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Leviticus 1:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And if his oblation to Jehovah be a burnt-offering of birds, then he shall offer his oblation of turtle-doves, or of young pigeons.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And if the burnt sacrifice for his offering to the LORD [be] of fowls, then he shall bring his offering of turtledoves, or of young pigeons.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘But if his offering to the LORD is a burnt offering of birds, then he shall bring his offering from the turtledoves or from young pigeons.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And if the burnt sacrifice for his offering to the LORD shall [be] of fowls, then he shall bring his offering of turtle doves, or of young pigeons.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And if his offering to Jehovah be a burnt-offering of fowls, then he shall present his offering of turtle-doves, or of young pigeons.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, if, of birds, be the ascending-sacrifice of his oblation unto Yahweh, then shall he bring near, of the turtle-doves or of the young pigeons, his oblation.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And if his offering [is] a burnt-offering out of the fowl to Jehovah, than he hath brought near his offering out of the turtle-doves or out of the young pigeons,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But if the oblation of a holocaust to the Lord be of birds, of turtles, or of young pigeons:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And if the burnt sacrifice for his offring to the LORD [be] of foules, then he shall bring his offering of turtle doues, or of yong pigeons.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And if he bring his gift, a burnt-offering to the Lord, of birds, then shall he bring his gift of doves or pigeons.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And if the burnt sacrifice for his offering to Yahweh [be] of fowls, then he shall bring his offering of turtledoves, or of young pigeons.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And if x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
the burnt sacrifice 5930
{5930} Prime
עֹלָה
`olah
{o-law'}
Feminine active participle of H5927; a step or (collectively stairs, as ascending); usually a holocaust (as going up in smoke).
for his offering 7133
{7133} Prime
קֹרְבָּן
qorban
{kor-bawn'}
From H7126; something brought near the altar, that is, a sacrificial present.
to Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
[be] of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
fowls, 5775
{5775} Prime
עוֹף
`owph
{ofe}
From H5774; a bird (as covered with feathers, or rather as covering with wings), often collective.
then he shall bring 7126
{7126} Prime
קָרַב
qarab
{kaw-rab'}
A primitive root; to approach (causatively bring near) for whatever purpose.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his offering 7133
{7133} Prime
קֹרְבָּן
qorban
{kor-bawn'}
From H7126; something brought near the altar, that is, a sacrificial present.
of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
turtledoves, 8449
{8449} Prime
תּוֹר
towr
{tore}
Probably the same as H8447; a ring dove, often (figuratively) as a term of endearment.
or x176
(0176) Complement
אוֹ
'ow
{o}
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
young 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
pigeons. 3123
{3123} Prime
יוֹנָה
yownah
{yo-naw'}
Probably from the same as H3196; a dove (apparently from the warmth of their mating).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Leviticus 1:14-17

_ _ if the burnt sacrifice ... be of fowls — The gentle nature and cleanly habits of the dove led to its selection, while all other fowls were rejected, either for the fierceness of their disposition or the grossness of their taste; and in this case, there being from the smallness of the animal no blood for waste, the priest was directed to prepare it at the altar and sprinkle the blood. This was the offering appointed for the poor. The fowls were always offered in pairs, and the reason why Moses ordered two turtledoves or two young pigeons, was not merely to suit the convenience of the offerer, but according as the latter was in season; for pigeons are sometimes quite hard and unfit for eating, at which time turtledoves are very good in Egypt and Palestine. The turtledoves are not restricted to any age because they are always good when they appear in those countries, being birds of passage; but the age of the pigeons is particularly marked that they might not be offered to God at times when they are rejected by men [Harmer]. It is obvious, from the varying scale of these voluntary sacrifices, that the disposition of the offerer was the thing looked to — not the costliness of his offering.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 1:10-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 1:14

Turtle — doves — These birds were appointed for the poor who could not bring better. And these birds are preferred before others, partly because they were easily gotten, and partly because they are fit representations of Christ's chastity, and meekness, and gentleness, for which these birds are remarkable. The pigeons must be young, because then they are best; but the turtle — doves are better when they are grown up, and therefore they are not confined to that age.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
of fowls:

Leviticus 5:7 And if he be not able to bring a lamb, then he shall bring for his trespass, which he hath committed, two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, unto the LORD; one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering.
Leviticus 12:8 And if she be not able to bring a lamb, then she shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons; the one for the burnt offering, and the other for a sin offering: and the priest shall make an atonement for her, and she shall be clean.
Matthew 11:29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.
Luke 2:24 And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.
2 Corinthians 8:12 For if there be first a willing mind, [it is] accepted according to that a man hath, [and] not according to that he hath not.
Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, [who is] holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;
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Lv 5:7; 12:8. Mt 11:29. Lk 2:24. 2Co 8:12. He 7:26.

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