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Jeremiah 36:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Therefore thus saith Jehovah concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah: He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David; and his dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to the frost.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore thus saith the LORD of Jehoiakim king of Judah; He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David: and his dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to the frost.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Therefore thus says the LORD concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah, “He shall have no one to sit on the throne of David, and his dead body shall be cast out to the heat of the day and the frost of the night.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah; He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David: and his dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to the frost.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Therefore thus saith Jehovah concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah: He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David; and his dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to the frost.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Therefore, Thus, saith Yahweh, Concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah,—He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David,—And, his dead body, shall be cast out—to the heat by day, and to the frost by night;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Therefore, thus said Jehovah, concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah: He hath none sitting on the throne of David, and his carcase is cast out to heat by day, and to cold by night;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore thus saith the Lord against Joakim the king of Juda: He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David: and his dead body shall be cast out to the heat by day, and to the frost by night.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therefore thus saith the LORD of Iehoiakim king of Iudah; He shall haue none to sit vpon the throne of Dauid, and his dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heate, and in the night to the frost.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Therefore thus saith the Lord concerning Jehoiakim{gr.Joakim} king of Judah{gr.Juda}; He shall not have [a man] to sit on the throne of David: and his carcass shall be cast forth in the heat by day, and in the frost by night.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Therefore thus saith Yahweh of Yehoyaqim king of Yehudah; He shall have none to sit upon the throne of Dawid: and his dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to the frost.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
thus x3541
(3541) Complement
כֹּה
koh
{ko}
From the prefix K and H1931; properly like this, that is, by implication (of manner) thus (or so); also (of place) here (or hither); or (of time) now.
saith 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
of x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Yhykm יְהוֹיָקִים 3079
{3079} Prime
יְהוֹיָקִים
Y@howyaqiym
{yeh-ho-yaw-keem'}
From H3068 abbreviated and H6965; Jehovah will raise; Jehojakim, a Jewish king.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Yh יְהוּדָה; 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
He shall have x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
none x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
to sit 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the throne 3678
{3678} Prime
כִּסֵּא
kicce'
{kis-say'}
From H3680; properly covered, that is, a throne (as canopied).
of Dwi דָּוִד: 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
and his dead body 5038
{5038} Prime
נְבֵלָה
n@belah
{neb-ay-law'}
From H5034; a flabby thing, that is, a carcase or carrion (human or bestial, often collective); figuratively an idol.
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
cast out 7993
{7993} Prime
שָׁלַךְ
shalak
{shaw-lak'}
A primitive root; to throw out, down or away (literally or figuratively).
z8716
<8716> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 113
in the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
to the heat, 2721
{2721} Prime
חֹרֶב
choreb
{kho'-reb}
A collateral form of H2719; drought or desolation.
and in the night 3915
{3915} Prime
לַיִל
layil
{lah'-yil}
From the same as H3883; properly a twist (away of the light), that is, night; figuratively adversity.
to the frost. 7140
{7140} Prime
קֶרַח
qerach
{keh'-rakh}
From H7139; ice (as if bald, that is, smooth); hence, hail; by resemblance, rock crystal.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 36:30

_ _ He shall have none to sit upon the throne — fulfilled (2 Kings 24:8, etc.; 2 Kings 25:1-30). He had successors, but not directly of his posterity, except his son Jeconiah, whose three months’ reign is counted as nothing. Zedekiah was not the son, but the uncle of Jeconiah, and was raised to the throne in contempt of him and his father Jehoiakim (Jeremiah 22:30).

_ _ dead body ... cast out — (Jeremiah 22:18, Jeremiah 22:19).

_ _ day ... heat ... night ... frost — There are often these variations of temperature in the East between night and day (Genesis 31:40).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 36:20-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 36:30

None to sit — That is, none that shall be king any considerable time. Jeconiah his son was set up, but kept his throne but three months.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 36:30

Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah; He shall have (q) none to sit upon the throne of David: and his (r) dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to the frost.

(q) Though Jehoiachin his son succeeded him, yet because he reigned but three months, it was esteemed as no reign.

(r) See Jeremiah 22:19

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
He shall:

Jeremiah 22:30 Thus saith the LORD, Write ye this man childless, a man [that] shall not prosper in his days: for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah.
2 Kings 24:12-15 And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign. ... And he carried away Jehoiachin to Babylon, and the king's mother, and the king's wives, and his officers, and the mighty of the land, [those] carried he into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon.

and his:

Jeremiah 22:18 Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah; They shall not lament for him, [saying], Ah my brother! or, Ah sister! they shall not lament for him, [saying], Ah lord! or, Ah his glory!
Genesis 31:40 [Thus] I was; in the day the drought consumed me, and the frost by night; and my sleep departed from mine eyes.

in the:
Sir J. Chardin observes, "In the Lower Asia, in particular, the day is always hot; and as soon as the sun is fifteen degrees above the horizon, no cold is felt in the depth of winter itself. On the contrary, in the height of summer the nights are as cold as at Paris in the month of March. It is for this reason that in Persia and Turkey they always make use of furred habits in the country, such only being sufficient to resist the cold of the nights. I have travelled in Arabia, and in Mesopotamia (the theatre of the adventures of Jacob), both in winter and in summer, and have found the truth of what the Patriarch said, "That he was scorched with the heat in the day, and stiffened with cold in the night" (
Genesis 31:40 [Thus] I was; in the day the drought consumed me, and the frost by night; and my sleep departed from mine eyes.
). This contrariety in the qualities of the air in twenty-four hours is extremely great in some places, and not conceivable by those that have not felt it; one would imagine that he had passed in a moment from the violent heats of summer to the depth of winter. Thus it had pleased God to temper the heat of the sun by the coldness of night, without which the greatest part of the East would be barren, and a desert."
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Gn 31:40. 2K 24:12. Jr 22:18, 30.

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