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Lamentations 3:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He hath also broken my teeth with gravel stones; he hath covered me with ashes.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He hath also broken my teeth with gravel stones, he hath covered me with ashes.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He has broken my teeth with gravel; He has made me cower in the dust.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He hath also broken my teeth with gravel stones, he hath covered me with ashes.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He hath also broken my teeth with gravel stones, he hath covered me with ashes.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he hath crushed, with gravel-stones, my teeth, hath made me cower in ashes;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And He breaketh with gravel my teeth, He hath covered me with ashes.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Vau. And he hath broken my teeth one by one, he hath fed me with ashes.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He hath also broken my teeth with grauell stones, hee hath couered me with ashes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he has dashed out my teeth with gravel, he has fed me with ashes.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He hath also broken my teeth with gravel stones, he hath covered me with ashes.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He hath also broken 1638
{1638} Prime
גָּרַס
garac
{gaw-ras'}
A primitive root; to crush; also (intransitively and figuratively) to dissolve.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
my teeth 8127
{8127} Prime
שֵׁן
shen
{shane}
From H8150; a tooth (as sharp); specifically (for H8143) ivory; figuratively a cliff.
with gravel stones, 2687
{2687} Prime
חָצָץ
chatsats
{khaw-tsawts'}
From H2686; properly something cutting; hence gravel (as grit); also (like H2671) an arrow.
he hath covered 3728
{3728} Prime
כָּפַשׁ
kaphash
{kaw-fash'}
A primitive root; to tread down; figuratively to humiliate.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
me with ashes. 665
{0665} Prime
אֵפֶר
'epher
{ay'-fer}
From an unused root meaning to bestrew; ashes.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Lamentations 3:16-18

Vau

_ _ gravel — referring to the grit that often mixes with bread baked in ashes, as is the custom of baking in the East (Proverbs 20:17). We fare as hardly as those who eat such bread. The same allusion is in “Covered me with ashes,” namely, as bread.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Lamentations 3:1-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Lamentations 3:16

Ashes — Mourners were wont to throw ashes on their heads.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
broken:

Job 4:10 The roaring of the lion, and the voice of the fierce lion, and the teeth of the young lions, are broken.
Psalms 3:7 Arise, O LORD; save me, O my God: for thou hast smitten all mine enemies [upon] the cheek bone; thou hast broken the teeth of the ungodly.
Psalms 58:6 Break their teeth, O God, in their mouth: break out the great teeth of the young lions, O LORD.

gravel:

Proverbs 20:17 Bread of deceit [is] sweet to a man; but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel.
Matthew 7:9 Or what man is there of you, whom if his son ask bread, will he give him a stone?
Luke 11:11 If a son shall ask bread of any of you that is a father, will he give him a stone? or if [he ask] a fish, will he for a fish give him a serpent?

he hath:

Psalms 102:9 For I have eaten ashes like bread, and mingled my drink with weeping,

covered me with ashes:
or, rolled me in the ashes,
Job 2:8 And he took him a potsherd to scrape himself withal; and he sat down among the ashes.
Jeremiah 6:26 O daughter of my people, gird [thee] with sackcloth, and wallow thyself in ashes: make thee mourning, [as for] an only son, most bitter lamentation: for the spoiler shall suddenly come upon us.
Jonah 3:6 For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered [him] with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 2:8; 4:10. Ps 3:7; 58:6; 102:9. Pv 20:17. Jr 6:26. Jna 3:6. Mt 7:9. Lk 11:11.

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