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Isaiah 49:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye peoples, from far: Jehovah hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far; The LORD hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Listen to Me, O islands, And pay attention, you peoples from afar. The LORD called Me from the womb; From the body of My mother He named Me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Listen to me, O Isles; and hearken, ye people, from far; The LORD hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye peoples from afar. Jehovah hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Hearken, ye Coastlands, unto me, And give ear, ye peoples afar off,—Yahweh, called me, from my birth, From my nativity, made he mention of my name;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Hearken, O isles, unto me, And attend, O peoples, from afar, Jehovah from the womb hath called me, From the bowels of my mother He hath made mention of my name.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Give ear, ye islands, and hearken, ye people from afar. The Lord hath called me from the womb, from the bowels of my mother he hath been mindful of my name.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Listen, O yles, vnto me, and hearken yee people from farre. The LORD hath called mee from the wombe, from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Hearken to me, ye islands; and attend, ye Gentiles; after a long time it shall come to pass, saith the Lord: from my mother's womb he has called my name:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far; Yahweh hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Listen, 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
O isles, 339
{0339} Prime
אִי
'iy
{ee}
From H0183; properly a habitable spot (as desirable); dry land, a coast, an island.
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
me; and hearken, 7181
{7181} Prime
קָשַׁב
qashab
{kaw-shab'}
A primitive root; to prick up the ears, that is, hearken.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
ye people, 3816
{3816} Prime
לְאֹם
l@om
{leh-ome'}
From an unused root meaning to gather; a community.
from far; 7350
{7350} Prime
רָחוֹק
rachowq
{raw-khoke'}
From H7368; remote, literally of figuratively, of place or time; specifically precious; often used adverbially (with preposition).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
hath called 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
me from the womb; 990
{0990} Prime
בֶּטֶן
beten
{beh'-ten}
From an unused root probably meaning to be hollow; the belly, especially the womb; also the bosom or body of anything.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
from the bowels 4578
{4578} Prime
מֵעָה
me`ah
{may-aw'}
From an unused root probably meaning to be soft; used only in plural the intestines, or (collectively) the abdomen, figuratively sympathy; by implication a vest; by extension the stomach, the uterus (or of men, the seat of generation), the heart (figuratively).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of my mother 517
{0517} Prime
אֵם
'em
{ame}
A primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively); (like H0001).
hath he made mention 2142
{2142} Prime
זָכַר
zakar
{zaw-kar'}
A primitive root; properly to mark (so as to be recognized), that is, to remember; by implication to mention; also (as denominative from H2145) to be male.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
of my name. 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 49:1

_ _ Isaiah 49:1-26. Similar to chapter 42:1-7 (Isaiah 49:1-9).

_ _ Messiah, as the ideal Israel (Isaiah 49:3), states the object of His mission, His want of success for a time, yet His certainty of ultimate success.

_ _ O isles — Messiah is here regarded as having been rejected by the Jews (Isaiah 49:4, Isaiah 49:5), and as now turning to the Gentiles, to whom the Father hath given Him “for a light and salvation.” “Isles” mean all regions beyond sea.

_ _ from the womb — (Isaiah 44:2; Luke 1:31; John 10:36).

_ _ from ... bowels ... mention of my name — His name “Jesus” (that is, God-Savior) was designated by God before His birth (Matthew 1:21).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Isaiah 49:1-6

_ _ Here, I. An auditory is summoned together and attention demanded. The sermon in the foregoing chapter was directed to the house of Jacob and the people of Israel, Isaiah 49:1, Isaiah 49:12. But this is directed to the isles (that is, the Gentiles, for they are called the isles of the Gentiles, Genesis 10:5) and to the people from far, that were strangers to the commonwealth of Israel, and afar off. Let these listen (Isaiah 49:1) as to a thing at a distance, which yet they are to hear with desire and attention. Note, 1. The tidings of a Redeemer are sent to the Gentiles, and to those that lie most remote; and they are concerned to listen to them. 2. The Gentiles listened to the gospel when the Jews were deaf to it.

