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Isaiah 29:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And thou shalt be brought down, and shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust; and thy voice shall be as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And thou shalt be brought down, [and] shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be, as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then you will be brought low; From the earth you will speak, And from the dust [where] you are prostrate Your words [will come]. Your voice will also be like that of a spirit from the ground, And your speech will whisper from the dust.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And thou shalt be brought down, [and] shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be, as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And thou shalt be brought low, thou shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall come low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And thou shalt be brought low—Out of the earth, shalt thou speak, And, out of the dust, shalt thou lower thine utterance,—And, as one that hath a familiar spirit, Out of the earth, shall come thy voice, And, out of the dust, thy speech shall chirp;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And thou hast been low, From the earth thou speakest, And from the dust makest thy saying low, And thy voice hath been from the earth, As one having a familiar spirit, And from the dust thy saying whisperest,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou shalt be brought down, thou shall speak out of the earth, and thy speech shall be heard out of the ground: and thy voice shall be from the earth like that of the python, and out of the earth thy speech shall mutter.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And thou shalt bee brought downe, [and] shalt speake out of the ground, and thy speach shall be low out of the dust, and thy voyce shalbe as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speach shall whisper out of the dust.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And thy words shall be brought down to the earth, and thy words shall sink down to the earth, and thy voice shall be as they that speak out of the earth, and thy voice shall be lowered to the ground.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And thou shalt be brought down, [and] shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be, as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And thou shalt be brought down, 8213
{8213} Prime
שָׁפֵל
shaphel
{shaw-fale'}
A primitive root; to depress or sink (especially figuratively to humiliate, intransitively or transitively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[and] shalt speak 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
out of the ground, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and thy speech 565
{0565} Prime
אִמְרָה
'imrah
{im-raw'}
The second form is the feminine of H0561, and meaning the same.
shall be low 7817
{7817} Prime
שָׁחַח
shachach
{shaw-khakh'}
A primitive root; to sink or depress (reflexively or causatively).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
out of the dust, 6083
{6083} Prime
עָפָר
`aphar
{aw-fawr'}
From H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence clay, earth, mud.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and thy voice 6963
{6963} Prime
קוֹל
qowl
{kole}
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
shall be, x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
as of one that hath a familiar spirit, 178
{0178} Prime
אוֹב
'owb
{obe}
From the same as H0001 (apparently through the idea of prattling a father's name); properly a mumble, that is, a water skin (from its hollow sound); hence a necromancer (ventriloquist, as from a jar).
out of the ground, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and thy speech 565
{0565} Prime
אִמְרָה
'imrah
{im-raw'}
The second form is the feminine of H0561, and meaning the same.
shall whisper 6850
{6850} Prime
צָפַף
tsaphaph
{tsaw-faf'}
A primitive root; to coo or chirp (as a bird).
z8770
<8770> Grammar
Stem - Pilpel (See H8842)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 18
out of the dust. 6083
{6083} Prime
עָפָר
`aphar
{aw-fawr'}
From H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence clay, earth, mud.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 29:4

_ _ Jerusalem shall be as a captive, humbled to the dust. Her voice shall come from the earth as that of the spirit-charmers or necromancers (Isaiah 8:19), faint and shrill, as the voice of the dead was supposed to be. Ventriloquism was doubtless the trick caused to make the voice appear to come from the earth (Isaiah 19:3). An appropriate retribution that Jerusalem, which consulted necromancers, should be made like them!

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 29:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 29:4

And thou — Thou who now speakest so loftily, shall be humbled, and with a low voice, beg the favour of thine enemies. As one — Who, that they might possess the people with a kind of reverence and horror, used to deliver their answers with a low voice, from some cave under the ground.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 29:4

And thou shalt be brought down, [and] shalt speak out of the (d) ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be, like a medium, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.

(d) Your speech will be no longer be so lofty but abased and low as the very charmers who are in low places and whisper, so that their voice can scarcely by heard.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thou shalt:

Isaiah 2:11-21 The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down, and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day. ... To go into the clefts of the rocks, and into the tops of the ragged rocks, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth.
Isaiah 3:8 For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings [are] against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his glory.
Isaiah 51:23 But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict thee; which have said to thy soul, Bow down, that we may go over: and thou hast laid thy body as the ground, and as the street, to them that went over.
Psalms 44:25 For our soul is bowed down to the dust: our belly cleaveth unto the earth.
Lamentations 1:9 Her filthiness [is] in her skirts; she remembereth not her last end; therefore she came down wonderfully: she had no comforter. O LORD, behold my affliction: for the enemy hath magnified [himself].

whisper:
Heb. peep, or chirp,
Isaiah 8:19 And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits, and unto wizards that peep, and that mutter: should not a people seek unto their God? for the living to the dead?
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Ps 44:25. Is 2:11; 3:8; 8:19; 51:23. Lm 1:9.

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"Is not My word like fire?" declares the LORD, "and like a hammer which shatters a rock?

- dd (3/21/2018 5:59:13 AM)
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