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Jeremiah 1:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests that were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests that [were] in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests who were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests that [were] in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkijah, of the priests that were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The words of Jeremiah, son of Hilkiah,—of the priests who were in Anathoth, in the land of Benjamin:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Words of Jeremiah son of Hilkiah, of the priests who [are] in Anathoth, in the land of Benjamin,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The words of Jeremias the son of Helcias, of the priests that were in Anathoth, in the land of Benjamin.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The wordes of Ieremiah the sonne of Hilkiah, of the Priests that [were] in Anathoth in the land of Beniamin:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The word of God which came to Jeremiah{gr.Jeremias} the [son] of Hilkiah{gr.Chelcias}, of the priests, who dwelt in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The words of Yirmeyah the son of Chilqiyyah, of the priests that [were] in Anathoth in the land of Binyamin:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The words 1697
{1697} Prime
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
of Yirmy יִרמְיָה 3414
{3414} Prime
From H7311 and H3050; Jah will rise; Jirmejah, the name of eight or nine Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of ilkiyy חִלקִיָּה, 2518
{2518} Prime
From H2506 and H3050; portion of Jah; Chilhijah, the name of eight Israelites.
of x4480
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the priests 3548
{3548} Prime
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
that x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[were] in `n עֲנָתוֹת 6068
{6068} Prime
Plural of H6067; Anathoth, the name of two Israelites, also of a place in Palestine.
in the land 776
{0776} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of Binymn בִּניָמִין: 1144
{1144} Prime
From H1121 and H3225; son of (the) right hand; Binjamin, youngest son of Jacob; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 1:1

_ _ Jeremiah 1:1-19. The general title or introduction.

_ _ Jeremiah 1:1-3, probably prefixed by Jeremiah, when he collected his prophecies and gave them to his countrymen to take with them to Babylon [Michaelis].

_ _ Anathoth — a town in Benjamin, twenty stadia, that is, two or three miles north of Jerusalem; now Anata (compare Isaiah 10:30, and the context, Isaiah 10:28-32). One of the four cities allotted to the Kohathites in Benjamin (Joshua 21:18). Compare 1 Kings 2:26, 1 Kings 2:27; a stigma was cast thenceforth on the whole sacerdotal family resident there; this may be alluded to in the words here, “the priests ... in Anathoth.” God chooses “the weak, base, and despised things ... to confound the mighty.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Jeremiah 1:1-3

_ _ We have here as much as it was thought fit we should know of the genealogy of this prophet and the chronology of this prophecy. 1. We are told what family the prophet was of. He was the son of Hilkiah, not that Hilkiah, it is supposed, who was high priest in Josiah's time (for then he would have been called so, and not, as here, one of the priests that were in Anathoth), but another of the same name. Jeremiah signifies one raised up by the Lord. It is said of Christ that he is a prophet whom the Lord our God raised up unto us, Deuteronomy 18:15, Deuteronomy 18:18. He was of the priests, and, as a priest, was authorized and appointed to teach the people; but to that authority and appointment God added the extraordinary commission of a prophet. Ezekiel also was a priest. Thus God would support the honour of the priesthood at a time when, by their sins and God's judgments upon them, it was sadly eclipsed. He was of the priests in Anathoth, a city of priests, which lay about three miles from Jerusalem. Abiathar had his country house there, 1 Kings 2:26. 2. We have the general date of his prophecies, the knowledge of which is requisite to the understanding of them. (1.) He began to prophesy in the thirteenth year of Josiah's reign, Jeremiah 1:2. Josiah, in the twelfth year of his reign, began a work of reformation, applied himself with all sincerity to purge Judah and Jerusalem from the high places, and the groves, and the images, 2 Chronicles 34:3. And very seasonably then was this young prophet raised up to assist and encourage the young king in that good work. Then the word of the Lord came to him, not only a charge and commission to him to prophesy, but a revelation of the things themselves which he was to deliver. As it is an encouragement to ministers to be countenanced and protected by such pious magistrates as Josiah was, so it is a great help to magistrates, in any good work of reformation, to be advised and animated, and to have a great deal of their work done for them, by such faithful zealous ministers as Jeremiah was. Now, one would have expected when these two joined forces, such a prince, and such a prophet (as in a like case, Ezra 5:1, Ezra 5:2), and both young, such a complete reformation would be brought about and settled as would prevent the ruin of the church and state; but it proved quite otherwise. In the eighteenth year of Josiah we find there were a great many of the relics of idolatry that were not purged out; for what can the best princes and prophets do to prevent the ruin of a people that hate to be reformed? And therefore, though it was a time of reformation, Jeremiah continued to foretel the destroying judgments that were coming upon them; for there is no symptom more threatening to any people than fruitless attempts of reformation. Josiah and Jeremiah would have healed them, but they would not be healed. (2.) He continued to prophesy through the reigns of Jehoiakim and Zedekiah, each of whom reigned eleven years. He prophesied to the carrying away of Jerusalem captive (Jeremiah 1:3), that great event which he had so often prophesied of. He continued to prophesy after that, Jeremiah 40:1. But the computation here is made to end with that because it was the accomplishment of many of his predictions; and from the thirteenth of Josiah to the captivity was just forty years. Dr. Lightfoot observes that as Moses was so long with the people, a teacher in the wilderness, till they entered into their own land, Jeremiah was so long in their own land a teacher, before they went into the wilderness of the heathen: and he thinks that therefore a special mark is set upon the last forty years of the iniquity of Judah, which Ezekiel bore forty days, a day for a year, because during all that time they had Jeremiah prophesying among them, which was a great aggravation of their impenitency. God, in this prophet, suffered their manners, their ill manners, forty years, and at length swore in his wrath that they should not continue in his rest.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 1:1