_ _ II. The great author and publisher of the redemption produces his authority from heaven for the work he had undertaken. 1. God had appointed him and set him apart for it: The Lord has called me from the womb to this office and made mention of my name, nominated me to be the Saviour. By an angel he called him Jesusa Saviour, who should save his people from their sins, Matthew 1:21. Nay, from the womb of the divine counsels, before all worlds, he was called to this service, and help was laid upon him; and he came at the call, for he said, Lo, I come, with an eye to what was written of him in the volume of the book. This was said of some of the prophets, as types of him, Jeremiah 1:5. Paul was separated to the apostleship from his mother's womb, Galatians 1:15. 2. God had fitted and qualified him for the service to which he designed him. He made his mouth like a sharp sword, and made him like a polished shaft, or a bright arrow, furnished him with every thing necessary to fight God's battles against the powers of darkness, to conquer Satan, and bring back God's revolted subjects to their allegiance, by his word: that is the two-edged sword (Hebrews 4:12) which comes out of his mouth, Revelation 19:15. The convictions of the word are the arrows that shall be sharp in the hearts of sinners, Psalms 45:5. 3. God had preferred him to the service for which he had reserved him: He has hidden me in the shadow of his hand and in his quiver, which denotes, (1.) Concealment. The gospel of Christ, and the calling in of the Gentiles by it, were long hidden from ages and generations, hidden in God (Ephesians 3:5, Romans 16:25), hidden in the shadow of the ceremonial law and the Old Testament types. (2.) Protection. The house of David was the particular care of the divine Providence, because that blessing was in it. Christ in his infancy was sheltered from the rage of Herod. 4. God had owned him, had said unto him, “Thou art my servant, whom I have employed and will prosper; thou art Israel, in effect, the prince with God, that hast wrestled and prevailed; and in thee I will be glorified.” The people of God are Israel, and they are all gathered together, summed up, as it were, in Christ, the great representative of all Israel, as the high priest who had the names of all the tribes on his breastplate; and in him God is and will be glorified; so he said by a voice from heaven, John 12:27, John 12:28. Some read the words in two clauses: Thou art my servant (so Christ is, Isaiah 42:1); it is Israel in whom I will be glorified by thee; it is the spiritual Israel, the elect, in the salvation of whom by Jesus Christ God will be glorified, and his free grace for ever admired.

_ _ III. He is assured of the good success of his undertaking; for whom God calls he will prosper. And as to this,

_ _ 1. He objects the discouragement he had met with at his first setting out (Isaiah 49:4): “Then I said, with a sad heart, I have laboured in vain; those that were ignorant, and careless, and strangers to God, are so still: I have called, and they have refused; I have stretched out my hands to a gainsaying people.” This was Isaiah's complaint, but it was no more than he was told to expect, Isaiah 6:9. The same was a temptation to Jeremiah to resolve he would labour no more, Jeremiah 20:9. It is the complaint of many a faithful minister, that has not loitered, but laboured, not spared, but spent, his strength, and himself with it, and yet, as to many, it is all in vain and for nought; they will not be prevailed with to repent and believe. But here it seems to point at the obstinacy of the Jews, among whom Christ went in person preaching the gospel of the kingdom, laboured and spent his strength, and yet the rulers and the body of the nation rejected him and his doctrine; so very few were brought in, when one would think none should have stood out, that he might well say, “I have laboured in vain, preached so many sermons, wrought so many miracles, in vain.” Let not the ministers think it strange that they are slighted when the Master himself was.

_ _ 2. He comforts himself under this discouragement with this consideration, that it was the cause of God in which he was engaged and the call of God that engaged him in it: Yet surely my judgment is with the Lord, who is the Judge of all, and my work with my God, whose servant I am. His comfort is, and it may be the comfort of all faithful ministers, when they see little success of their labours, (1.) That, however it be, it is a righteous cause that they are pleading. They are with God, and for God; they are on his side, and workers together with him. They like not their judgment, the rule they go by, nor their work, the business they are employed in, ever the worse for this. The unbelief of men gives them no cause to suspect the truth of their doctrine, Romans 3:3. (2.) That their management of this cause, and their prosecution of this work, were known to God, and they could appeal to him concerning their sincerity, and that it was not through any neglect of theirs that they laboured in vain. “He knows the way that I take; my judgment is with the Lord, to determine whether I have not delivered my soul and left the blood of those that perish on their own heads.” (3.) Though the labour be in vain as to those that are laboured with, yet not as to the labourer himself, if he be faithful: his judgment is with the Lord, who will justify him and bear him out, though men condemn him and run him down; and his work (the reward of his work) is with his God, who will take care he shall be no loser, no, not by his lost labour. (4.) Though the judgment be not yet brought forth unto victory, nor the work to perfection, yet both are with the Lord, to carry them on and give them success, according to his purpose, in his own way and time.

