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Isaiah 51:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thy sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, as an antelope in a net; they are full of the wrath of Jehovah, the rebuke of thy God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thy sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, as a wild bull in a net: they are full of the fury of the LORD, the rebuke of thy God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Your sons have fainted, They lie [helpless] at the head of every street, Like an antelope in a net, Full of the wrath of the LORD, The rebuke of your God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thy sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, as a wild bull in a net: they are full of the fury of the LORD, the rebuke of thy God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thy children have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, as an oryx in a net: they are full of the fury of Jehovah, the rebuke of thy God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thy sons, have fainted, They lie at the head of all the streets, like a gazelle in a net,—Who, indeed, are full of, The indignation of Yahweh, The rebuke of thy God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thy sons have been wrapped up, they have lain down, At the head of all out places, as a wild ox [in] a net, They are full of the fury of Jehovah, The rebuke of Thy God.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thy children are cast forth, they have slept at the head of all the ways, and the wild ox that is snared: full of the indignation of the Lord, of the rebuke of thy God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thy sonnes haue fainted, they lie at the head of all the streetes as a wilde bull in a net; they are full of the furie of the LORD, the rebuke of thy God.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thy sons are the perplexed ones, that sleep at the top of every street as a half-boiled beet; they that are full of the anger of the Lord, caused to faint by the Lord God.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thy sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, as a wild bull in a net: they are full of the fury of Yahweh, the rebuke of thy Elohim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thy sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
have fainted, 5968
{5968} Prime
עָלַף
`alaph
{aw-laf'}
A primitive root; to veil or cover; figuratively to be languid.
z8795
<8795> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 199
they lie 7901
{7901} Prime
שָׁכַב
shakab
{shaw-kab'}
A primitive root; to lie down (for rest, sexual connection, decease or any other purpose).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
at the head 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
of all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the streets, 2351
{2351} Prime
חוּץ
chuwts
{khoots}
(Both forms feminine in the plural); from an unused root meaning to sever; properly separate by a wall, that is, outside, outdoors.
as a wild bull 8377
{8377} Prime
תְּאוֹ
t@'ow
{teh-o'}
The second form being the original form; from H8376; a species of antelope (probably from the white stripe on the cheek).
in a net: 4364
{4364} Prime
מַכְמוֹר
makmar
{mak-mawr'}
From H3648 in the sense of blackening by heat; a (hunter's) net (as dark from concealment).
they are full 4392
{4392} Prime
מָלֵא
male'
{maw-lay'}
From H4390; full (literally or figuratively) or filling (literally); also (concretely) fulness; adverbially fully.
of the fury 2534
{2534} Prime
חֵמָה
chemah
{khay-maw'}
From H3179; heat; figuratively anger, poison (from its fever).
of Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
the rebuke 1606
{1606} Prime
גְּעָרָה
g@`arah
{gheh-aw-raw'}
From H1605; a chiding.
of thy lhm אֱלֹהִים. 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 51:20

_ _ head of all ... streets — (Lamentations 2:19; Lamentations 4:1).

_ _ wild bull — rather, “oryx” [Jerome], or gazelle [Gesenius], or wild goat [Bochart]; commonly in the East taken in a net, of a wide sweep, into which the beasts were hunted together. The streets of cities in the East often have gates, which are closed at night; a person wishing to escape would be stopped by them and caught, as a wild animal in a net.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 51:17-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 51:20

Fainted — They are so far from being able to comfort thee, that they themselves faint away. They lie — Dead by famine or the sword. As a bull — Those of them who are not slain are struggling for life.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sons:

Isaiah 40:30 Even the youths shall faint and be weary, and the young men shall utterly fall:
Jeremiah 14:18 If I go forth into the field, then behold the slain with the sword! and if I enter into the city, then behold them that are sick with famine! yea, both the prophet and the priest go about into a land that they know not.
Lamentations 1:15 The Lord hath trodden under foot all my mighty [men] in the midst of me: he hath called an assembly against me to crush my young men: the Lord hath trodden the virgin, the daughter of Judah, [as] in a winepress.
Lamentations 1:19 I called for my lovers, [but] they deceived me: my priests and mine elders gave up the ghost in the city, while they sought their meat to relieve their souls.
Lamentations 2:11-12 Mine eyes do fail with tears, my bowels are troubled, my liver is poured upon the earth, for the destruction of the daughter of my people; because the children and the sucklings swoon in the streets of the city. ... They say to their mothers, Where [is] corn and wine? when they swooned as the wounded in the streets of the city, when their soul was poured out into their mothers' bosom.
Lamentations 4:2 The precious sons of Zion, comparable to fine gold, how are they esteemed as earthen pitchers, the work of the hands of the potter!
Lamentations 5:13 They took the young men to grind, and the children fell under the wood.

a wild:

Isaiah 8:21 And they shall pass through it, hardly bestead and hungry: and it shall come to pass, that when they shall be hungry, they shall fret themselves, and curse their king and their God, and look upward.
Ezekiel 12:13 My net also will I spread upon him, and he shall be taken in my snare: and I will bring him to Babylon [to] the land of the Chaldeans; yet shall he not see it, though he shall die there.
Ezekiel 17:20 And I will spread my net upon him, and he shall be taken in my snare, and I will bring him to Babylon, and will plead with him there for his trespass that he hath trespassed against me.
Revelation 16:9-11 And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to give him glory. ... And blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds.

full:

Isaiah 51:17 Awake, awake, stand up, O Jerusalem, which hast drunk at the hand of the LORD the cup of his fury; thou hast drunken the dregs of the cup of trembling, [and] wrung [them] out.
Isaiah 51:21 Therefore hear now this, thou afflicted, and drunken, but not with wine:
Isaiah 9:19-21 Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts is the land darkened, and the people shall be as the fuel of the fire: no man shall spare his brother. ... Manasseh, Ephraim; and Ephraim, Manasseh: [and] they together [shall be] against Judah. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand [is] stretched out still.
Psalms 88:15-16 I [am] afflicted and ready to die from [my] youth up: [while] I suffer thy terrors I am distracted. ... Thy fierce wrath goeth over me; thy terrors have cut me off.
Lamentations 3:15-16 He hath filled me with bitterness, he hath made me drunken with wormwood. ... He hath also broken my teeth with gravel stones, he hath covered me with ashes.
Revelation 14:10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:
, but,
Isaiah 29:9 Stay yourselves, and wonder; cry ye out, and cry: they are drunken, but not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong drink.
Isaiah 49:26 And I will feed them that oppress thee with their own flesh; and they shall be drunken with their own blood, as with sweet wine: and all flesh shall know that I the LORD [am] thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob.
Ezekiel 39:19 And ye shall eat fat till ye be full, and drink blood till ye be drunken, of my sacrifice which I have sacrificed for you.
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Ps 88:15. Is 8:21; 9:19; 29:9; 40:30; 49:26; 51:17, 21. Jr 14:18. Lm 1:15, 19; 2:11; 3:15; 4:2; 5:13. Ezk 12:13; 17:20; 39:19. Rv 14:10; 16:9.

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