Anathoth — Was a city three miles from Jerusalem, allotted out of the tribe of Benjamin for the priests.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 1:1

The (a) words of Jeremiah the son of (b) Hilkiah, of the priests that [were] in (c) Anathoth in the land of Benjamin:

The Argument — The prophet Jeremiah born in the city of Anathoth in the country of Benjamin, was the son of Hilkiah, whom some think to be he that found the book of the law and gave it to Josiah. This prophet had excellent gifts from God, and most evident revelations of prophecy, so that by the commandment of the Lord he began very young to prophecy, that is, in the thirteenth year of Josiah, and continued eighteen years under the king, three months under Jehoahaz and under Jehoiakim eleven years, three months under Jehoiachin, and under Zedekiah eleven years to the time that they were carried away into Babylon. So that this time amounts to above forty years, besides the time that he prophesied after the captivity. In this book he declares with tears and lamentations, the destruction of Jerusalem and the captivity of the people, for their idolatry, covetousness, deceit, cruelty, excess, rebellion and contempt of God's word, and for the consolation of the Church reveals the just time of their deliverance. Here chiefly are to be considered three things. First the rebellion of the wicked, who wax more stubborn and obstinate, when the prophets admonish them most plainly of their destruction. Next how the prophets and ministers of God should not be discouraged in their vocation, though they are persecuted and rigorously handled by the wicked, for God's cause. Thirdly though God shows his just judgment against the wicked, yet will he ever show himself a preserver of his Church, and when all means seem to men's judgment to be abolished, then will he declare himself victorious in preserving his.

(a) That is, the sermons and prophecies.

(b) Who is thought to be he that found the book of the law under king Josiah, (2 Kings 22:8).

(c) This was a city about three miles from Jerusalem and belonged to the priests, the sons of Aaron, (Joshua 21:18).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

2 Chronicles 36:21 To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: [for] as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years.
Isaiah 1:1 The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, [and] Hezekiah, kings of Judah.
Isaiah 2:1 The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.
Amos 1:1 The words of Amos, who was among the herdmen of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.
Amos 7:10 Then Amaziah the priest of Bethel sent to Jeroboam king of Israel, saying, Amos hath conspired against thee in the midst of the house of Israel: the land is not able to bear all his words.

of the priests:

Ezekiel 1:3 The word of the LORD came expressly unto Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and the hand of the LORD was there upon him.

in Anathoth:

Jeremiah 11:21 Therefore thus saith the LORD of the men of Anathoth, that seek thy life, saying, Prophesy not in the name of the LORD, that thou die not by our hand:
Jeremiah 32:7-9 Behold, Hanameel the son of Shallum thine uncle shall come unto thee, saying, Buy thee my field that [is] in Anathoth: for the right of redemption [is] thine to buy [it]. ... And I bought the field of Hanameel my uncle's son, that [was] in Anathoth, and weighed him the money, [even] seventeen shekels of silver.
Joshua 21:17-18 And out of the tribe of Benjamin, Gibeon with her suburbs, Geba with her suburbs, ... Anathoth with her suburbs, and Almon with her suburbs; four cities.
1 Chronicles 6:60 And out of the tribe of Benjamin; Geba with her suburbs, and Alemeth with her suburbs, and Anathoth with her suburbs. All their cities throughout their families [were] thirteen cities.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jsh 21:17. 1Ch 6:60. 2Ch 36:21. Is 1:1; 2:1. Jr 11:21; 32:7. Ezk 1:3. Am 1:1; 7:10.

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יִרְמְיָהוּ yir'm'yh Yirmy
Strong's : a variation is יִרְמְיָהוּ Yirmeyahu " Yah (Jah) loosens"
Briggs's: "Jah will rise"
- jg (9/7/2022 1:41:16 PM)
The name Jeremiah means "whom God has appointed"
- jg (9/7/2022 12:31:55 PM)
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