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Isaiah 1:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Your country is desolate; your cities are burned with fire; your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and it is desolate, as overthrown by strangers.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Your country [is] desolate, your cities [are] burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and [it is] desolate, as overthrown by strangers.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Your land is desolate, Your cities are burned with fire, Your fields—strangers are devouring them in your presence; It is desolation, as overthrown by strangers.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Your country [is] desolate, your cities [are] burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and [it is] desolate, as overthrown by strangers.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Your country is desolate; your cities are burned with fire; your land, strangers eat it up in your presence, and it is desolate, as overthrown by strangers.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Your country—is a desolation, Your cities—are consumed with fire,—Your soil—right before your eyes, foreigners are devouring it, And it is a desolation, a very overthrow by foreigners;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Your land [is] a desolation, your cities burnt with fire, Your ground, before you strangers are consuming it, And a desolation as overthrown by strangers!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Your land is desolate, your cities are burnt with fire: your country strangers devour before your face, and it shall be desolate as when wasted by enemies.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Your countrey [is] desolate, your cities are burnt with fire: your land, strangers deuoure it in your presence, and [it is] desolate as ouerthrowen by strangers.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Your land is desolate, your cities burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and it is made desolate, overthrown by strange nations.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Your country [is] desolate, your cities [are] burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and [it is] desolate, as overthrown by strangers.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Your country 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
[is] desolate, 8077
{8077} Prime
שְׁמָמָה
sh@mamah
{shem-aw-maw'}
Feminine of H8076; devastation; figuratively astonishment.
your cities 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
[are] burned 8313
{8313} Prime
שָׂרַף
saraph
{saw-raf'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively set) on fire.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
with fire: 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
your land, 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
strangers 2114
{2114} Prime
זוּר
zuwr
{zoor}
A primitive root; to turn aside (especially for lodging); hence to be a foreigner, strange, profane; specifically (active participle) to commit adultery.
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
devour 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
it in your presence, x5048
(5048) Complement
נֶגֶד
neged
{neh'-ghed}
From H5046; a front, that is, part opposite; specifically a counterpart, or mate; usually (adverbially, especially with preposition) over against or before.
and [it is] desolate, 8077
{8077} Prime
שְׁמָמָה
sh@mamah
{shem-aw-maw'}
Feminine of H8076; devastation; figuratively astonishment.
as overthrown 4114
{4114} Prime
מַהְפֵּכָה
mahpekah
{mah-pay-kaw'}
From H2015; a destruction.
by strangers. 2114
{2114} Prime
זוּר
zuwr
{zoor}
A primitive root; to turn aside (especially for lodging); hence to be a foreigner, strange, profane; specifically (active participle) to commit adultery.
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 1:7

_ _ Judah had not in Uzziah’s reign recovered from the ravages of the Syrians in Joash’s reign (2 Chronicles 24:24), and of Israel in Amaziah’s reign (2 Chronicles 25:13, 2 Chronicles 25:23, etc.). Compare Isaiah’s contemporary (Amos 4:6-11), where, as here (Isaiah 1:9, Isaiah 1:10), Israel is compared to “Sodom and Gomorrah,” because of the judgments on it by “fire.”

_ _ in your presence — before your eyes: without your being able to prevent them.

_ _ desolate, etc. — literally, “there is desolation, such as one might look for from foreign” invaders.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 1:2-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 1:7

In your presence — Which your eye shall see to torment you, when there is no power in your hands to deliver you. As — Heb. as the overthrow of strangers, that is, which strangers bring upon a land which is not likely to continue in their hands, and therefore they spare no persons, and spoil and destroy all things, which is not usually done in wars between persons of the same, or of a neighbouring nation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 1:7

Your country [is] desolate, your cities [are] burned with fire: your land, foreigners devour it in your presence, and [it is] desolate, as overthrown by (n) foreigners.

(n) Meaning, of them who dwell far off, who because they look for no advantage of that which remains destroy all before them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
country:

Isaiah 5:5-6 And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; [and] break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down: ... And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.
Isaiah 5:9 In mine ears [said] the LORD of hosts, Of a truth many houses shall be desolate, [even] great and fair, without inhabitant.
Isaiah 6:11 Then said I, Lord, how long? And he answered, Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate,
Isaiah 24:10-12 The city of confusion is broken down: every house is shut up, that no man may come in. ... In the city is left desolation, and the gate is smitten with destruction.
Leviticus 26:34 Then shall the land enjoy her sabbaths, as long as it lieth desolate, and ye [be] in your enemies' land; [even] then shall the land rest, and enjoy her sabbaths.
Deuteronomy 28:51 And he shall eat the fruit of thy cattle, and the fruit of thy land, until thou be destroyed: which [also] shall not leave thee [either] corn, wine, or oil, [or] the increase of thy kine, or flocks of thy sheep, until he have destroyed thee.
2 Chronicles 28:5 Wherefore the LORD his God delivered him into the hand of the king of Syria; and they smote him, and carried away a great multitude of them captives, and brought [them] to Damascus. And he was also delivered into the hand of the king of Israel, who smote him with a great slaughter.
2 Chronicles 28:16-21 At that time did king Ahaz send unto the kings of Assyria to help him. ... For Ahaz took away a portion [out] of the house of the LORD, and [out] of the house of the king, and of the princes, and gave [it] unto the king of Assyria: but he helped him not.
Psalms 107:34 A fruitful land into barrenness, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein.
Psalms 107:39 Again, they are minished and brought low through oppression, affliction, and sorrow.
Jeremiah 6:8 Be thou instructed, O Jerusalem, lest my soul depart from thee; lest I make thee desolate, a land not inhabited.

burned:

Isaiah 9:5 For every battle of the warrior [is] with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but [this] shall be with burning [and] fuel of fire.
Isaiah 34:9 And the streams thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into brimstone, and the land thereof shall become burning pitch.
Jeremiah 2:15 The young lions roared upon him, [and] yelled, and they made his land waste: his cities are burned without inhabitant.

strangers:

Isaiah 5:17 Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.
Deuteronomy 28:33 The fruit of thy land, and all thy labours, shall a nation which thou knowest not eat up; and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed alway:
Deuteronomy 28:43 The stranger that [is] within thee shall get up above thee very high; and thou shalt come down very low.
Deuteronomy 28:48-52 Therefore shalt thou serve thine enemies which the LORD shall send against thee, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and in want of all [things]: and he shall put a yoke of iron upon thy neck, until he have destroyed thee. ... And he shall besiege thee in all thy gates, until thy high and fenced walls come down, wherein thou trustedst, throughout all thy land: and he shall besiege thee in all thy gates throughout all thy land, which the LORD thy God hath given thee.
Lamentations 5:2 Our inheritance is turned to strangers, our houses to aliens.
Ezekiel 30:12 And I will make the rivers dry, and sell the land into the hand of the wicked: and I will make the land waste, and all that is therein, by the hand of strangers: I the LORD have spoken [it].
Hosea 7:9 Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knoweth [it] not: yea, gray hairs are here and there upon him, yet he knoweth not.
Hosea 8:7 For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it hath no stalk: the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield, the strangers shall swallow it up.

overthrown by strangers:
Heb. the overthrow of strangers
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 26:34. Dt 28:33, 43, 48, 51. 2Ch 28:5, 16. Ps 107:34, 39. Is 5:5, 9, 17; 6:11; 9:5; 24:10; 34:9. Jr 2:15; 6:8. Lm 5:2. Ezk 30:12. Ho 7:9; 8:7.

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