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Isaiah 32:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But it shall hail in the downfall of the forest; and the city shall be utterly laid low.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— When it shall hail, coming down on the forest; and the city shall be low in a low place.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And it will hail when the forest comes down, And the city will be utterly laid low.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— When it shall hail, coming down on the forest; and the city shall be low in a low place.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And it shall hail, coming down on the forest; and the city shall be low in a low place.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But it shall hail during the felling of the forest, And, in a sunken place, shall, the city, sink.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And it hath hailed in the going down of the forest, And in the valley is the city low.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But hail shall be in the descent of the forest, and the city shall be made very low.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— When it shall haile, comming downe on the forrest; and the citie shall be low in a low place.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And if the hail should come down, it shall not come upon you; and they that dwell in the forests shall be in confidence, as those in the plain country.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— When it shall hail, coming down on the forest; and the city shall be low in a low place.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
When it shall hail, 1258
{1258} Prime
A primitive root, to hail.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
coming down 3381
{3381} Prime
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
on the forest; 3293
{3293} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to thicken with verdure; a copse of bushes; hence a forest; hence honey in the comb (as hived in trees).
and the city 5892
{5892} Prime
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
shall be low 8213
{8213} Prime
A primitive root; to depress or sink (especially figuratively to humiliate, intransitively or transitively).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in a low place. 8218
{8218} Prime
Feminine of H8216; depression.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 32:9-20.

Isaiah 32:19

_ _ Literally, “But it shall hail with coming down of the forest, and in lowness shall the city (Nineveh) be brought low; that is, humbled.” The “hail” is Jehovah’s wrathful visitation (Isaiah 30:30; Isaiah 28:2, Isaiah 28:17). The “forest” is the Assyrian host, dense as the trees of a forest (Isaiah 10:18, Isaiah 10:19, Isaiah 10:33, Isaiah 10:34; Zechariah 11:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 32:9-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 32:19

It shall hail — As my blessings shall be poured down upon my people, who, from a wilderness, are turned into a fruitful field, so my judgments (which are signified by hail, Isaiah 28:2, Isaiah 28:17, and elsewhere) shall fall upon them, who were a fruitful field, but are turned into a forest, upon the unbelieving and rebellious Jews. The city — Jerusalem, which, though now it was the seat of God's worship and people, yet he foresaw, would be the great enemy of the Messiah. Low — Heb. shall be humbled with humiliation: shall be greatly humbled, or brought very low.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 32:19

When it shall hail, coming down on the forest; and the (m) city shall be low in a low place.

(m) They will not need to build it in high places for fear of the enemy: for God will defend it, and turn away the storms from hurting their conveniences.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
it shall:

Isaiah 25:4 For thou hast been a strength to the poor, a strength to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shadow from the heat, when the blast of the terrible ones [is] as a storm [against] the wall.
Isaiah 28:2 Behold, the Lord hath a mighty and strong one, [which] as a tempest of hail [and] a destroying storm, as a flood of mighty waters overflowing, shall cast down to the earth with the hand.
Isaiah 28:17 Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding place.
Isaiah 30:30 And the LORD shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall shew the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of [his] anger, and [with] the flame of a devouring fire, [with] scattering, and tempest, and hailstones.
Isaiah 37:24 By thy servants hast thou reproached the Lord, and hast said, By the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon; and I will cut down the tall cedars thereof, [and] the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the height of his border, [and] the forest of his Carmel.
Exodus 9:18-26 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now. ... Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel [were], was there no hail.
Ezekiel 13:11-13 Say unto them which daub [it] with untempered [morter], that it shall fall: there shall be an overflowing shower; and ye, O great hailstones, shall fall; and a stormy wind shall rend [it]. ... Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; I will even rend [it] with a stormy wind in my fury; and there shall be an overflowing shower in mine anger, and great hailstones in [my] fury to consume [it].
Matthew 7:25 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock.
Revelation 8:7 The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.

on the:

Zechariah 11:2 Howl, fir tree; for the cedar is fallen; because the mighty are spoiled: howl, O ye oaks of Bashan; for the forest of the vintage is come down.

the city shall be low:
or, the city shall be utterly abased,
Isaiah 14:22-23 For I will rise up against them, saith the LORD of hosts, and cut off from Babylon the name, and remnant, and son, and nephew, saith the LORD. ... I will also make it a possession for the bittern, and pools of water: and I will sweep it with the besom of destruction, saith the LORD of hosts.
Isaiah 26:5 For he bringeth down them that dwell on high; the lofty city, he layeth it low; he layeth it low, [even] to the ground; he bringeth it [even] to the dust.
Nahum 1:1 The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.
Nahum 1:8 But with an overrunning flood he will make an utter end of the place thereof, and darkness shall pursue his enemies.
Nahum 2:10-13 She is empty, and void, and waste: and the heart melteth, and the knees smite together, and much pain [is] in all loins, and the faces of them all gather blackness. ... Behold, I [am] against thee, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will burn her chariots in the smoke, and the sword shall devour thy young lions: and I will cut off thy prey from the earth, and the voice of thy messengers shall no more be heard.
Revelation 18:21 And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast [it] into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all.
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Ex 9:18. Is 14:22; 25:4; 26:5; 28:2, 17; 30:30; 37:24. Ezk 13:11. Na 1:1, 8; 2:10. Zc 11:2. Mt 7:25. Rv 8:7; 18:21.

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