroyed [them] not: yea, many a time turned he his anger away, and did not stir up all his wrath.
Isaiah 12:1 And in that day thou shalt say, O LORD, I will praise thee: though thou wast angry with me, thine anger is turned away, and thou comfortedst me.
2 Corinthians 5:19-21 To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation. ... For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 15:26. Nu 25:4, 11. Dt 7:7. Ps 78:38. Is 12:1; 57:18. Jr 3:22; 5:6; 8:22; 14:7; 17:14; 33:6. Ho 11:7. Zp 3:17. Mt 9:12. Ro 3:24. 2Co 5:19. Ep 1:6; 2:4. 2Ti 1:9. Tit 3:4.

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