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Job 31:38 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If my land crieth out against me, And the furrows thereof weep together;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “If my land cries out against me, And its furrows weep together;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If my land crieth against me, or its furrows likewise complain;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If my land cry out against me, and its furrows weep together;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If, against me, my ground used to cry out, and, together, my ridges did weep;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— If against me my land doth cry out, And together its furrows weep,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If my land cry against me, and with it the furrows thereof mourn:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If my land cry against me, or that the furrowes likewise thereof complaine:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— If at any time the land groaned against me, and if its furrows mourned together;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
my land 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
cry 2199
{2199} Prime
זָעַק
za`aq
{zaw-ak'}
A primitive root; to shriek (from anguish or danger); by analogy (as a herald) to announce or convene publicly.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
me, or that the furrows 8525
{8525} Prime
תֶּלֶם
telem
{teh'-lem}
From an unused root meaning to accumulate; a bank or terrace.
likewise 3162
{3162} Prime
יַחַד
yachad
{yakh'-ad}
From H3161; properly a unit, that is, (adverbially) unitedly.
thereof complain; 1058
{1058} Prime
בָּכָה
bakah
{baw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to weep; generally to bemoan.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 31:38

_ _ Personification. The complaints of the unjustly ousted proprietors are transferred to the lands themselves (Job 31:20; Genesis 4:10; Habakkuk 2:11). If I have unjustly acquired lands (Job 24:2; Isaiah 5:8).

_ _ furrows — The specification of these makes it likely, he implies in this, “If I paid not the laborer for tillage”; as Job 31:39, “If I paid him not for gathering in the fruits.” Thus of the four clauses in Job 31:38, Job 31:39, the first refers to the same subject as the fourth, the second is connected with the third by introverted parallelism. Compare James 5:4, which plainly alludes to this passage: compare “Lord of Sabaoth” with Job 31:26 here.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 31:33-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 31:38

Cry — Because I have gotten it by fraud or violence.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 31:38

If my land (d) cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain;

(d) As though I had withheld their wages that laboured in it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
cry:

Job 20:27 The heaven shall reveal his iniquity; and the earth shall rise up against him.
Habakkuk 2:11 For the stone shall cry out of the wall, and the beam out of the timber shall answer it.
James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.

complain:
Heb. weep,
Psalms 65:13 The pastures are clothed with flocks; the valleys also are covered over with corn; they shout for joy, they also sing.
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Jb 20:27. Ps 65:13. Hab 2:11. Jm 5:4.

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