_ _ 3. He receives from God a further answer to this objection, Isaiah 49:5, Isaiah 49:6. He knew very well that God had set him on work, had formed him from the womb to be his servant, had not only called him so early to it (Isaiah 49:1), but begun so early to fit him for it and dispose him to it. Those whom God designs to employ as his servants he is fashioning and preparing to be so long before, when perhaps neither themselves nor others are aware of it. It is he that forms the spirit of man within him. Christ was to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, that had treacherously departed from him. The seed of Jacob therefore, according to the flesh, must first be dealt with, and means used to bring them back. Christ, and the word of salvation by him, are sent to them first; nay, Christ comes in person to them only, to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. But what if Jacob will not be brought back to God and Israel will not be gathered? So it proved; but this is a satisfaction in that case, (1.) Christ will be glorious in the eyes of the Lord; and those are truly glorious that are so in God's eyes. Though few of the Jewish nation were converted by Christ's preaching and miracles, and many of them loaded him with ignominy and disgrace, yet God put honour upon him, and made him glorious, at his baptism, and in his transfiguration, spoke to him from heaven, sent angels to minister to him, made even his shameful death glorious by the many prodigies that attended it, much more his resurrection. In his sufferings God was his strength, so that though he met with all the discouragement imaginable, by the contempts of a people whom he had done so much to oblige, yet he did not fail nor was discouraged. An angel was sent from heaven to strengthen him, Luke 22:43. Faithful ministers, though they see not the fruit of their labours, shall yet be accepted of God, and in that they shall be truly glorious, for his favour is our honour; and they shall be assisted to proceed and persevere in their labours notwithstanding. This weakens their hands, but their God will be their strength. (2.) The gospel shall be glorious in the eyes of the world; though it be not so in the eyes of the Jews, yet it shall be entertained by the nations, Isaiah 49:6. The Messiah seemed as if he had been primarily designed to bring Jacob back, Isaiah 49:5. But he is here told that it is comparatively but a small matter; a higher orb of honour than that, and a larger sphere of usefulness, are designed him: “It is a light thing that thou shouldst be my servant, to raise up the tribes of Jacob to the dignity and dominion they expect by the Messiah, and to restore the preserved of Israel, and make them a flourishing church and state as formerly” (nay, considering what a little handful of people they are, it would be but a small matter, in comparison, for the Messiah to be the Saviour of them only); “and therefore I will give thee for a light to the Gentiles (many great and mighty nations by the gospel of Christ shall be brought to the knowledge and worship of the true God), that thou mayest be my salvation, the author of that salvation which I have designed for lost man, and this to the end of the earth, to nations at the greatest distance.” Hence Simeon learned to call Christ a light to lighten the Gentiles (Luke 2:32), and St. Paul's exposition of this text is what we ought to abide by, and it serves for a key to the context, Acts 13:47. Therefore, says he, we turn to the Gentiles, to preach the gospel to them, because so has the Lord commanded us, saying, I have set thee to be a light to the Gentiles. In this the Redeemer was truly glorious, though Israel was not gathered; the setting up of his kingdom in the Gentile world was more his honour than if he had raised up all the tribes of Jacob. This promise is in part fulfilled already, and will have a further accomplishment, if that time be yet to come which the apostle speaks of, when the fulness of the Gentiles shall be brought in. Observe, God calls it his salvation, which some think intimates how well pleased he was with it, how he gloried in it, and (if I may so say) how much his heart was upon it. They further observe that Christ is given for a light to all those to whom he is given for salvation. It is in darkness that men perish. Christ enlightens men's eyes, and so makes them holy and happy.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 49:1

Listen — God turns his speech to the Gentiles, and invites them to hearken to those counsels and doctrines which the Jews would reject. Me — Unto Christ: Isaiah speaks these words in the name of Christ.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 49:1

Listen, to me O isles; and hearken, ye people, from far; The LORD hath called (a) me from (b) the womb; from the body of my mother hath he made mention of my name.

(a) This is spoken in the person of Christ, to assure the faithful that these promises should come to pass: for they were all made in him and in him would be performed.

(b) This is meant of the time that Christ would be manifested to the world, as in (Psalms 2:7).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Listen:

Isaiah 41:1 Keep silence before me, O islands; and let the people renew [their] strength: let them come near; then let them speak: let us come near together to judgment.
Isaiah 42:1-4 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, [in whom] my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. ... He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.
Isaiah 42:12 Let them give glory unto the LORD, and declare his praise in the islands.
Isaiah 45:22 Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I [am] God, and [there is] none else.
Isaiah 51:5 My righteousness [is] near; my salvation is gone forth, and mine arms shall judge the people; the isles shall wait upon me, and on mine arm shall they trust.
Isaiah 60:9 Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, unto the name of the LORD thy God, and to the Holy One of Israel, because he hath glorified thee.
Isaiah 66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, [to] Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, [to] Tubal, and Javan, [to] the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles.
Zephaniah 2:11 The LORD [will be] terrible unto them: for he will famish all the gods of the earth; and [men] shall worship him, every one from his place, [even] all the isles of the heathen.

and hearken:

Isaiah 55:3 Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, [even] the sure mercies of David.
Isaiah 57:19 I create the fruit of the lips; Peace, peace to [him that is] far off, and to [him that is] near, saith the LORD; and I will heal him.
Ephesians 2:17 And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.
Hebrews 12:25 See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more [shall not] we [escape], if we turn away from him that [speaketh] from heaven:

The LORD[YHWH]:

Isaiah 49:5 And now, saith the LORD that formed me from the womb [to be] his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength.
Psalms 71:5-6 For thou [art] my hope, O Lord GOD: [thou art] my trust from my youth. ... By thee have I been holden up from the womb: thou art he that took me out of my mother's bowels: my praise [shall be] continually of thee.
Jeremiah 1:5 Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, [and] I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations.
Matthew 1:20-21 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. ... And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.
Luke 1:15 For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb.
Luke 1:31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.
Luke 2:10-11 And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. ... For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.
John 10:36 Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?
Galatians 1:15 But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb, and called [me] by his grace,
1 Peter 1:20 Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 71:5. Is 41:1; 42:1, 12; 45:22; 49:5; 51:5; 55:3; 57:19; 60:9; 66:19. Jr 1:5. Zp 2:11. Mt 1:20. Lk 1:15, 31; 2:10. Jn 10:36. Ga 1:15. Ep 2:17. He 12:25. 1P 1:20.

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Jeremiah 4:15 For a voice declareth from Dn and publisheth affliction from mount Efrayim Jeremiah 4:16 Make ye mention 2142 z8685 to the nations; 1471 behold, x2009 publish 8085 z8685 against x5921 Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם, 3389 [that] watchers 5341 z8802 come 935 z8802 from a far 4801 country, 776 x4480 and give out 5414 z8799 their voice 6963 against x5921 the cities 5892 of Yh hebrew 5341 נֹצְרִים put this spelling into modern hebrew translater נֹצְרִים Christians. 4:16 Make ye mention 2142 z8685 to the nations; 1471 behold, x2009 publish 8085 z8685 against x5921 Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם, 3389 [that] watchers נֹצְרִים Christians 5341 z8802 come 935 z8802 from a far 4801 country, 776 x4480 and give out 5414 z8799 their voice 6963 against x5921 the cities 5892 of Yh 4:17 As keepers 8104 z8802 of a field, 7704 are x1961 they against x5921 her round about; 5439 x4480 because x3588 she hath been rebellious 4784 z8804 against me, saith 5002 z8803 Yhw Isaiah 48:1יָ Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah, which swear by the name of the Lord, and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth, nor in righteousness.Isaiah 48:6 Thou hast heard, 8085 z8804 see 2372 z8798 all x3605 this; and will not x3808 ye x859 declare 5046 z8686 [it]? I have shewed 8085 z8689 thee new things 2319 from this time, 6258 x4480 even hidden things, 5341 z8803 and thou didst not x3808 know 3045 z8804 them. even hidden things, 5341 נְצֻרוֹת modern hebrew translater נְצֻרוֹת Christianity Isaiah 48:6 Thou hast heard, 8085 z8804 see 2372 z8798 all x3605 this; and will not x3808 ye x859 declare 5046 z8686 [it]? I have shewed 8085 z8689 thee new things 2319 from this time, 6258 x4480 even { נְצֻרוֹת Christianity,} 5341 z8803 and thou didst not x3808 know 3045 z8804 them 7 They are created now, and not from the beginning; even before the day when thou heardest them not; lest thou shouldest say, Behold, I knew them. Isaiah 49:6 And he said, Is it a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the "preserved of Israel:" I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be "my salvation" unto the end of the earth. This remarkable passage is obviously messianic. Especially since the one spoken of is to be the "light of the Gentiles" and salvation is to the ends of the earth. What is not obvious is the Hebrew use of words in this verse. The return of the "preserved" of Israel is another of Isaiah's use of the Nazarene words in messianic contexts of which this is one Preserved of Israel is notsrey yisrael. This would be rendered "Nazarenes or as the more common modern Jewish usage, "Christians of Israel."The Hebrew here literally says :"I give you as a light to the Gentiles to be my yeshua' to the end of the earth." The Hebrew form is the name of Jesus or Yeshua. The coincidence is startling when this verse is read in Hebrew. "Is your being my servant to establish the tribes of Jacob and restore the Israeli Nazarenes("Christians of Israel) a light thing, when I have also given you as a light of the Gentiles to be my Jesus to the ends of the earth." Make what you will of this verse but that is what it says.This construction is precisely what a modern Hebrew writer would use to say "Christians are coming from a far country. "Notsriym ba'iym me'erets ha-mer-chaq" If this construction were in an Israeli newspaper it would be read as "Christians are coming from a far country." The phrase ('al yerushalam) is translated "against Jerusalem." This construction does not necessarily imply an attack. It could just as easily be translated in or upon Jerusalem and the latter phrase in the verse would be "in the cities of Judah." In that case the verse would read "Remind the nations, behold, cause it to be heard in Jerusalem, Nazarenes (Christians) are coming from a far land and they will give their voices upon the cities of Judah."
- dd (2/6/2019 12:38:41 PM)
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